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What are foods you can eat on a renal diet?

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Quick Answer

A renal failure diet includes limited amounts of starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and meat products, according to Drugs.com. The diet focuses on controlling intake of protein, phosphorus and other minerals to lower the body’s waste production, thus improving kidney function and helping delay total renal failure.

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Full Answer

Individuals who want to start a renal failure diet should consult a dietitian who can advise appropriate amounts of foods, notes Drugs.com. A kidney disease patient with high blood pressure or excess fluid in his body should consume no more than 1,500 mg of sodium daily. Individuals with high potassium blood levels should also limit intake of fruits and vegetables. Low-potassium vegetables include green beans, raw cabbage, cucumber and lettuce, whereas low-potassium fruits include blueberries, cranberries and grapes.

Breads, hamburger buns, cereals and cooked pasta are allowed sources of starches on a renal diet, states Drugs.com. Dietitians also recommend low-fat or fat-free milk, yogurt, ice cream and cheese. Salt should be avoided when preparing meat products. Renal failure patients should choose healthy fats, such as margarine, mayonnaise and oil-based salad dressing.

Nutritionists may advise patients with kidney disease to take a vitamin or mineral supplement, says Drugs.com. Salt substitutes must be avoided, as they can increase potassium levels.

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