Probiotic foods such as yogurt may aid digestion, offer protection from harmful bacteria and ease acid reflux symptoms in some people, explains Healthline. Research shows that increasing fiber by eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains also prevents symptoms.
Fried and fatty foods, full-fat dairy products, fatty or fried red meats, high-fat desserts, and cream sauces and gravies are common foods that trigger acid reflux, according to Healthline. Highly acidic fruits and vegetables, such as limes, lemons, grapefruit, pineapple and tomatoes, can also cause symptoms. Chocolate, garlic, onions and spicy foods trigger heartburn in many people. Coffee, tea, carbonated beverages, alcohol and mint can also increase heartburn symptoms, adds WebMD.
Smoking increases the risk for acid reflux disease by increasing the amount of acid secreted by the stomach and interfering with the muscles that help keep acid levels down, explains WebMD. Anti-inflammatory pain relievers, muscle relaxants and certain blood pressure drugs can trigger acid reflux. Raising the head of the bed by 4 to 6 inches and not eating within three hours of lying down can help keep the stomach’s acid levels down while sleeping. Losing weight and not wearing tight belts or clothes reduces the pressure around the abdomen and can decrease acid reflux.