Foods that may help diabetics control blood sugar levels include oatmeal; fruits such as strawberries and blueberries; nonstarchy vegetables; salmon; and lean meats. Cinnamon, fenugreek, and foods high in monounsaturated fats such as avocados and nuts have also been reported to help control blood sugars, reports Healthline.
Whole grain foods such as unsweetened oatmeal are high in soluble fiber and help control blood sugars in the body. Soluble fiber in oatmeal induces a feeling of fullness, which in turn curbs cravings, promotes weight loss and lowers blood sugars. Strawberries and blueberries are also high in soluble fiber and water content, and the nutrients in blueberries have been reported to improve insulin resistance and slow digestion. Both strawberries and blueberries are low in calories and carbohydrates and thus aid in controlling blood sugars, states WebMD.
Nonstarchy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli are also high in fiber, low in carbohydrates and effective in lowering blood sugars. Salmon and other lean meats contain minerals that enable the body to better manage insulin and metabolize carbohydrates. Certain varieties of cinnamon, including whole cinnamon and cinnamon extracts, have been demonstrated to lower fasting blood glucose, and emerging evidence suggests fenugreek lowers blood sugars in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics. Additionally, monounsaturated fats in avocados, nuts and olive oil improve fasting and average blood glucose while also improving insulin resistance, according to Healthline.