Complex carbohydrates and low fat dairy products are recommended by Mayo Clinic to avoid gout attacks. Animal protein sources, fat, alcohol and high fructose corn syrup must be avoided, and increased water intake is recommended to flush uric acid from the body.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by an excess of uric acid in the blood stream, according to Mayo Clinic. This excess of uric acid collects in joints and forms painful crystals. Uric acid is formed in the body from purines, a molecule commonly found in organ meats, asparagus and mushrooms. A diet to treat gout should avoid such foods so that levels of uric acid can drop. Animal protein sources must be eliminated as they contain high levels of purines. Saturated fats prevent the body from efficiently eliminating uric acid from the body, as does alcohol. High fructose corn syrup is the only carbohydrate source that causes elevation in uric acid levels and should be avoided if possible.
Instead, Mayo Clinic recommends a plant-based diet to manage gout. Complex carbohydrate sources, such as whole wheat grains and vegetables, are emphasized. Vegetable and olive oils do not contain high levels of saturated fats and are allowed in moderation. Low-fat or fat-free dairy products have been linked to lower risk of gout and are recommended.