Fatty fish, nuts, olive oil, and green, leafy vegetables, such as collards, kale and spinach, are several foods that fight inflammation, according to Harvard Health Publications. Other anti-inflammatory foods include tomatoes and fruits, such as oranges, cherries, blueberries and strawberries.
Fruits and vegetables help fight inflammation, as they are rich in natural antioxidants and polyphenols, which are anti-inflammatory compounds, explains Harvard Health Publications. Coffee is also a good source of polyphenols. Besides reducing the occurrence of inflammation, nuts also help decrease the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
The Mediterranean diet, which is a good anti-inflammatory diet, mostly consists of whole grains, fruits and vegetables, states Harvard Health Publications. It also contains plenty of fish, nuts and healthy oils. Inflammatory foods to avoid include sugary drinks, such as soda; processed meat, such as sausages and hot dogs; red meat, such as burgers and steaks; and refined carbohydrates, such as pastries and white bread. Fried foods, lard, shortening and margarine also contribute to inflammation.
Foods that aggravate inflammation are generally bad for health, as they increase the risk of severe diseases, such as heart disease, notes Harvard Health Publications. Moreover, they promote weight gain, which increases the risk of inflammation. The site recommends that people should opt for healthy diets to reduce inflammation and improve mood and overall health.