Q:

What foods do not aggravate heartburn?

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Quick Answer

A high-fiber diet with plenty of nuts, whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes can help decrease or prevent the likelihood of heartburn symptoms from occurring as much as 20 percent, according to WebMD. Beverages such as water, non-fat or low-fat milk, and non-citrus juices are also considered heartburn-friendly.

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Full Answer

To find out what triggers heartburn symptoms, a patient should keep a food diary listing what he or she eats during the day, suggests WebMD. Baked sweet potatoes, broiled chicken, toast and cottage cheese are generally safe, while foods such as garlic and onion can trigger symptoms in some people.

Greasy, fatty foods, fruits with citric acid, caffeine and alcohol are all well-known triggers for heartburn, reports WebMD. Although tomatoes are healthy in general, they are highly acidic. Soda and other carbonated beverages cause the abdomen to bloat, leading to increased pressure in the belly that may cause stomach acid to splash up into the esophagus.

In addition to eating a low-fat and healthy diet, decreasing meal sizes can also help reduce or eliminate heartburn symptoms, states WebMD. Chewing gum after meals stimulates saliva production, helping to neutralize the acidity of problem foods, and helps food travel faster from the stomach to the small intestine.

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