Not all problems with swallowing require surgery, as stated by WebMD. In some cases, problems with swallowing may be caused by an inflammation of the oesophagus, which can be remedied with a simple dose of antibiotics.
Difficulty swallowing, or dysphagia, may occur due to problems with the nerves or muscles in the oesophagus, or due to a blockage of the throat. Surgery is typically only used to treat swallowing problems related to obstruction, such as malignant tumors. In most instances, problems with swallowing require simpler remedies, such as exercising, changes in diet, antibiotic treatment or endoscopy, as reported by WebMD.