Those with hyperlipidemia, a condition that causes high levels of blood lipids, should avoid foods high in saturated or trans fat. Only 5 to 6 percent of a hyperlipidemia patient's daily nutrition should come from saturated fat, and 1 percent from trans fat, according to the American Heart Association.
Hyperlipidemia patients can avoid too much saturated fat by reading food labels and limiting their intake of fried food and dairy products that contain whole milk, American Heart Association advises. Specific foods to avoid include packaged cookies and baked goods that contain trans fat, according to MedlinePlus. Hyperlipidemic individuals should also cut down on beef, lamb, chicken and pork, as well as egg yolks and organ meat. Instead, they should choose a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
In addition to avoiding fatty foods, eating plenty of fiber can also help lower cholesterol, a common blood fat that, in excessive amounts, increases the risk of heart stroke, the American Heart Association says. A high-fiber diet can lower cholesterol by up to 10 percent, and losing 10 percent of body weight can also make a difference.
Such conditions as diabetes, alcoholism and hypothyroidism can aggravate hyperlipidemia, says MedlinePlus. Those with coronary artery disease or a family history of high cholesterol are also at a higher risk for getting hyperlipidemia.