The original food pyramid was invented in Sweden in 1972 as a response to high food prices in the country at that time. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare divided foods into "basic" and "supplementary" to help people make wise choices in buying food.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) adapted the concept of the food pyramid in 1992. The original food pyramid was divided into the categories of breads, cereals, rice and pasta; fruits; vegetables; milk, yogurt and cheese; meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts; and fats, oils and sweets. The initial suggestions for portion amounts were heavily influenced by the food industry. The USDA revamped the food pyramid in 2005 and replaced it with its MyPlate program in 2011.