A hyperextended knee may require physical therapy to restore strength and stability, or it may require surgical repair, depending on the severity of the damage, explains Mayo Clinic. Tendon and ligament strains benefit from rest, elevation and ice, and sometimes compression is recommended, says eMedicineHealth.Continue Reading
Approaches to fixing a hyperextended knee depend on the specific damage that occurs in the ligaments, tendons and muscles of the joint, according to eMedicineHealth. A hyperextension stretches or tears the hamstring muscles, and treatment for this is usually exercise, time and perhaps physical therapy. There are several cruciate ligaments in the knee, and damage to these may require a knee splint to keep the joint stable, or surgery and long-term physical therapy.
The strongest ligament in the knee is the posterior cruciate ligament, which is most often damaged by hyperextension, notes MedlinePlus. This can happen after an awkward landing from a jump or from a direct blow to the knee. When this ligament is damaged, age is a factor in treatment. Younger patients require surgery more often to avoid arthritis symptoms years later. Many people do well without surgery, but when multiple ligaments are injured, or if the bone is pulled off with the ligament, surgery is necessary.Learn more about Breaks & Sprains
According to the Mayo Clinic, recovery time for a sprained knee depends on the severity of the injury. With proper care, mild and moderate sprains typically heal in about three to six weeks. A severe sprain that involves a torn knee ligament may require surgery.Full Answer >
Conservative care for torn cartilage in the knee involves resting the joint, applying ice, elevating the injury, using compression and physical therapy, according to the Mayo Clinic. Surgical care options include repairing the cartilage, trimming the meniscus to remove the damaged area or removing the entire torn meniscus. According to WebMD, most surgeons avoid a total meniscectomy if possible, due to the increased risk of osteoarthritis.Full Answer >
Individuals with fractured ribs should seek medical attention, as they can cause serious damage to internal organs and blood vessels, according to Mayo Clinic. An out-of-place rib bone can tear the aorta and other blood vessels or puncture the lungs, spleen, liver or kidneys. Signs of a rib fracture include pain when inhaling deeply, applying pressure to the chest area, and bending or twisting the torso.Full Answer >
Patients with an ACL tear who have a moderately sedentary lifestyle may not require surgery if they do not have severe cartilage damage or damage to other ligaments, explains Mayo Clinic. These patients may only require rehabilitation that helps improve knee stability with exercises of the muscles around the knee.Full Answer >