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How are fibroid tumors of the breast treated?

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Quick Answer

Fibrous breast tumors are most commonly treated with surgery, according to WebMD. These types of tumors are known as fibroadenomas and are most commonly benign tumors. Fibroadenomas are also the most common type of benign breast tumor overall.

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Full Answer

Fibroadenomas typically present as solid, round masses in the breast, writes WebMD. These lumps move freely in the breast and are typically painless. Fibroadenomas are a result of the formation of extra milk glands in the breast, and are more common in African-American women and in women between the ages of 20 and 30. Another condition known as a traumatic fat necrosis results in similar symptoms to a fibroadenoma, though breast lumps due to fat necrosis are usually harder in consistency than fibroadenomas.

Surgical options to treat a fibroadenoma include lumpectomy and cryoablation, according to Mayo Clinic. In cryoablation, a small probe is inserted into the tumor, and a freezing gas is injected to freeze the tissue in the tumor. Cryoablation offers a less invasive option for treatment as compared to lumpectomy, but cryoablation can only be used on smaller fibroadenomas when the diagnosis does not indicate the possibility of any other type of tumor. Some fibroadenomas are also managed nonsurgically, especially if they are small. It is important for patients who do not choose surgical treatment for a fibroadenoma to monitor their tumors for signs of more serious disease.

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