Femoral neck osteopenia refers to a decrease in bone density in the top part of the femur where it connects to the hip, explains the University of Maryland. The condition can lead to weakening of the hip bone. This increases the risk of a fracture resulting from falls or stress.
Genetics, habits and decreased estrogen levels due to menopause are some of the risk factors for femoral bone osteopenia, as MedicineNet states. Underlying medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can also cause the condition.
Treatment for osteopenia often involves the ingestion of sufficient levels of calcium and vitamin D on a daily basis. It also includes treating any concurrent disease, such as the inflammatory response caused by arthritis, according to MedicineNet.