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What are female hormone pills?

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Quick Answer

Female hormone pills supplement the estrogen and progesterone vital to reproductive function, notes the Cleveland Clinic. Hormone therapy increases the amounts of estrogen and progesterone if the ovaries fail to make enough.

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Full Answer

Women need estrogen to thicken the lining of the uterus, to keep the vagina healthy and to regulate calcium and cholesterol, claims the Cleveland Clinic. Women entering menopause may suffer lower amounts of estrogen due to the slowing production of the ovaries. Taking progesterone complements estrogen therapy. Hormone therapy may assist women going through menopause, but it does carry an increased risk of endometrial cancer and blood clots.

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