The American Lung Association states an individual with pneumonia suffers from confusion, senses headache and chest pains that increase as he coughs and breathes and experiences chills and abundant sweating. He may also feel short of breath and have a fever.Continue Reading
Mayo Clinic states pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs of one or both lungs. Pneumonia is most often caused by the bacteria and viruses that live in the air people breathe. The risks for pneumonia include smoking, being over the age of 65 or under the age of 2, having a weakened immune system and being diagnosed with a chronic disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The American Lung Association states that pneumonia is diagnosed by performing a chest X-ray, blood test or CT scan. There are two types of pneumonia: viral and bacterial. Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics that include azithromycin, clarithromycin or erythromycin. Viral pneumonia normally resolves on its own but may be treated with antiviral medications. Either type of pneumonia can last one to three or more weeks depending on the age and overall health of the individual. As of 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states in the United States approximately 1 million people are hospitalized with pneumonia each year.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases