Medications, dietary change, exercises, nonsurgical procedures and surgery treat fecal incontinence, states Mayo Clinic. The treatment depends on the severity and cause of the condition.
Anti-diarrheal drugs, medicines that decrease movement in the bowel and laxatives are some medications that treat fecal incontinence, notes Mayo Clinic. A doctor may recommend eating foods high in fiber and increased fluid intake if constipation causes fecal incontinence. Changing the diet in this manner helps stools to have more bulk, which allows for better control of bowel movements. Biofeedback and bowel training treat fecal incontinence by increasing the awareness of bowel movement urges and increasing anal sphincter control if muscle damage causes fecal incontinence. Sacral nerve stimulation involves implantation of a device that strengthens muscles with electrical pulses, and doctors typically only use it when other nonsurgical treatments are ineffective.
Sphincteroplasty; surgical correction of hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse or a rectocele; sphincter replacement; sphincter repair; and a colostomy treat underlying issues that cause fecal incontinence, according to Mayo Clinic. These surgeries treat fecal incontinence caused by an underlying condition or childbirth. Sphincteroplasty repairs weakened or damaged anal sphincters by strengthening the muscle. The doctor can replace the sphincter with an inflatable cuff, or he can repair the sphincter muscle. Doctors insert a colostomy bag to collect stool only when all other treatments have failed.