One of the features of brain images of schizophrenics is abnormalities in certain parts of the corpus callosum, according to Jim Dryden for Washington University in St. Louis. Brain images of schizophrenics also show significant loss of gray matter, especially in the frontal and temporal lobes, reports Schizophrenia.com.
Researchers used diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance imaging to identify certain features in the brains of schizophrenics, explains Neuroscience News. These images help doctors understand why different patients have varying schizophrenic symptoms. The images show that abnormalities in certain parts of the corpus callosum correspond with certain schizophrenic symptoms, states Dryden. The corpus callosum is very important in neural communications.
Patients who display disorganized behaviors have specific features in one part of the corpus callosum, while patients who have delusions and hallucinations have other abnormalities in a different part of the corpus callosum, according to Dryden. Symptoms such as lack of emotion and disorganized speech and thinking are present in patients with irregularities in another part of this structure.
Brain images of schizophrenics also reveal significant loss in gray matter, explains Schizophrenia.com. The patient may lose up to 25 percent of gray matter in certain parts of the brain, especially the frontal and temporal lobes. Patients with the most significant loss in gray matter have the worst symptoms, including delusions, hallucinations, depression and hearing voices.