Natural methods for removing age spots include the use of pineapple and papaya enzymes to rub off dead skin cells with too much pigment, according to Real Simple. Using them twice daily and then applying brightening serum makes the skin smooth to give it a more even reflection of light.
These natural enzymes and brightening serums frequently contain antioxidants, exfoliants and ingredients that inhibit the aggregation of melanin, such as hydroquinone and licorice extract. If these natural solutions do not work within a month or two, dermatologists provide prescription-strength medications, such as Tri-Luma cream, which contains hydroquinone blended with tretinoin, a deriviative of vitamin A that also served as an exfoliant, for nighttime application after cleansing. After the spots have faded, it's important to apply sunscreen every day to keep them from coming back, reports Real Simple.
Age spots are not a symptom of skin cancer; however, they indicate that exposure to the sun is at a level that elevates risk of skin cancer. This means that they are a sign that more sunscreen, or at least the use of a more powerful formula, is necessary. Sunscreens with SPF of 30 or higher and that block both UVA and UVB rays are ideal. It's also wise to visit the dermatologist yearly to have any spots checked out and to ensure that they aren't actually flat moles, which have the potential to change into cancerous lesions, notes Real Simple.