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What are some factors that affect treatment times for mesenteric adenitis?

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The duration of treatment for mesenteric adenitis, also known as lymphadenitis, is influenced by the cause for the lymphadenitis and the severity of the disease, according to Medscape. Sometimes no treatment is required or the lymphadenitis spontaneously resolves. This is usually when the cause is viral, or the lymphadenitis is mild, states Mayo Clinic.

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Treatment is based on the cause of the lymphadenitis, states Medscape. There are many causes for mesenteric lymphadenitis, but infection is the most commonly identified cause, claims WebMD. Gastroenteritis, due to viral and bacterial causes, and upper respiratory infections are the most common infections. Inflammatory conditions, such as Crohn's and diverticulitis, and cancer are also common causes. However, it does happen that doctors are sometimes unable to identify the cause.

No treatment is recommended when there are no worrisome signs, or when the cause is viral, states Mayo Clinic. In these situations, over-the-counter medication for a short period of time is recommended as the sole treatment. However, antibiotics are prescribed for more severe bacterial infections — the type of antibiotic treatment and the duration thereof is determined by the symptoms of the person, claims Medscape. The antibiotic treatment is also influenced by the type of organism causing the infection.

A biopsy is recommended if a malignancy is suspected as the cause, states Medscape. The treatment is then designed to fit the diagnosis.

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