Risk factors that affects recovery after a spinal fusion surgery include infection, blood clotting, fusion failure, bone graft pain, nerve injury and graft infection. The risks a person may experience depends on age, personal health, reason for the surgery and type of procedure, as stated by WebMD.
Following the spinal fusion surgery, a patient needs to stay in the hospital for two to three days to be monitored by the doctor. Proper preparation for the procedures is usually necessary to prevent any risks. This involves informing the doctor about any current medications. Smokers also need to stop smoking as the recovery may be poor if one continues to smoke, as stated by National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. Patients who have been taking alcohol will need to tell the doctor. Patients suffering from conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes, may need to visit the doctor regularly after the surgery.
Taking the pain medications given by the doctor after the surgery is necessary. Self-care is important for recovery. Patients are usually trained how to walk, sit and stand properly, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Wearing a brace as advised helps to ensure proper alignment of the spine. If any symptoms appear, it is sensible to contact a doctor.