Factors that affect recovery time from hip surgery include the type of surgery, whether or not the patient suffered complications and whether she has physical therapy after the surgery, according to the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. Other factors include post-operative self-care and whether she keeps follow-up appointments with her doctor.
There are basically two types of hip replacement surgeries, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In the traditional type, the surgeon makes a 10- to 12-inch long incision on the patient's hip. In minimally invasive surgery, the surgeon makes one or two smaller incisions that cause less trauma to the muscles and tissues in the area. This type of surgery also requires a shorter stay in the hospital, reports the University of California San Francisco Medical Center.
Complications are rare in hip replacement surgery, notes the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. Patients work with their doctors to prevent complications such as blood clots or infections of the hip joint. Another factor in recovery is physical therapy. In many cases, the patient starts to train with a physical therapist the day after her surgery. The physical therapist continues to work with the patient after she goes home. He also evaluates what level of physical therapy she needs to speed her recovery, and in some cases, she may need to be placed in an inpatient facility for a while.
The patient must take care of the surgical wound, explains the University of California San Francisco Medical Center, and ensure it stays clean and dry until the surgical staples are removed. She also needs to keep follow-up visits with her doctor for some years to make sure she and her prosthesis are well.