Many retinal diseases can be treated with an eye injection of different medications, including Lucentis, Macugen, and Eylea, relates All About Vision. These are United States Food and Drug Administration-approved medications that are injected to treat different forms of macular degeneration, such as the wet form. Other conditions that can be treated with intravitreal injections are macular edema, uveitis and diabetic retinopathy, notes the National Institutes of Health's Medline Plus.
There are guidelines that a retina specialist follows to administer these medications. The procedure followed for these injections includes signing a consent form, anesthetic injection, using antiseptic to kill any bacteria and minimize infection, the injection of medication and ensuring the ocular circulation is fine. After the ocular injection, a patient may be prescribed antibiotic eye drops at the discretion of the doctor, states the American Academy of Ophthalmology.