Eye diseases and disorders include glaucoma, pink eye, floaters, temporal arteritis and cataracts, according to WebMD. Other eye diseases and disorders include amblyopia, or lazy eye, chalazion, sty, and refractive errors such as farsightedness, nearsightedness and astigmatism, states the American Optometric Association.
Other eye disorders are retinitis pigmentosa, retinoblastoa, uveiis and pterygium, claims the AOA.
Glaucoma is a disorder that is often caused by increased pressure inside the eyeball, according to WebMD. This can damage the optic nerve and lead to partial loss of vision or even blindness. Pink eye, which is also known as conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the transparent membrane that covers the white of the eye. Floaters are flecks and spots that appear in the field of vision. Though they are usually just a nuisance, if a great many appear suddenly, the person should visit her eye doctor to rule out a serious condition such as retinal detachment.
A chalazion is a bump that appears in the eyelid, says the AOA. It is the result of a blocked and swollen oil gland. A pterygium is tissue that has grown abnormally over the conjunctiva and the cornea, while a retinoblastoma is a rare cancer that attacks the retina. It is most often found in children.