Wounds & Bruises

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According to the American Red Cross, a first-aid kit should include various supplies, including bandages, adhesive tape, disinfectants and a first-aid instruction manual. Owners should check the kit regularly and replace any products as they expire. Upon using items from the kit, owners should replace them immediately.

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  • Does my cut need stitches?

    Q: Does my cut need stitches?

    A: WebMD recommends that a cut receive stitches if it is more than 0.25 inch deep, has jagged edges or gapes open. Any wound that extends past the skin and into deeper tissue may require stitches in order to aid in healing and to prevent infection.
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  • How should one treat a sprained foot?

    Q: How should one treat a sprained foot?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, a sprained foot can be treated by resting it, applying ice packs, compressing the affected area and elevating it. However, for more severe sprains that do not improve after three days, professional medical assistance might be required.
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  • What's the best way to heal a skinned knee?

    Q: What's the best way to heal a skinned knee?

    A: To heal a skinned knee, WebMD advises rinsing the knee with water immediately following the injury to ensure that dirt and debris are removed. Pressure is then applied to stop bleeding, if necessary, and a clean dressing is applied. This dressing must be kept clean to avoid infection.
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  • What's the first aid treatment for a bee sting allergy?

    Q: What's the first aid treatment for a bee sting allergy?

    A: If someone with a history of anaphylaxis or other acute allergic reactions is stung by a bee, WebMD recommends immediately calling 911. This is also true if someone is stung and has trouble breathing or speaking, feels that his airway is closing, is vomiting, or is unconscious.
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  • How do you heal an inflamed taste bud?

    Q: How do you heal an inflamed taste bud?

    A: Inflamed taste buds can be healed by applying soothing agents to the area, such as ice, and through mouth swishing with items, such as baking soda, honey, glycerin and tea tree oil. There are 2,000 to 8,000 taste buds on the human tongue.
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  • Why is my arm severely bruised after giving blood?

    Q: Why is my arm severely bruised after giving blood?

    A: The Australian Red Cross Blood Service explains that bruising occurs after donating blood due to bleeding under the skin. It particularly happens when bleeding continues after the needle is taken out of the arm until the small hole in the vein closes.
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  • How do you treat sun poisoning?

    Q: How do you treat sun poisoning?

    A: Treatment for sun poisoning includes getting out of the sun and drinking extra fluids for a few days. Taking cool showers and applying cool compresses to the skin are also recommended in the treatment of sun poisoning. Pain relief medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, help diminish pain, however, acetaminophen does little to mitigate skin inflammation.
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  • How do I treat a jammed toe?

    Q: How do I treat a jammed toe?

    A: A jammed toe occurs when a person's toe sustains a significant impact with the ground or another object, resulting in a sprain. The NYU Langone Medical Center recommends the R.I.C.E. method of treatment for sprained toes.
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  • Should you pop a fever blister?

    Q: Should you pop a fever blister?

    A: HowStuffWorks does not recommend popping a fever blister, or cold sore, as doing so allows the liquid inside to spread the virus. There are many steps to take that encourage healing of a fever blister.
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  • How long should stitches be left in?

    Q: How long should stitches be left in?

    A: The length of time that stitches should be left in depends on the location of the laceration and how much stress it receives, according to MedicineNet.com. A laceration on the knee requires that stitches stay in place longer than on the thigh because the knee stresses the skin by bending.
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  • Why won't my finger stop bleeding?

    Q: Why won't my finger stop bleeding?

    A: According to Healthline, the hands contain multiple blood vessels that can result in profuse bleeding when a finger is cut. Bleeding is the immune system's way of ensuring that wounds are clean of debris and dirt. Excessive bleeding due to a finger cut can be minimized by applying pressure to the wound and holding the hand above the head.
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  • What do you put in a First Aid kit?

    Q: What do you put in a First Aid kit?

    A: According to the American Red Cross, a first-aid kit should include various supplies, including bandages, adhesive tape, disinfectants and a first-aid instruction manual. Owners should check the kit regularly and replace any products as they expire. Upon using items from the kit, owners should replace them immediately.
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  • Q: What is a chest contusion?

    A: FreeMD explains that a chest contusion is a bruise to the chest wall and the bruise involves the skin, muscles or ribs of the chest wall. A serious chest contusion possibly causes bleeding in the underlying muscle and subcutaneous tissues, leading to a chest hematoma. FreeMD lists the symptoms of a chest contusion as bruising, chest pain, swelling and chest wall tenderness.
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  • Can bone spurs cause foot problems?

    Q: Can bone spurs cause foot problems?

    A: Bone spurs can cause pain, swelling, and the development of corns and calluses when they occur in the foot, according to WebMD. Typically the pain is focused in the heel and worsens after sleeping and while walking.
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  • Q: What are the four stages of pressure sores or ulcers?

    A: Pressure sores are classified as stage I through stage IV, with stage I being the least severe and stage IV being the most severe, notes MedlinePlus. A pressure sore can't be classified if the base of the sore is covered with tan, brown, yellow or green dead skin.
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  • Q: How do you soothe a burned toungue caused by drinking hot beverages?

    A: Suck on something cool, such as ice or a Popsicle, to soothe a burned tongue caused by drinking hot beverages, suggests Everyday Health. The next step is to coat the tongue with milk, which provides additional relief.
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  • How do you get a bruised vein in your leg?

    Q: How do you get a bruised vein in your leg?

    A: Bruised veins in the legs result from blunt-forced trauma, coagulopathy, hemorrhages, blood infection, fractures and vein injuries. MedicineNet explains that the elderly often experience bruising in the legs after taking anticoagulants, such as Warfarin. This anticoagulant, which is commercially recognized as Coumadin, is prescribed for patients who have experienced previous clotting in the legs. Cortisone medicines also contribute to bruising, as they increase the fragility of small capillaries.
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  • Q: How do you treat a raw area inside of your nose?

    A: Raw skin in and around the nose can be treated by staying hydrated, using a vaporizer or humidifier in the home, and using a high quality moisturizer, according to HowStuffWorks. If the irritation is due to a runny nose from colds or allergies, using lotion-infused tissues can also help.
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  • Q: How do you get lesions on the liver?

    A: An individual gets liver lesions because of diabetes, obesity, oral contraceptive use, liver trauma and appendicitis, explains the California Pacific Medical Center. The underlying medical condition or cause determines the type of the lesion, from polycystic liver disease to bile duct cysts.
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  • How long does it take for shin splints to heal?

    Q: How long does it take for shin splints to heal?

    A: It can take between 3 to 6 months for a shin splint to heal, according to MedlinePlus. If a person does not allow a shin splint to heal completely before returning to strenuous activities, this can result in continued pain in the affected shinbone.
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  • Q: How does protein affect wound healing?

    A: Nutrients derived from proteins play one of the most critical roles in wound healing, as a Journal of Dental Research article explains. A protein deficiency impairs collagen synthesis, wound healing and the working of the immune system by increasing the body’s susceptibility to infection. The synthesis of collagen, the structural protein that makes up connective tissue in the body, impacts wound remodeling.
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