According to DermNet NZ, the medical term for a freckle is ephilis. Freckles form after pigment is accumulated in the skin from sun exposure. Fair-skinned people tend to have more freckles on their bodies than dark-skinned people do.
A:According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shingles (herpes zoster) is only contagious when it is in the blister phase. The danger subsides when crusts develop. Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. The virus can only be spread by direct contact with the blisters.
A:According to the Mayo Clinic, itching skin inside of a cast can be relieved with an over-the-counter antihistamine. Blowing cool, dry air from a hair dryer under the cast can cause temporary relief. Applying a cold compress to the affected area may also help.
A:Common symptoms of poison oak and poison ivy include itching, red streaks or general redness where skin contact was made with the plant, hives in the form of small bumps or large raised areas, and blisters that may leak fluid, according to WebMD.
A:Boils on the scalp form underneath the skin when bacteria infects one or more hair follicles, according to the Mayo Clinic. Boils typically start as pus-filled lumps that grow, become painful and eventually form a head that bursts to allow the pus to drain. They are most commonly caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
A:The Minnesota Department of Health states the chickenpox virus spreads by direct contact or through the air, with onset of the illness within two to three weeks of exposure and the subject contagious from one to two days before the lesions appear, eventually forming crusts or scabs. The virus then moves into the nerves where it sometimes reappears as shingles in the elderly, according to In Vivo.
A:Some of the most common causes of chapped lips include use of certain drugs, allergic reactions, frequent licking of the lips, low levels of fluids in the body, use of certain toothpastes, breathing through the mouth and various medical conditions. This condition is often easy to remedy and does not require medical attention.
A:According to the Centers for Disease Control, the human papillomavirus is spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person - whether or not that person exhibits signs or symptoms of HPV at the time of contact. Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV and in some cases symptoms do not show up for many years. WebMd notes that as of 2014, there is no cure for HPV, however it often goes away on it's own and if not, there are treatment options available.
A:The sweat of men and women have different characteristic odors, according to "Discover" magazine. The odor is not caused by the sweat itself. Bacteria that live on the body ingest compounds present in the sweat, the metabolism of which causes the smell. Men and women have different chemical components of their sweat, which causes women’s sweat to smell like onions, while men’s sweat smells like cheese.
A:To alleviate the pain of peeling sunburns, take over-the-counter pain relievers, take a cool shower, moisturize, use cold compresses and apply anti-bacterial ointment. These steps can heal even the most painful sunburn.
A:Skin rashes are usually treated with topical ointments, creams and lotions to address itching, explains WebMD. Treatment may also include oral antibiotics, antihistamines, laser therapy, liquid nitrogen, steroid injections and ultraviolet light, depending a patient's specific skin condition. Some rashes do not require any type of treatment.
A:The main cause of a purple tinge in fingernails is low oxygen levels in the blood. This can be caused by poor circulation, as well as habits that inhibit oxygen absorption such as smoking. A single fingernail may also become purple if it has been injured, indicating a bruise underneath the nail.
A:According to WebMD, aloe vera, cold compresses and over-the-counter medications for pain can help relieve the pain of a sunburn. It is important to drink plenty of water after getting a sunburn to treat dehydration.
A:According to How Stuff Works, it is important never to pop a cold sore, as this causes the fluid inside to be expelled, spreading the germs causing the cold sore. Allowing a cold sore to heal on its own or with the assistance of an over-the-counter cold sore treatment is the best way to get rid of a cold sore. If left untreated, most cold sores heal on their own in 10 days.
A:Gary Wickman explains on Health Guidance that a puffy face in the morning is often a normal occurrence and does not typically signify any serious medical condition, although there are various potential causes, such as insect bite, allergic reaction and drug reaction. Trauma, infection and lack of sodium in the diet are also possible causes.
A:Home cures for demodex itching include cleansing affected areas with tea tree oil shampoo and applying 5 percent tea tree oil ointment. Individuals can treat inflammation associated with demodex with steroid-antibiotic ointment, according to Medscape.
A:Hives are a common cause of skin welts, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Presenting as red or pink welts on the skin, hives are typically caused by an allergic reaction to food, medicine, animals, pollen and insect bites. Welts are also caused by bed bug bites, which typically appear on the skin in a zigzag pattern and are sometimes mistaken for hives, chickenpox or a rash.
A:The shingles rash forms blisters that scab over within 10 days and clear up within four weeks, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The rash usually appears in a single stripe around one side of the body or face.
A:A hallux valgus deformity, commonly known as a bunion, is a swollen bump at the base of the big toe, according to WebMD. The deformity of the bone causes the big toe to angle inward toward the second toe.
A:Ringworm can be treated using antifungal ointments and creams through prescription or buying one at a pharmacy. Ringworm is a skin fungal infection that affects the hair, skin and nails, and it may be spread from one individual to another through contact with infected people, or sharing items such as towels. It can also be contracted from animals, such as cats, dogs and other pets.