According to DermNet NZ, the medical term for a freckle is ephilis. Freckles form after pigment is accumulated in the skin from sun exposure. Fair-skinned people tend to have more freckles on their bodies than dark-skinned people do.
A:Skin rashes are usually treated with topical ointments, creams and lotions to address itching, explains WebMD. Treatment may also include oral antibiotics, antihistamines, laser therapy, liquid nitrogen, steroid injections and ultraviolet light, depending a patient's specific skin condition. Some rashes do not require any type of treatment.
A:Boils on the scalp form underneath the skin when bacteria infects one or more hair follicles, according to the Mayo Clinic. Boils typically start as pus-filled lumps that grow, become painful and eventually form a head that bursts to allow the pus to drain. They are most commonly caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
A:Common symptoms of poison oak and poison ivy include itching, red streaks or general redness where skin contact was made with the plant, hives in the form of small bumps or large raised areas, and blisters that may leak fluid, according to WebMD.
A:Gary Wickman explains on Health Guidance that a puffy face in the morning is often a normal occurrence and does not typically signify any serious medical condition, although there are various potential causes, such as insect bite, allergic reaction and drug reaction. Trauma, infection and lack of sodium in the diet are also possible causes.
A:To alleviate the pain of peeling sunburns, take over-the-counter pain relievers, take a cool shower, moisturize, use cold compresses and apply anti-bacterial ointment. These steps can heal even the most painful sunburn.
A:The main cause of a purple tinge in fingernails is low oxygen levels in the blood. This can be caused by poor circulation, as well as habits that inhibit oxygen absorption such as smoking. A single fingernail may also become purple if it has been injured, indicating a bruise underneath the nail.
A:According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shingles (herpes zoster) is only contagious when it is in the blister phase. The danger subsides when crusts develop. Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. The virus can only be spread by direct contact with the blisters.
A:The Minnesota Department of Health states the chickenpox virus spreads by direct contact or through the air, with onset of the illness within two to three weeks of exposure and the subject contagious from one to two days before the lesions appear, eventually forming crusts or scabs. The virus then moves into the nerves where it sometimes reappears as shingles in the elderly, according to In Vivo.
A:According to How Stuff Works, it is important never to pop a cold sore, as this causes the fluid inside to be expelled, spreading the germs causing the cold sore. Allowing a cold sore to heal on its own or with the assistance of an over-the-counter cold sore treatment is the best way to get rid of a cold sore. If left untreated, most cold sores heal on their own in 10 days.
A:Some of the most common causes of chapped lips include use of certain drugs, allergic reactions, frequent licking of the lips, low levels of fluids in the body, use of certain toothpastes, breathing through the mouth and various medical conditions. This condition is often easy to remedy and does not require medical attention.
A:According to the Mayo Clinic, itching skin inside of a cast can be relieved with an over-the-counter antihistamine. Blowing cool, dry air from a hair dryer under the cast can cause temporary relief. Applying a cold compress to the affected area may also help.
A:According to WebMD, aloe vera, cold compresses and over-the-counter medications for pain can help relieve the pain of a sunburn. It is important to drink plenty of water after getting a sunburn to treat dehydration.
A:The sweat of men and women have different characteristic odors, according to "Discover" magazine. The odor is not caused by the sweat itself. Bacteria that live on the body ingest compounds present in the sweat, the metabolism of which causes the smell. Men and women have different chemical components of their sweat, which causes women’s sweat to smell like onions, while men’s sweat smells like cheese.
A:According to the Centers for Disease Control, the human papillomavirus is spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person - whether or not that person exhibits signs or symptoms of HPV at the time of contact. Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV and in some cases symptoms do not show up for many years. WebMd notes that as of 2014, there is no cure for HPV, however it often goes away on it's own and if not, there are treatment options available.
A:Black and brown moles both result when skin cells grow together in a cluster rather than spreading throughout the skin, according to WebMD. The name for these cells is melanocytes, and they are the source of skin's natural pigmentation. Moles often darken as a result of solar exposure and pregnancy.
A:Mercer bacteria, referred to as MRSA, which stands for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, is a strain of staph bacteria that causes infections in various parts of the body, states WebMD. MRSA is sometimes called a superbug as it's more difficult to treat because of its resistance to many regularly used antibiotics.
A:Injections, prescription and over-the-counter remedies such as gels, ointments or scar creams, laser surgery, dermabrasion, and surgical removal are all listed by WebMD as ways to treat scar tissue. Different scars require different treatments, such as injections for keloid scars.
A:Individuals can remove a corn at home by soaking the foot in warm, soapy water before rubbing off the softened skin with a pumice stone, as recommended by Mayo Clinic. Other home remedies include applying lemon juice, onion, vitamin A or vitamin E to the corn, according to Reader's Digest.
A:Home treatments for a carbuncle include applying warm compresses, washing and covering the affected area with a sterile bandage, and taking certain over-the-counter medications, states WebMD. Avoiding squeezing the carbuncle may prevent scarring and other complications.