Skin Conditions

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According to eMedicineHealth, the primary method doctors use to remove a mole is simply to cut it off. This is normally called excision, and the wound made sometimes requires stiches to close, depending on its size and depth. In some cases, the doctor excises the mole and then cauterizes the hole with a heat source in order to seal the wound and prevent infection.

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  • What causes fingernails to turn purple?

    Q: What causes fingernails to turn purple?

    A: The main cause of a purple tinge in fingernails is low oxygen levels in the blood. This can be caused by poor circulation, as well as habits that inhibit oxygen absorption such as smoking. A single fingernail may also become purple if it has been injured, indicating a bruise underneath the nail.
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  • What is the life cycle of chicken pox?

    Q: What is the life cycle of chicken pox?

    A: The Minnesota Department of Health states the chickenpox virus spreads by direct contact or through the air, with onset of the illness within two to three weeks of exposure and the subject contagious from one to two days before the lesions appear, eventually forming crusts or scabs. The virus then moves into the nerves where it sometimes reappears as shingles in the elderly, according to In Vivo.
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  • What causes a person's lips to become dry or chapped?

    Q: What causes a person's lips to become dry or chapped?

    A: Some of the most common causes of chapped lips include use of certain drugs, allergic reactions, frequent licking of the lips, low levels of fluids in the body, use of certain toothpastes, breathing through the mouth and various medical conditions. This condition is often easy to remedy and does not require medical attention.
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  • How long is shingles contagious?

    Q: How long is shingles contagious?

    A: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shingles (herpes zoster) is only contagious when it is in the blister phase. The danger subsides when crusts develop. Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. The virus can only be spread by direct contact with the blisters.
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  • How can itching be relieved when wearing a cast?

    Q: How can itching be relieved when wearing a cast?

    A: According to the Mayo Clinic, itching skin inside of a cast can be relieved with an over-the-counter antihistamine. Blowing cool, dry air from a hair dryer under the cast can cause temporary relief. Applying a cold compress to the affected area may also help.
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  • Where did chickenpox originate?

    Q: Where did chickenpox originate?

    A: The development of chickenpox can be traced to 17th century Europe. Along with a number of other contagions, it migrated to the Western Hemisphere in what has been called the Columbian Exchange.
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  • What re the symptoms of poison oak and poison ivy?

    Q: What re the symptoms of poison oak and poison ivy?

    A: Common symptoms of poison oak and poison ivy include itching, red streaks or general redness where skin contact was made with the plant, hives in the form of small bumps or large raised areas, and blisters that may leak fluid, according to WebMD.
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  • Can you pop a cold sore?

    Q: Can you pop a cold sore?

    A: According to How Stuff Works, it is important never to pop a cold sore, as this causes the fluid inside to be expelled, spreading the germs causing the cold sore. Allowing a cold sore to heal on its own or with the assistance of an over-the-counter cold sore treatment is the best way to get rid of a cold sore. If left untreated, most cold sores heal on their own in 10 days.
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  • How does vinegar help a sunburn?

    Q: How does vinegar help a sunburn?

    A: According to About.com, the acetic acid in vinegar moisturizes and soothes skin that has been sunburned. About.com notes that vinegar also helps keep peeling after a sunburn to a minimum.
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  • Why do I have boils on my scalp?

    Q: Why do I have boils on my scalp?

    A: Boils on the scalp form underneath the skin when bacteria infects one or more hair follicles, according to the Mayo Clinic. Boils typically start as pus-filled lumps that grow, become painful and eventually form a head that bursts to allow the pus to drain. They are most commonly caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
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  • How do you treat a skin rash?

    Q: How do you treat a skin rash?

    A: Skin rashes are usually treated with topical ointments, creams and lotions to address itching, explains WebMD. Treatment may also include oral antibiotics, antihistamines, laser therapy, liquid nitrogen, steroid injections and ultraviolet light, depending a patient's specific skin condition. Some rashes do not require any type of treatment.
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  • Why does my sweat smell like onions?

    Q: Why does my sweat smell like onions?

    A: The sweat of men and women have different characteristic odors, according to "Discover" magazine. The odor is not caused by the sweat itself. Bacteria that live on the body ingest compounds present in the sweat, the metabolism of which causes the smell. Men and women have different chemical components of their sweat, which causes women’s sweat to smell like onions, while men’s sweat smells like cheese.
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  • How do you treat a peeling sunburn?

    Q: How do you treat a peeling sunburn?

    A: To alleviate the pain of peeling sunburns, take over-the-counter pain relievers, take a cool shower, moisturize, use cold compresses and apply anti-bacterial ointment. These steps can heal even the most painful sunburn.
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  • What is the cause of puffy face in the morning?

    Q: What is the cause of puffy face in the morning?

    A: Gary Wickman explains on Health Guidance that a puffy face in the morning is often a normal occurrence and does not typically signify any serious medical condition, although there are various potential causes, such as insect bite, allergic reaction and drug reaction. Trauma, infection and lack of sodium in the diet are also possible causes.
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  • How do you get HPV?

    Q: How do you get HPV?

    A: According to the Centers for Disease Control, the human papillomavirus is spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person - whether or not that person exhibits signs or symptoms of HPV at the time of contact. Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV and in some cases symptoms do not show up for many years. WebMd notes that as of 2014, there is no cure for HPV, however it often goes away on it's own and if not, there are treatment options available.
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  • What is the fastest way to heal a sunburn?

    Q: What is the fastest way to heal a sunburn?

    A: According to WebMD, aloe vera, cold compresses and over-the-counter medications for pain can help relieve the pain of a sunburn. It is important to drink plenty of water after getting a sunburn to treat dehydration.
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  • What are the causes and treatments of boils?

    Q: What are the causes and treatments of boils?

    A: An infection of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is the most common cause of boils, especially when transmitted through an open cut or insect bite, explains Mayo Clinic. For most boils, home treatment with a warm compress is sufficient to manage pain until the boil drains naturally.
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  • Q: Will there be permanent skin color changes from Stevens-Johnson syndrome?

    A: A complication of Stevens-Johnson syndrome can be permanent color changes of the skin, according to the Mayo Clinic. When the skin grows back, it sometimes has bumps or abnormal coloring. Some patients also have scarring as a result of the condition.
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  • What are the most common home remedies for an itchy scalp?

    Q: What are the most common home remedies for an itchy scalp?

    A: Some common home treatments for an itchy scalp are shampoos for itchy scalps, reducing stress and maintaining personal hygiene, says Prime Health Channel. However, the treatment for itchy scalp varies based on the cause, notes How Stuff Works. More serious causes of an itchy scalp require medical treatment.
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  • What is a cyst behind the ear?

    Q: What is a cyst behind the ear?

    A: According to Med-Health.net, a cyst or lump behind the ear can be caused by swollen lymph nodes, sebaceous cysts or mastoiditis. Lumps behind the ear are common, and timely detection of these lumps can help avoid severe problems when identified and treated.
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  • Q: What are some tips for freckle removal?

    A: For people who don’t like the appearance of freckles, removal options include bleaching and fade cream, retinoid, chemical peels, cryosurgery, and laser treatment, reports MedicineNet. However, freckles are mostly harmless and don’t need to be removed, according to WebMD.
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