Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • Q: What is the normal size of an ovary in centimeters?

    A: The normal size of an ovary is 3 to 5 centimeters. This length varies according to a woman's hormonal condition and age. As the woman passes her childbearing years and grows older, nearing menopause, the ovary becomes smaller and smaller until it becomes atrophic.
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  • Q: What happens during a hysterectomy surgery?

    A: During hysterectomy surgery, a woman's uterus is completely or partially removed, according to WebMD. The surgeon may remove only the top of the uterus and leave the neck, or cervix. Both the cervix and the uterus proper may be removed.
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  • Q: What are some causes of stenotic cervix?

    A: Some women are born with a stenotic cervix, but for others, it is the result of a disorder or other condition, according to Merck Manual. Cancer is one possible cause. Two others are cervical surgery and procedures that affect the lining of the uterus.
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  • Q: How can you get thick hips?

    A: Do exercises that emphasize your hips, including lunges and squats. There are also several yoga poses that accentuate the hips while improving your flexibility. Consume a diet that is rich in carbohydrates and protein but free of junk foods. Stand up with your weight resting on one hip at a time, and sit on your hips often so that fat will build in this part of the body.
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  • Q: What is the treatment for a bartholin cyst?

    A: A Bartholin's cyst does not require treatment if symptoms are not present. According to the Mayo Clinic, soaking in a tub filled with a few inches of warm water can help the cyst to rupture and drain. Another treatment involves surgery, such as marsupialization, to drain the infected cyst. Antibiotics are prescribed if the cyst is not drained or if the patient has an STI.
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  • Q: What does it mean if your colposcopy results are abnormal?

    A: Abnormal colposcopy results can indicate the presence of sores, genital warts or other types of infections in the vagina or on the cervix, according to WebMD. If abnormal tissue is found on the cervix, doctors generally also perform a cervical biopsy.
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  • Q: What is a decidual cast?

    A: A decidual cast occurs when the uterus sheds its lining during pregnancy. The lining has a thick outer layer, allowing it to emerge intact from the body in the shape of a cast of the uterus.
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  • Q: Why would an abnormal pap smear lead to a D&C?

    A: Abnormal pap smear results lead to D&C exams primarily in cases in which the pap test does not indicate the place from which the abnormalities originate, according to ehealthMD. Physicians use tissue collected from D&C exams to locate the abnormal cells.
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  • Q: Why do ovarian dermoid cysts grow back after removal?

    A: Researchers hypothesize that ovarian dermoid cysts may recur in procedures where the surgeon does not have a clear enough view of the pelvis and is unaware that a second cyst exists, according to Women's Health Advice. Laparoscopies, while less intrusive than laparotomies, have an ovarian dermoid cyst recurrence rate of 7 percent within two years following surgery. Laparatomies have a recurrence rate of approximately 0 percent, although the length of hospitalization and associated blood loss are both higher.
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  • Q: What is the average recovery time after a hysteroscopy surgery?

    A: Observation in a recovery room for up to 4 hours, possibly followed by small amounts of abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding for 24 hours, are typical recovery stages after a hysteroscopy procedure, according to WebMD. Some women remain in the hospital, while others return home the same day.
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  • Q: What are the post-op instructions for the NovaSure procedure?

    A: Post-op instructions for the NovaSure procedure include no intercourse or douching until the doctor gives the go-ahead, according to Physicians to Women. Patients should not operate a machine or drive for at least 24 hours. They should contact their doctor if they experience any complications.
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  • Q: What is an ovarian neoplasm?

    A: An ovarian neoplasm is simply a growth on the ovary, according to Military Obstetrics and Gynecology. It can be either benign or malignant, slow-growing or aggressive.
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  • How is the sperm cell adapted to its function?

    Q: How is the sperm cell adapted to its function?

    A: The sperm cell has primarily adapted to its intended function through a variety of anatomical changes. One of the most crucial adaptations that sperm have evolved is their flagella, which propel them as they travel toward unfertilized ova. According to “Molecular Biology of the Cell,” sperm have also lost a number of organelles because such organelles are not necessary for their functioning.
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  • Q: How long is the typical recovery time after the removal of uterine polyps?

    A: The typical recovery time after the removal of uterine polyps through dilation and curettage is a few days, according to Mayo Clinic. Immediately following the operation, patients may need to rest for a few hours in a recovery room to allow the effects of the general anesthesia to wear off.
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