Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • Q: Why do my ovaries hurt?

    A: According to WebMD, ovarian pain can signify an endomitrioma ovarian cyst, a fluid-filled sac that forms in the ovaries that is common in women of child-bearing age. Endomitriomas consist of uterine tissue and can cause severe pain. In certain cases, endomitriomas can affect fertility.
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  • Where does fertilization take place in the female reproductive system?

    Q: Where does fertilization take place in the female reproductive system?

    A: According to WebMD, fertilization takes place in the woman's fallopian tube. About two weeks after a woman's period, an egg is released. It stays in the fallopian tube for approximately 24 hours, waiting for fertilization by a single sperm.
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  • Q: What does it mean if your colposcopy results are abnormal?

    A: Abnormal colposcopy results can indicate the presence of sores, genital warts or other types of infections in the vagina or on the cervix, according to WebMD. If abnormal tissue is found on the cervix, doctors generally also perform a cervical biopsy.
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  • Q: How can you get thick hips?

    A: Do exercises that emphasize your hips, including lunges and squats. There are also several yoga poses that accentuate the hips while improving your flexibility. Consume a diet that is rich in carbohydrates and protein but free of junk foods. Stand up with your weight resting on one hip at a time, and sit on your hips often so that fat will build in this part of the body.
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  • Q: What is the recovery time for vaginal mesh surgery?

    A: The recovery time for vaginal sling or mesh surgery depends on a patient's health history and may be from four to 12 weeks, according to Healthline. This outpatient surgery, where a doctor places a tension-free mesh around the urethra to keep it closed, takes place under general or spinal anesthesia.
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  • How long does it take for the uterus to contract after giving birth?

    Q: How long does it take for the uterus to contract after giving birth?

    A: According to Baby Center, the uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size and shape about four weeks after a woman gives birth. Even after the uterus resumes its normal size, the woman's abdomen may protrude slightly because the abdominal muscles have stretched during pregnancy. More time and regular exercise are needed to return the muscles to their previous tone.
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  • What is a heterogeneous uterus?

    Q: What is a heterogeneous uterus?

    A: A heterogeneous uterus is a term used to describe the appearance of the uterus after an ultrasound is conducted. It simply means that the uterus is not totally uniform in appearance during the ultrasound.
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  • Q: What is a simple vulvectomy?

    A: A vulvectomy is an operation used in the treatment of vulvar cancer, in which all or part of the vulva is surgically removed, according to the American Cancer Society. A partial vulvectomy removes the affected part of the vulva, while a radical vulvectomy removes the entire vulva and underlying tissues.
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  • Q: Can the ovaries be felt after menopause?

    A: A woman's ovaries are unable to be felt after menopause, according to Cancer Support Community. Due to the hormonal changes that occur at that time, the ovaries shrink to roughly half their normal size.
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  • Q: Can you get pregnant after a uterine ablation?

    A: According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, women usually cannot get pregnant after undergoing a uterine ablation. The procedure is intended for women who are finished having children. Even if pregnancy is achieved after a uterine ablation, the uterus may not be able to support the developing fetus and placenta.
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  • How many eggs are released during ovulation?

    Q: How many eggs are released during ovulation?

    A: Ovulation is when an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, where it awaits the possibility of fertilization. Normally, one egg is released during a cycle, however, multiple ovulation is possible, and occurs when two or more eggs are released during one cycle.
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  • Q: What are the symptoms of vestibular papillomatosis?

    A: The main symptom of vestibular papillomatosis is the appearance of soft, pearl-like papules in symmetrical lines on the inner sides of the vulvae, explains The New England Journal of Medicine. Some papules are grouped together, and others are single protrusions on the labia minora. There is also a discharge that sometimes occurs with vestibular papillomatosis, and the condition is often mistaken for genital warts.
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  • Q: What causes a woman's ovaries to shrink?

    A: Ovaries typically shrink after a woman completes menopause, according to Cancer Research UK. The age that a woman goes through menopause varies.
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  • Q: What causes a thick uterus?

    A: A thick uterus, or endometrial hyperplasia, is caused when a woman's body produces too much estrogen and not enough progesterone, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Progesterone is a hormone that helps the uterus prepare for pregnancy.
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