Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What Happens to an Unfertilized Egg?

    Q: What Happens to an Unfertilized Egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How Many Days Does Ovulation Last?

    Q: How Many Days Does Ovulation Last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • How Do Humans Mate?

    Q: How Do Humans Mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Fecundity and Fertility?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Fecundity and Fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How Often Do Men Produce Sperm?

    Q: How Often Do Men Produce Sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How Much Does a Uterus Weigh?

    Q: How Much Does a Uterus Weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • What Is a Fetal Pole?

    Q: What Is a Fetal Pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • Q: What Are Some Abnormalities of the Uterus?

    A: Abnormalities of the uterus include septate uterus, unicornuate uterus, retroverted uterus, didelphic uterus and fibroids, according to the March of Dimes. Some uterine abnormalities do not cause obvious signs or symptoms until a women is pregnant, while other abnormalities make conceiving difficult.
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  • Q: How Is the Uterus Removed?

    A: During a hysterectomy, the uterus is removed by cutting the inside of the vagina and detaching the uterus from the other pelvic organs, according to Mayo Clinic. The doctor pulls the uterus out through the vagina and stitches the surgical wound.
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  • Q: What Are the Side Effects of a Partial Hysterectomy?

    A: The side effects of a partial hysterectomy include infertility, hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings, explains About.com. Other side effects include vaginal dryness and decreased libido. All of these are also symptoms of menopause.
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  • Q: What Conditions Cause a Thickening of the Uterine Lining?

    A: Thickening of the endometrium, or the lining of the uterus, is caused by many different factors, some pregnancy related and some nonpregnancy related, notes Radiopaedia.org. Thickening of the uterine lining is caused by various stages of pregnancy, an intrauterine blood clot, cysts, tumors and endometrial carcinoma.
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  • What Is a Normal Follicle Size?

    Q: What Is a Normal Follicle Size?

    A: A normal follicle size is approximately 0.71 to 0.94 inch. The follicle is a cavity inside of the ovary that contains an egg. During ovulation, the follicle grows until it is 0.71 to 0.94 inch and then ruptures, completing ovulation.
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  • What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Cysts?

    Q: What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Cysts?

    A: Heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, constipation, prolonged menstrual periods and frequent urination are some of the most common symptoms of uterine cysts, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of uterine cysts may vary depending on the size and location of the cysts within the uterus, notes Healthline.
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  • Q: What Are Possible Complications From Cystocele, Rectocele or Prolapsed Uterus Surgery?

    A: Urinary incontinence and fistula formation are possible complications in both cystocele and prolapsed uterus surgery, states WebMD. Rectal prolapse surgery risks include bleeding, bowel obstruction, infection, and damage to nearby structures, such as nerves and organs, explains Mayo Clinic.
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  • Q: What Is Vaginitis?

    A: Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that causes itching, pain and discharge, explains Mayo Clinic. An infection, changes in the vaginal bacteria balance and reduced estrogen levels are typical causes of vaginitis.
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  • Q: What Are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and How Is It Treated?

    A: The symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome can include excess facial hair, irregular periods, excess body hair, acne and male-pattern baldness, Mayo Clinic says. Except for irregular periods, these symptoms are due to an excess of androgens. Treatments for polycystic ovary syndrome include medications to aid ovulation, such as metformin and clomiphene, regulate the menstrual cycle, such as birth control pills, and reduce excessive hair growth, such as spironolactone.
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  • Q: What Is the Best Treatment for Adenomyosis?

    A: The best treatment for adenomyosis is a hysterectomy, as that is the only treatment that cures the condition, explains WebMD. Other less invasive treatments to relieve symptoms of adenomyosis include medications, hormone therapy, uterine artery embolization and endometrial ablation.
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  • Q: What Are the Side Effects of Transvaginal Mesh Implants?

    A: Transvaginal mesh implant complications include vaginal mesh erosion, bleeding, pain, infection and urinary problems, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Some patients have experienced organ perforation, painful sexual intercourse, recurring prolapse, neuromuscular problems and emotional problems. Additionally, some patients experienced vaginal scarring or shrinkage.
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  • What Is an Inverted Cervix?

    Q: What Is an Inverted Cervix?

    A: An inverted or retroverted cervix typically occurs when a woman has a tilted uterus in which the angle of the uterus is abnormal. According to Women's Health Magazine, about 30 percent of women have a tilted uterus, and therefore have an inverted cervix. According to HealthTap, this condition rarely causes complications with pregnancy.
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  • Q: How Long Does It Take to Recover After a Hysteroscopy, D and C, and NovaSure Procedure?

    A: According to the Johns Hopkins Medicine, recovery time for a hysteroscopy D and C, and NovaSure procedure varies based on the patient and the type of anesthesia administered. If the operation is performed on an outpatient basis, the patient may leave the hospital after two hours. Recovery takes several days.
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  • Q: What Should Patients Know About Cervical Stenosis Surgery?

    A: Patients should know cervical stenosis surgery is typically only performed if other approaches, including physical therapy, medications and chiropractic work, are unsuccessful, the University of Virginia School of Medicine reports. The surgery is performed either from the back (posterior laminectomy) or from the front (anterior cervical fusion).
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