Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • Q: What should you consider when undergoing ovarian dermoid cyst removal surgery?

    A: Some considerations regarding ovarian dermoid cyst removal include the reason for the procedure, surgical risks and the expected outcome, according to WebMD. A doctor may recommend surgery if the cyst is large, if cysts are present on both ovaries or if there are reasons to suspect cancer.
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  • Q: What are the procedures for biopsy and conization?

    A: In conization, or cone biopsy, the doctor collects a cone-shaped tissue sample from the cervix, explains WebMD. In the loop electrosurgical excision procedure, or LEEP, the doctor uses a loop-shaped hot wire to collect abnormal tissue, according to UW Medicine. The procedure takes about 15 minutes.
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  • Q: Can I feel if my hymen is broken?

    A: A female cannot always feel when her hymen is broken. Some women may feel pain and experience bleeding when it is broken, but other women do not feel anything, according to SexInfo Online. Further examination by a gynecologist may be used to determine if the hymen is intact.
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  • Q: What is the recovery time for vaginal mesh surgery?

    A: The recovery time for vaginal sling or mesh surgery depends on a patient's health history and may be from four to 12 weeks, according to Healthline. This outpatient surgery, where a doctor places a tension-free mesh around the urethra to keep it closed, takes place under general or spinal anesthesia.
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  • Q: What are the average measurements of a normal uterus?

    A: A normal uterus measures around 7.5 centimeters in length, 5 centimeters wide and 2.5 centimeters in thickness, according to Radiopaedia.org. Measurements may vary depending on the number of pregnancies and may shrink after menopause, reports The Institute for Female Alternative Medicine.
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  • Q: What is Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy?

    A: Laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, or LAVH, is a procedure that allows a surgeon to remove a woman's uterus by inserting a laparoscope to view the pelvic organs, explains Mayo Clinic. Doctors perform the surgery by inserting long, slender surgical instruments through abdominal incisions, followed by removal of the uterus through an incision in the vagina. Physicians typically recommend a laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy if there is scar tissue on the pelvic organs as a result of endometriosis or former surgeries.
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  • What is the function of the cervix?

    Q: What is the function of the cervix?

    A: The function of the cervix is to allow the flow of menstrual blood from the uterus to the vagina and to direct semen into the uterus, according to Health Authority Abu Dhabi. During labor, the cervix opening widens to approximately 10 centimeters to allow for the birth of a baby.
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  • Q: What is the longest recovery time for a hysterectomy surgery?

    A: The longest recovery time for abdominal hysterectomy surgery is about eight weeks, according to WebMD. A hysterectomy is generally an inpatient procedure, and the patient usually spends up to three days in the hospital following surgery.
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  • Q: What causes a closed cervix?

    A: Cervical stenosis can form at birth or result from medical procedures that collapse the opening of the cervix, such as radiation therapy, surgeries to treat dysplasia or endometrial ablation, according to Merck Manuals. It is possible for untreated cervical stenosis to cause endometriosis and pyometra.
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  • Where can pictures of uterine fibroids be accessed online?

    Q: Where can pictures of uterine fibroids be accessed online?

    A: It is possible to find pictures, illustrations and photos of uterine fibroids on WebMD. The website offers a slideshow entitled “A Visual Guide to Uterine Fibroids,” which includes both artists’ illustrations and actual photos of uterine fibroids. Up to 80 percent of women develop fibroids by age 50, notes WebMD.
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  • Q: What are some effective treatments for yeast infections?

    A: The standard treatment for yeast infection is the topical application of antifungal medication to the affected area, according to MedicineNet. Some common over-the-counter yeast infection preparations include Mycelex or Lotrimin, which contain clotrimazole, and Micantin or Monistat, which contain miconazole. Treatment length varies from one to seven days.
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  • Q: What are some pros and cons of uterine ablation?

    A: Uterine ablation, also known as endometrial ablation, provides an alternative to women who might otherwise need to undergo hysterectomies to control excessive vaginal bleeding, reports WebMD. However, possible risks include punctures or burns in the uterus, damage to nearby organs and tearing of the uterus opening. Women who want to get pregnant should not have endometrial ablations, and premenopausal women who undergo the procedure still need to use birth control, as pregnancy after treatment may cause severe problems.
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  • Q: What happens during a hysterectomy surgery?

    A: During hysterectomy surgery, a woman's uterus is completely or partially removed, according to WebMD. The surgeon may remove only the top of the uterus and leave the neck, or cervix. Both the cervix and the uterus proper may be removed.
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  • Q: What causes a woman's ovaries to shrink?

    A: Ovaries typically shrink after a woman completes menopause, according to Cancer Research UK. The age that a woman goes through menopause varies.
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