Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • Q: What are the side effects of transvaginal mesh implants?

    A: Transvaginal mesh implant complications include vaginal mesh erosion, bleeding, pain, infection and urinary problems, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Some patients have experienced organ perforation, painful sexual intercourse, recurring prolapse, neuromuscular problems and emotional problems. Additionally, some patients experienced vaginal scarring or shrinkage.
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  • Q: Can fibroids cause abdominal swelling?

    A: Fibroids often cause swelling in the lower region of the abdomen due to inflammation. While fibroids are benign and most cause no symptoms at all, they can become a source of serious discomfort and should be investigated by a doctor.
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  • Q: How do you find a female OB/GYN?

    A: To find a female obstetrician or gynecologist, check out physician directories such as ZocDoc or Healthgrades. Narrow your search for a physician using the filters on either site, and select the Gender tab on ZocDoc, or check the Gender subcategory in the Other Criteria section on Healthgrades.
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  • Q: What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?

    A: Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome include irregular periods, polycystic ovaries and excess androgen, reports Mayo Clinic. Patients may experience sleep apnea, pelvic pain and weight gain around the waist, according to the Office on Women’s Health.
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  • Q: How do I ovulate with one fallopian tube?

    A: It is possible to ovulate and get pregnant with one fallopian tube if the tube has a corresponding ovary, according to Mayo Clinic. The ovulation process is the same as when a woman has two fallopian tubes.
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  • Q: What is a stenotic cervix?

    A: Women with a stenotic cervix experience a narrowing or closing of the path through the cervix to the uterus, according to Merck Manual. Cervical stenosis can lead to infertility, or cause a back flow of menstrual blood into the pelvic cavity, sometimes causing endometriosis.
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  • Q: What are some things to expect after a dilation and curettage?

    A: After a dilation and curettage, women can expect to spend a short time in the clinic or hospital recovering from the procedure and anesthetic, reports Mayo Clinic. For a few days, they may experience cramps, mild pain, and light bleeding or spotting. Their next period may not be on schedule, and they should refrain from sexual activity and attempting new pregnancy until their doctors tells them it's safe.
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  • Q: What is the procedure for removing ovaries called?

    A: The surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes one or both ovaries from a woman is called an oophorectomy, according to Mayo Clinic. Removal of both ovaries is a bilateral oophorectomy, while removal of a single ovary is a unilateral oophorectomy.
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  • Q: How soon can you resume sexual activity after hysteroscopic resection of uterine polyps?

    A: Following a hysteroscopic resection of uterine polyps, patients generally may resume sexual activity in two weeks, or as directed by their doctor, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients should also avoid vaginal douching during this time frame.
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  • Q: How can fallopian tubes be unblocked naturally?

    A: Fallopian tubes can be unblocked naturally with fertility cleansing, systemic enzyme therapy, abdominal or fertility massage, castor oil therapy or with herbal therapy, according to Natural Fertility Info. To determine which method may be most effective, the underlying cause behind the problem must be determined first.
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  • Q: What are some medical treatments for fibroids?

    A: Medical treatments for fibroids include androgens, oral contraceptives, progestin-releasing intrauterine devices, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, according to the UCLA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The treatments control menstrual bleeding, trigger new cycles, provide sufferers with symptomatic relief, and shrink fibroids.
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  • Q: What does fluid in a fallopian tube indicate?

    A: Fluid in a fallopian tube indicates damage or a blockage at the end portion of the fallopian tube, states the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. This condition is called hydrosalpinx, and it often causes fertility problems.
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  • Q: What is the purpose of the reproductive system?

    A: Male and female reproductive systems foster egg production and maturation, allowing humans to procreate, according to TeensHealth. Both systems produce gametes, or sex cells; the male gamete is sperm, which fertilizes the female gamete, or ovum. The fertilized ovum becomes a zygote and progresses through several states of physical development while inside a woman's uterus.
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  • Q: How large is the cervix?

    A: According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the cervix is approximately 1.6 inches long and projects less than 1 inch into the upper vaginal cavity. It is lowest region of the uterus. The cervix attaches the uterus to the vagina and provides a passage between the vaginal cavity and the uterine cavity.
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