Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • Q: How does a doctor tell if a girl isn't a virgin?

    A: A doctor can tell a girl has engaged in sex if she is pregnant, has a sexually transmitted infection or informs the doctor of her sexual history, according to TeenHealthFX. If the girl very recently had sex, the doctor may be able to detect traces of ejaculate, notes Scarleteen.
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  • Are hysterectomies safe?

    Q: Are hysterectomies safe?

    A: Generally, hysterectomies are considered very safe and are extremely common, notes Healthline. A hysterectomy is considered a major surgery and does come with certain risks, such as a rare adverse reaction to anesthesia. Other risks include damage to surrounding tissues and organs, particularly the bladder, intestines and blood vessels.
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  • Q: Why would an abnormal pap smear lead to a D&C?

    A: Abnormal pap smear results lead to D&C exams primarily in cases in which the pap test does not indicate the place from which the abnormalities originate, according to ehealthMD. Physicians use tissue collected from D&C exams to locate the abnormal cells.
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  • Q: What is the best treatment for endometriosis?

    A: The best treatment for endometriosis depends on the age of the patient as well as the severity of the disease and whether or not the woman wants children, explains the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Treatment options are medications, hormone therapy and surgical treatment.
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  • Q: What does a small cervix mean?

    A: A small cervix, sometimes called a "short" cervix, refers to a cervix that is less than three centimeters long during pregnancy. According to BabyZone, the length of the cervix during pregnancy should be greater than or equal to three centimeters.
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  • Q: What is the treatment for a bartholin cyst?

    A: A Bartholin's cyst does not require treatment if symptoms are not present. According to the Mayo Clinic, soaking in a tub filled with a few inches of warm water can help the cyst to rupture and drain. Another treatment involves surgery, such as marsupialization, to drain the infected cyst. Antibiotics are prescribed if the cyst is not drained or if the patient has an STI.
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  • Q: How can you lose weight after a hysterectomy?

    A: After a hysterectomy, a patient must focus on better nutrition, exercise and stress reduction to reverse the weight gain associated with this procedure, as stated by WebMD. It is wise to build these good habits before getting a hysterectomy.
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  • Q: Why does the blood of post-menopausal women contain high levels of FSH?

    A: Postmenopausal women have low levels of estrogen, and there is not enough estrogen to turn off the brain's production of follicle stimulating hormone, or FSH, explains the University of Pennsylvania Center for Women's Behavioral Wellness. Therefore, high levels of FSH are found in the blood of postmenopausal women.
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  • Q: What causes uterine lining thickening?

    A: Excess estrogen and low levels of progesterone cause uterine lining thickening, or endometrial hyperplasia, explains Healthgrades. Estrogen causes uterine wall thickening in preparation for pregnancy, while progesterone helps to control the thickening and initiates the shedding of the lining of the uterus if pregnancy does not happen. Certain chronic diseases may also trigger the condition.
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  • Q: What are considered the private parts of women?

    A: Some of the female private parts include the vagina, the clitoris, the uterus and the cervix, according to Everyday Health. There are both internal and external parts, but only the external parts can be seen, and they make up the area called the vulva.
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  • Q: What are some treatments for abscesses on the Bartholin's gland?

    A: Treatment options for an abscess on the Bartholin's gland include sitz baths at home and surgical drainage in a medical setting, according to Healthline. Sitz baths relieve discomfort and pain, but they are not a particularly effective cure. Individuals with a Bartholin's gland abscess should take a sitz bath up to four times a day for up to 15 minutes each.
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  • Q: What are Kegel exercises?

    A: Kegel exercises are exercises in which the muscles beneath the bladder, bowel and uterus are tightened and relaxed for 10 repetitions at a time, explains MedlinePlus. The exercises strengthen the pelvic floor, which aids bowel control and minimizes urinary leakage.
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  • Q: What is Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy?

    A: Laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, or LAVH, is a procedure that allows a surgeon to remove a woman's uterus by inserting a laparoscope to view the pelvic organs, explains Mayo Clinic. Doctors perform the surgery by inserting long, slender surgical instruments through abdominal incisions, followed by removal of the uterus through an incision in the vagina. Physicians typically recommend a laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy if there is scar tissue on the pelvic organs as a result of endometriosis or former surgeries.
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  • Q: How is the da Vinci robotic hysterectomy performed?

    A: Surgeons may make a single incision or several small incisions on the belly when performing the da Vinci robotic hysterectomy, explains daVinciSurgery.com. The robotic system translates the hand movements of the surgeon into precise movements of the instruments in the body.
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