Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • Q: What are the layers of the uterus?

    A: The uterus has three layers: the endometrium, the myometrium, and the perimetrium, according to Medscape. Medscape explains that the endometrium is the layer closest to the interior of the uterus, the perimetrium is the outermost layer of the uterus, and the myometrium is the middle layer.
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  • Q: What can you use as a safe and natural personal lubricant?

    A: Aloe gel is one of the safest natural personal lubricants, according to AlterNet. There are also commercial formulas made from natural and organic materials, such as those made by Sliquid.
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  • Q: What is the purpose of an endometrial ablation?

    A: Doctors perform endometrial ablation to treat excessive menstrual bleeding, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients who opt for this procedure often suffer such blood loss that they are anemic.
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  • Q: What are the effects of a partial hysterectomy?

    A: An interruption of ovarian functions, causing symptoms of menopause, such as anxiety, fatigue, unexplained weight gain and mood swings are possible effects of a partial hysterectomy, states HysterectomyRx. Lowered hormonal levels may also cause sexual side effects and increase a woman's chances of developing osteoporosis, claims Herbert A. Goldfarb, M.D.
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  • Q: Do ovaries produce estrogen after menopause?

    A: The ovaries can still produce estrogen after menopause, according to the National Institute of Aging. The ovaries do not necessarily stop producing estrogen. The productions of all female hormones can vary greatly during and after menopause.
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  • Q: Do uterine fibroids cause weight gain?

    A: Weight gain is not a symptom associated with uterine fibroids, according to WebMD. Potential symptoms of uterine fibroids include heavy menstrual periods, prolonged bleeding, frequent urination, and pelvic or abdominal pain and swelling.
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  • Q: What are the symptoms of an ovarian cyst?

    A: Symptoms of an ovarian cyst may include a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, frequent or difficult urination, pelvic area pain, nausea, and breast tenderness, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms are most noticeable with large ovarian cysts.
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  • Q: How is a robotic hysterectomy performed?

    A: Arobotic hysterectomy is performed with instruments that are inserted throughsmaller incisions and manipulated by the surgeon to remove the uterus, notes Mayo Clinic. The 3-D image that a surgeon uses allows for a high level of precision, controland accuracy. The smaller incision allows for quicker healing time and fewer surgical risks.
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  • Q: What is an ovarian neoplasm?

    A: An ovarian neoplasm is simply a growth on the ovary, according to Military Obstetrics and Gynecology. It can be either benign or malignant, slow-growing or aggressive.
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  • Q: How can you get thick hips?

    A: Do exercises that emphasize your hips, including lunges and squats. There are also several yoga poses that accentuate the hips while improving your flexibility. Consume a diet that is rich in carbohydrates and protein but free of junk foods. Stand up with your weight resting on one hip at a time, and sit on your hips often so that fat will build in this part of the body.
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  • How do humans breed?

    Q: How do humans breed?

    A: Humans breed via internal copulation, commonly called sexual intercourse or sex. GUWS Medical notes that internal copulation is an act in which the male reproductive organ enters the female reproductive tract to deliver the male gametes to the female gametes.
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  • Q: What are some causes of feminine odor?

    A: Some common causes of feminine or vaginal odor include poor hygiene, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and retained or forgotten tampons. Less common causes include rectovaginal fistula and cervical and vaginal cancer, according to Mayo Clinic.
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  • Q: What is a Bartholin gland cyst?

    A: A Bartholin gland cyst is a common inflammation that occurs in the Bartholin gland when the vaginal lubricating fluid backs up into the gland as a result of obstruction of the gland's opening, according to Mayo Clinic. In most cases, the cyst heals on its own without any treatment.
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  • What are the symptoms of uterine cysts?

    Q: What are the symptoms of uterine cysts?

    A: Heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, constipation, prolonged menstrual periods and frequent urination are some of the most common symptoms of uterine cysts, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of uterine cysts may vary depending on the size and location of the cysts within the uterus, notes Healthline.
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