Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • Q: Does uterine ablation hurt?

    A: Uterine ablation, also known as endometrial ablation, is usually performed under local or spinal anesthesia, reports WebMD. In some cases, a patient may receive general anesthesia for the 45-minute procedure. However, patients often experience cramping, nausea and a bloody vaginal discharge after the procedure.
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  • Q: What is the umbilical cord attached to?

    A: The umbilical cord is attached on one end to the placenta and on the other end to the fetus. It's the lifeline that allows the fetus to get essential nutrients from the mother's blood.
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  • Q: What are causes of a thick endometrium?

    A: A thick endometrium may be caused by a condition called endometrial hyperplasia, according to HealthGrades. Due to hormonal problems, endometrial hyperplasia causes abnormal thickening of the uterine lining.
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  • Q: How long does a woman's egg live after ovulation?

    A: A woman's egg lives in the uterus for 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. This short time period makes it critical to understand ovulation to increase chances of pregnancy.
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  • Q: Where can you find a graphical depiction of endometriosis?

    A: Graphical depictions of endometriosis are presented online at Womens Surgery Group and the Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago. A slideshow of images that offers a guide to endometriosis is also featured at MedicineNet.
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  • Q: What are the complications of getting pregnant after tubal ligation?

    A: The only complication of getting pregnant after a tubal ligation is that there is a high likelihood of experiencing an ectopic pregnancy, states the American Pregnancy Association. However, tubal ligation is an effective method of preventing pregnancy, so the chances of getting pregnant are very low. Patients who experience signs of pregnancy after having the surgery in the past should seek medical help.
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  • Q: What are some treatments for a vaginal infection?

    A: Vaginal infections are treated based on the symptoms presented, the infection's severity, how long it's been going on, if it has recurred and whether or not a woman is pregnant, notes eMedicineHealth. Several treatments are available, ranging from antibiotics to anti-fungal medication and vaginal suppositories.
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  • Q: What causes a thickened endometrial stripe?

    A: The causes of a thickened endometrial stripe include endometrial cancer and aging – menopausal women typically have thicker endometrial stripes than younger women, according to OncoLink. Medications such as tamoxifen may also cause thickened endometrial stripes, according to BreastCancer.org.
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  • Q: What should you expect after a LEEP procedure?

    A: After a Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure, or LEEP, women can expect to feel tired and have mild cramping for a few hours. LEEP is a gynecological procedure that cuts away abnormal cervical tissue to reduce the risk of cervical cancer, according to WebMD. It is an outpatient procedure that can occur in a doctor’s office, clinic or hospital.
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  • Q: What causes the wall of a uterus to thicken?

    A: The walls of a uterus can thicken due to pregnancy or nonpregnancy-related issues, says Radiopaedia. The uterine lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, can thicken due to the various stages of pregnancy, tumors, cysts, an intrauterine blood clot or endometrial carcinoma.
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  • Q: What parts of the body do you have to push when giving birth?

    A: Termed "bearing down," the last stage of labor includes pushing the baby through the birth canal in a way that many mothers equate to having a bowel movement, according to BabyCenter. Once the cervix is fully dilated to 10 centimeters, a woman is told to push in a downward motion as much as possible with each contraction to begin moving the baby out of the uterus.
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  • What is a fundal fibroid?

    Q: What is a fundal fibroid?

    A: According to Dr. W. David Stinson, fundal fibroids are fibroids that are located in the fundus, which is the top of the uterus. While fibroids can be found anywhere in the uterus, fundal fibroids are the type that occur most frequently. Fibroids are the formation of fibrous connective tissues that make up a mass of cells, resulting in a lump or tumor. These tumors are benign.
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  • Q: What does it mean if your cervix is high, soft and bleeding a lot?

    A: There are several possible causes of cervical bleeding, some of which are quite serious. The NIH recommends that patients with unexplained vaginal bleeding see a doctor, who can examine the cervix in order to determine the cause of the bleeding. The position and texture may have benign hormonal causes and are less worrying.
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  • Q: What are the advantages of an abdominal hysterectomy?

    A: Abdominal hysterectomy may be recommended if an individual has a large uterus, or if a doctor wants to check other pelvic organs for signs of disease, according to Mayo Clinic. It requires less specialized surgical skill and training than a vaginal hysterectomy or a laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy, notes WebMD.
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