Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • Q: Do you bleed when the hymen is broken?

    A: According to the U.K. National Health Service (NHS), a woman does bleed when her hymen breaks, but the bleeding is not necessarily significant enough to be noticeable. The breaking of the hymen does not necessarily lead to pain, either.
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  • What is a fundal fibroid?

    Q: What is a fundal fibroid?

    A: According to Dr. W. David Stinson, fundal fibroids are fibroids that are located in the fundus, which is the top of the uterus. While fibroids can be found anywhere in the uterus, fundal fibroids are the type that occur most frequently. Fibroids are the formation of fibrous connective tissues that make up a mass of cells, resulting in a lump or tumor. These tumors are benign.
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  • What is a calcified uterine fibroid?

    Q: What is a calcified uterine fibroid?

    A: A calcified uterine fibroid is a benign gynecologic tumor that has outgrown its blood supply, leading to degeneration, explains the Fibroid Treatment Collective. Degeneration causes calcium deposition, which results in calcification.
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  • Q: What is the squamocolumnar junction?

    A: The squamocolumnar junction is the area in the cervix where the squamous epithelial cells in the vagina give way to the columnar epithelial cells that are found in the uterus, according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The exact location of the squamocolumnar junction depends on the age of the woman, whether or not she is menstruating, pregnant, has given birth or is taking oral contraception.
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  • Q: Which herbs can be used for treating cervical dystonia?

    A: No herbs are used to treat cervical dystonia, explains Mayo Clinic. Typical treatments include medications and physical therapy, as well as procedures such as Botox injections and deep-brain stimulation. Though there is no cure for the condition, these treatments may reduce symptoms and pain.
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  • Q: What does a bump on the cervix mean?

    A: According to Healthline and WebMD, a bump on the cervix can be a sign of a nabothian cyst, a cervical polyp or cervical cancer. Nabothian cysts are mucus-filled sacs that grow on the cervix wall and do not usually pose a health risk. Cervical polyps, growths that develop on the cervix, are usually benign and do not require treatment. Cervical cancer, however, which may pose a serious life risk.
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  • Q: What should you expect after a laparoscopic hysterectomy?

    A: The recovery period for a laparoscopic hysterectomy, the least invasive of all hysterectomy procedures, ranges from six days to two weeks, according to WebMD. Menopausal symptoms typically begin for women who are not post-menopausal prior to the surgery if their ovaries are removed with the uterus.
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  • Q: What are the symptoms of a large ovarian cyst?

    A: Symptoms of a large ovarian cyst include a dull ache in the pelvic area that may radiate to the thighs and lower back and pelvic pain at the very beginning and end of a menstrual period, says Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are painful intercourse and pain when moving the bowels.
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  • Q: Why would an abnormal pap smear lead to a D&C?

    A: Abnormal pap smear results lead to D&C exams primarily in cases in which the pap test does not indicate the place from which the abnormalities originate, according to ehealthMD. Physicians use tissue collected from D&C exams to locate the abnormal cells.
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  • Q: What are some effective treatments for yeast infections?

    A: The standard treatment for yeast infection is the topical application of antifungal medication to the affected area, according to MedicineNet. Some common over-the-counter yeast infection preparations include Mycelex or Lotrimin, which contain clotrimazole, and Micantin or Monistat, which contain miconazole. Treatment length varies from one to seven days.
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  • Q: What are some pros and cons of the NovaSure procedure?

    A: NovaSure endometrial ablation is a procedure that can reduce or eliminate menstrual bleeding, but some women may experience temporary side effects such as cramping, pain, nausea or vomiting, explains the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Hologic. In rare cases, it may cause injury or infection.
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  • Q: How long does it take to recover after a hysteroscopy, D and C, and NovaSure procedure?

    A: According to the Johns Hopkins Medicine, recovery time for a hysteroscopy D and C, and NovaSure procedure varies based on the patient and the type of anesthesia administered. If the operation is performed on an outpatient basis, the patient may leave the hospital after two hours. Recovery takes several days.
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  • Q: Does pelvic pain on the right side mean you have endometriosis?

    A: Pelvic pain on the right side may be caused by endometriosis, but also may be caused by many things including appendicitis, mittelschmerz, ovarian cysts or urinary tract infections, according to WebMD. Other reasons for right side pelvic pain include kidney stones and a sexually transmitted disease.
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  • Q: What is transvaginal mesh?

    A: Transvaginal mesh is a medical device doctors use to treat women with pelvic floor disorders, states Mayo Clinic. The surgical mesh is composed of synthetic materials and provides support when a surgeon repairs damaged or weakened tissue.
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