Reproductive Anatomy

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According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.

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  • What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    Q: What is the difference between fecundity and fertility?

    A: Fertility is the natural capacity to produce offspring, whereas fecundity is the potential capacity for reproduction, according to Biology Online. Although the terms are often used interchangeably in common language, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research explains how they take on very distinct meanings when discussing matters of demographics and human population trends.
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  • How often do men produce sperm?

    Q: How often do men produce sperm?

    A: Men produce sperm on a continuous basis. An average man produces over one million sperm a day, according to MSN Health; however, this may vary in men with a sperm count that is considered low.
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  • How many days does ovulation last?

    Q: How many days does ovulation last?

    A: According to American Pregnancy, ovulation itself lasts only one day while an egg is detached from the ovary follicle. However, the entire ovulation cycle is composed of two longer phases called the follicular and luteal phases.
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  • How much does a uterus weigh?

    Q: How much does a uterus weigh?

    A: According to ob-gyn Dr. Deborah Wilson, the size of the human uterus varies. However, she does stipulate that the organ generally weighs between 0.06 and 0.22 pounds. Dr. Wilson adds that the uteruses in women who have not given birth are generally smaller in size than in those who have.
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  • What is a fetal pole?

    Q: What is a fetal pole?

    A: A fetal pole is a collection of fetal cells that can be detected via vaginal ultrasound around the sixth week of pregnancy. Separate from the yolk sac, it is considered the somite stage of the fetus.
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  • What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    Q: What happens to an unfertilized egg?

    A: A human egg that is not fertilized breaks apart and is expelled from the body during menstruation. According to Women's Health, hormone levels start to drop after the egg breaks apart, triggering the onset of menstruation.
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  • How do humans mate?

    Q: How do humans mate?

    A: According to David M. Buss of the University of Texas at Austin, humans depend on several successful strategies for mating, which they inherited from their ancestors. These strategies include: long-term, short-term and extra-pair mating. However, each sex has different mating strategies including the type of mate preferred, the desire for short-term versus long-term mating and the ways in which jealousy results.
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  • Q: What is a pelvic exam?

    A: A pelvic exam is when a doctor examines a woman's reproductive organs. According to the Mayo Clinic, a pelvic exam includes the examination of the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, rectum, ovaries and pelvis.
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  • Q: What are the benefits of having the da Vinci surgery for a hysterectomy?

    A: The benefits of having the da Vinci surgery for a hysterectomy include less pain, reduced blood loss and lower risk of infection, according to UCLA Health. The patient also has a shorter stay in the hospital and a shorter recovery time over all.
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  • Q: What is cervical erosion?

    A: Cervical erosion is a condition in which the uterine cervix appears red, raw and granular, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The cervical canal's lining is thinner than the cervix lining. During pregnancy, menstruation or when taking oral contraceptives, the cervical canal's lining moves out towards the top of the cervix and covers it, causing a disproportionate amount of discharge or bleeding to occur, especially after intercourse.
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  • Q: Do you bleed when the hymen is broken?

    A: According to the U.K. National Health Service (NHS), a woman does bleed when her hymen breaks, but the bleeding is not necessarily significant enough to be noticeable. The breaking of the hymen does not necessarily lead to pain, either.
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  • Q: What causes a blighted ovum?

    A: Miscarriage from a blighted ovum is usually caused by genetic chromosomal defects in the fertilized ovum, according to WebMD. A blighted ovum is a fertilized egg that implants in the uterus, but then fails to develop into an embryo.
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  • Q: What happens during a hysterectomy surgery?

    A: During hysterectomy surgery, a woman's uterus is completely or partially removed, according to WebMD. The surgeon may remove only the top of the uterus and leave the neck, or cervix. Both the cervix and the uterus proper may be removed.
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  • Q: Why do ovarian dermoid cysts grow back after removal?

    A: Researchers hypothesize that ovarian dermoid cysts may recur in procedures where the surgeon does not have a clear enough view of the pelvis and is unaware that a second cyst exists, according to Women's Health Advice. Laparoscopies, while less intrusive than laparotomies, have an ovarian dermoid cyst recurrence rate of 7 percent within two years following surgery. Laparatomies have a recurrence rate of approximately 0 percent, although the length of hospitalization and associated blood loss are both higher.
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  • What instruments are used for a pap smear?

    Q: What instruments are used for a pap smear?

    A: The Medical Center of the University of Rochester explains that a speculum, cervical brush and a glass slide are used during a pap smear along with a preserving solution. The metal or plastic speculum is inserted into the vagina and opens the walls to make the cervix accessible to perform the test. The cervical brush collects cervical cells from the inner and outer surfaces of the cervix.
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  • What is a calcified uterine fibroid?

    Q: What is a calcified uterine fibroid?

    A: A calcified uterine fibroid is a benign gynecologic tumor that has outgrown its blood supply, leading to degeneration, explains the Fibroid Treatment Collective. Degeneration causes calcium deposition, which results in calcification.
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  • Q: What is involved in laparoscopic surgery and ovary removal?

    A: An oophorectomy, or ovary removal, can be performed either through traditional open abdominal surgery or laparoscopically. A laparoscopic oophorectomy involves making three to four small incisions in the abdomen and using a special camera and tools to remove the ovaries. In some cases, a laparoscopic oophorectomy may be robotically assisted. During a robotically assisted laparoscopic oophorectomy, the surgeon uses a special three-dimensional monitor and hand controls to control the surgical equipment, explains Mayo Clinic.
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  • Q: What aftercare is required after a myomectomy?

    A: The aftercare for myomectomy includes avoiding driving, climbing stairs, lifting heavy objects and vigorously exercising until fully recovered, according to the Mayo Clinic. It also recommends that the use of tampons be avoided during the recovery period.
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  • Q: How are fibroids removed from the uterus?

    A: Fibroids are removed from the uterus by procedures such as focused ultrasound surgery, uterine artery embolization, myolysis or cryomyolysis, and laparoscopic or hysteroscopic myomectomy, according to the Mayo Clinic. They can also be removed via endometrial ablation, abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy.
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  • Q: What does "dropped cervix" mean?

    A: According to WebMD, a dropped cervix refers to varying degrees of a prolapsed uterus. A uterus becomes prolapsed when it, in whole or in part, sags into the vagina.
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  • Q: What is the purpose of the cervix?

    A: The cervix serves several purposes in the female reproductive system, including dilation during menstruation and childbirth and constricting during pregnancy, according to Women's Health. The cervix is a sphincter located between the vagina and uterus with an opening called the cervical os.
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