According to the Institute of Medicine, an adequate intake of water for men is about 13 cups per day. For women, an adequate intake is 9 cups per day. These figures are based on average healthy adults who live in a mild climate.
A:The effects of sodium in the human body include maintaining electrolyte balance in the bloodstream and the proper working of the nervous and muscular systems. HealthCentral says that sodium is an important determinant of the volume of blood in the body and is an important factor in determining blood pressure. About 85 percent of sodium in the human body is found in blood and lymph fluid.
A:Humans with normal health can survive without water for three to five days. The exact amount of time varies based on the size of the person, the environment the person is in and the person's specific state of health.
A:According to MedlinePlus, milk-alkali syndrome results from the presence of excess calcium in the body and can lead to a person losing his kidney function. Too much calcium in the body shifts the body's acid/base balance toward alkaline. Vitamin D toxicity is another possible result from drinking too much milk.
A:To lower blood pressure, increase daily intake of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and low-fat dairy, according to Mayo Clinic. It is important to avoid excessive sugar, caffeine, sodium and alcohol. Eating foods rich in potassium is thought to mitigate damage caused by sodium.
A:Orange juice is healthy in moderation. It is a good source of vitamin C and also contains other important nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, thiamin and folate. It is also fat-free and low in sodium. However, an 8-ounce glass has 110 calories, so moderation is advised.
A:According to WebMD, eating 1,200 calories a day is safe. A recommended, safe way to lose weight is to eat 1,000 to 1,200 calories a day and exercise for at least an hour a day. Eating fewer calories on a regular basis is not recommended unless under the direct supervision of a physician.
A:The New York Times explains that a nutritious meal includes foods from the dairy, fruit, vegetable, grain, oil and meat and beans groups. Nutritious meals are a part of a well-balanced diet that provides enough energy and nutrition for growth and development. The New York Times provides a list of foods included in each food group.
A:The United States Department of Agriculture recommends that adult females consume 2 to 2 1/2 cups of vegetables and 1 1/2 to 2 cups of fruit per day. The recommended servings for adult males are 2 1/2 to 3 cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruit per day.
A:People eat healthy foods because they are important sources of mineral compounds and nutrients required for a healthy body, according to livelifewell.nsw.gov.au. These nutrients provide energy and keep the heart beating, the brain active and the muscles working. Nutrients also strengthen bones, muscles and tendons and regulate body systems such as blood pressure.
A:Grapes are not fattening if they are eaten according to normal serving sizes. According to WebMD, one cup of grapes has around 100 calories, which makes them a healthy snack. The same amount of grapes has less than one gram of fat.
A:According to the Institute of Medicine, an adequate intake of water for men is about 13 cups per day. For women, an adequate intake is 9 cups per day. These figures are based on average healthy adults who live in a mild climate.
A:The number of calories a person needs per day varies based on height, weight, gender, age and activity level. To calculate the total number of calories a person needs per day, take into account the body's basal metabolic rate, the person's physical activity level and the thermic effect of food.
A:Find free carbohydrate counters at CarbsControl.com and Atkins.com. These no-cost applications include carbohydrate counters and additional features for those on low-carbohydrate diets. Download these applications on iTunes or Google Play.
A:An abnormally high level of potassium in your blood can lead to a wide range of symptoms, some of which can be fatal according to WebMD. The most life-threatening symptoms that can occur include changes in heart rhythm, which can cause the heart to stop beating in extreme cases.
A:Foods containing trans fatty acids or saturated fats tend to raise levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which research links to cardiovascular disease. Most animal-based foods contain saturated fat and so do palm and coconut oil. Fried foods and processed foods are the major sources of trans fatty acids.