Menstruation

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According to Everyday Health, period cramps cause mild to severe lower abdominal pain and aches that are intense, causing a female to be uncomfortable. However, some females even experience nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.

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  • How much blood do you lose during your period?

    Q: How much blood do you lose during your period?

    A: According to WebMD, a woman typically loses between 4 and 12 teaspoons of blood during her period. Though the average period lasts three to five days, it is considered normal for a period to run between two and seven days.
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  • How long does PMS last?

    Q: How long does PMS last?

    A: According to WebMD, PMS symptoms last as long as seven days. These symptoms usually begin about five days before a woman's period and continue for two days after the period begins.
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  • What causes hot flashes after menopause?

    Q: What causes hot flashes after menopause?

    A: As of 2015, there is still debate about the mechanism that causes hot flashes after menopause, but most experts believe it involves decreased estrogen production and its effects on the hypothalamus, notes Healthline. The hypothalamus controls body temperature, and estrogen reduction potentially causes erroneous heat detection by the brain.
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  • How often do women have a period?

    Q: How often do women have a period?

    A: According to the Office on Women's Health, the average woman has a period every 28 days. It's not uncommon for the time between periods to vary anywhere between 21 and 35 days.
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  • Can stress cause a late period?

    Q: Can stress cause a late period?

    A: According to HealthCentral, experiencing more stress than usual is a common reason for woman to have a late or missed menstrual period. High stress levels can cause ovulation to not occur or to be delayed, and not ovulating can result in a missed period.
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  • Why am I bleeding when it is not time for my period?

    Q: Why am I bleeding when it is not time for my period?

    A: Bleeding between periods, also known as breakthrough bleeding, has many causes, according to WebMD. Mid-cycle bleeding often is associated with normal ovulation, and many women experience small amounts of bleeding between periods when they are taking birth control pills. Other causes include polycystic ovary syndrome, uterine fibroids, intrauterine devices and infections, including sexually transmitted diseases and pelvic inflammatory disease.
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  • What is the postnatal period?

    Q: What is the postnatal period?

    A: According to About Kids Health, the postnatal period is the six weeks immediately following childbirth. This is a time when a woman's body changes from being pregnant to a post-pregnant state. What a woman can expect during this period depends in part on whether she experienced a vaginal or Caesarean delivery.
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  • Why do period cramps hurt so much?

    Q: Why do period cramps hurt so much?

    A: Period cramps hurt because of a chemical called prostaglandin, according to the Cleveland Clinic. During the period, this chemical causes stronger uterine contractions. This, in turn, restricts the supply of oxygen to nearby blood vessels, causing pain.
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  • Why does your period come early?

    Q: Why does your period come early?

    A: There are many reasons why a woman’s period might come early, including severe weight loss or gain, certain medications, metabolic syndromes, endocrine disorders, stress or the onset of perimenopause. Experts consulted by Health magazine recommend seeing a gynecologist within three months of a sudden period change to rule out underlying health problems that could require immediate treatment.
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  • What does PMS mean?

    Q: What does PMS mean?

    A: PMS is premenstrual syndrome, a condition that affects menstruating women and is characterized by a variety of physical and psychological symptoms that appear from ovulation to the onset of menstrual flow, according to MedicineNet. Approximately 90 percent of women suffer from PMS symptoms at some point in their lives.
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  • Can stress cause bleeding between periods?

    Q: Can stress cause bleeding between periods?

    A: In some rare cases, excessive stress causes bleeding between periods. It is more common that another condition is responsible, such as pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome, infection, pelvic inflammatory disease or side effects of medication, according to WebMD. Bleeding between periods sometimes also indicates rarer but more serious conditions, such as uterine fibroids, polyps, cancer of the reproductive organs, hypothyroidism or diabetes.
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  • How do you get through PMS depression?

    Q: How do you get through PMS depression?

    A: To treat depression related to a woman's menstrual cycle, MedlinePlus recommends making healthy lifestyle changes to improve fitness and dietary habits, such as engaging in frequent physical activity and eating a diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Caffeine, alcohol, sugar and salt are all known to exacerbate symptoms related to depression. Patients may also seek professional psychological counseling or take antidepressants during the second half of their cycle.
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  • Can I menstruate while I'm pregnant?

    Q: Can I menstruate while I'm pregnant?

    A: According to Columbia University, it is rare, but possible, for a woman to menstruate when she is pregnant. In a very few cases, a woman's menstrual cycle may continue throughout the first trimester of pregnancy.
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  • At what age do women stop menstruating?

    Q: At what age do women stop menstruating?

    A: According to WebMD, women stop menstruating at different times, but most women stop in their 50s. When women stop menstruating for at least one year, they are said to be in menopause, which marks the end of their childbearing years.
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  • What does it mean if you miss your period?

    Q: What does it mean if you miss your period?

    A: According to WebMD, a missed menstrual period commonly indicates pregnancy. If pregnancy isn't the cause, then it can be due to weight gain or loss, eating disorders, emotional stress, illness, increased exercise, travel, hormone problems, breastfeeding, birth control or illegal drug use.
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  • What do period cramps feel like?

    Q: What do period cramps feel like?

    A: According to Everyday Health, period cramps cause mild to severe lower abdominal pain and aches that are intense, causing a female to be uncomfortable. However, some females even experience nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
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  • What types of foods can you eat to make your period come faster?

    Q: What types of foods can you eat to make your period come faster?

    A: Foods high in vitamin C such as parsley, ginger and dong quai have been known to induce periods early or starting delayed periods. Parsley tea and cranberry juice are convenient methods of increasing vitamin C intake, but supplements made of pure ascorbic acid and devoid of flavonoids are also recommended.
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  • Q: How do you make your period come?

    A: When a woman of childbearing age, approximately 15 to 44, does not have a regular menstrual cycle, a period can be induced by administration of hormones, according to WebMD. Additionally, treatment of any underlying disease causing the menstrual irregularities may cause the woman's period to resume regularly.
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  • Q: What is wrong if you have two menstrual periods in one month?

    A: A woman who experiences two periods in one month may be reacting to a medication, have thyroid imbalances such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, or suffer from uterine polyps or fibroids, according to EmpowHER. Extreme weight fluctuations and excessive stress can also cause complications with a woman's menstrual cycle.
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  • Why do women have periods?

    Q: Why do women have periods?

    A: Menstrual periods allow the female body to discharge excess uterine tissue and eggs when fertilization doesn't occur, according to KidsHealth. In preparation for ovulation, the hormone estrogen causes the uterine lining to thicken with extra tissue and blood, creating a cushioned surface for a fertilized egg to attach to. Instead of attaching, an unfertilized egg passes out of the body through the vagina, and the unneeded tissue is shed.
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  • Q: What causes a short menstrual period?

    A: A short menstrual cycle, which is defined as one that lasts fewer than 21 days, typically signifies that ovulation has not occurred or that it has occurred early in the monthly cycle, according to Shady Grove Fertility. Shorter cycles become common as women age and the available number of eggs in the ovaries decreases. This causes the brain to release additional hormones, resulting in early or absent ovulation.
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