Medications & Vitamins

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According to Medical News Today, the numbing effects of local anesthesia last between 30 minutes to four hours. Doctors often determine how long it lasts depending on the amount and strength of the anesthetic used.

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  • Does Aspirin Lower Blood Pressure?

    Q: Does Aspirin Lower Blood Pressure?

    A: Recent studies indicate that aspirin does indeed lower blood pressure if taken at night. US News reports that aspirin can inhibit hormonal changes that are involved in blood clotting. Scientists speculate that aspirin is more fully absorbed during sleep cycles.
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  • How Does Citric Acid Affect the Body?

    Q: How Does Citric Acid Affect the Body?

    A: Citric acid occurs naturally: it is found primarily in citrus fruits and some berries, and provides critical immune system support and essential nutrients. Citric acid, also called ascorbic acid, is found in lemons, grapefruit, and oranges along with some berries like blueberries and strawberries. It is a relatively weak acid; nevertheless, it plays an important role in maintaining human health according to the Mayo Clinic.
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  • What Are the Active Ingredients in Advil?

    Q: What Are the Active Ingredients in Advil?

    A: Advil has one primary active ingredient, ibuprofen, which is an analgesic that is designed to temporarily reduce minor aches and pains and eliminate fever, according to manufacturer Pfizer Consumer Healthcare. Ibuprofen is classified as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. While the ingredient is primarily used to treat joint or muscular discomfort, headache or the flu, it may be used to treat menstrual pain, restlessness and allergies.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Caplets and Tablets?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Caplets and Tablets?

    A: Tablets are solid forms of medication that are compressed into small, circular or oblong shaped discs. Caplets are smaller versions of tablets that have a smoother surface, which makes them easier to swallow. Both caplets and tablets can be broken up and crushed into smaller doses.
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  • What Gauge Needles Are Used for an Intramuscular Injection?

    Q: What Gauge Needles Are Used for an Intramuscular Injection?

    A: Scott & White Healthcare states that a needle gauge between 22 and 25 is ideal for an intramuscular injection. The needle length varies depending on the size and age of the individual receiving the injection, but gauge does not matter.
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  • What Does Penicillin Do?

    Q: What Does Penicillin Do?

    A: Penicillin treats different illnesses by preventing the spread of bacteria, according to MedicineNet. It treats such ailments as middle ear infections, laryngitis, bronchitis and urinary tract infections.
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  • Is Aspirin an Anti-Inflammatory?

    Q: Is Aspirin an Anti-Inflammatory?

    A: According to WebMD, aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Aspirin helps to lessen pain and swelling by blocking a naturally occurring substance in the body. Common benefits from using aspirin include fever reduction and relief from mild to moderate pain from muscle aches, toothaches, headaches and the common cold.
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  • How Can I Lose Weight After Taking Steroids?

    Q: How Can I Lose Weight After Taking Steroids?

    A: According to Amber J. Tresca on About.com, the side effect of prednisone, a type of steroid, is weight gain, which tends to reverse once the person stops taking the drug or reduces the amount to 10 milligrams or less per day. A healthy diet and exercise also help eliminate weight gain.
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  • What Are Dosage Calculations for Nursing Students?

    Q: What Are Dosage Calculations for Nursing Students?

    A: Dosage calculations allow nurses to determine the appropriate dose of a medication for patients. Dosage calculations involve unit conversions, dosage by weight and volume over time.
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  • What Is the Difference Between a Drug and a Medicine?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between a Drug and a Medicine?

    A: A medicine is any substance that is designed to prevent or treat diseases and a drug is designed to produce a specific reaction inside the body. While there is considerable overlap between the two types of substances, these differences are also quite important.
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  • What Are Some of the Active Ingredients in Antacids and How Do They Work?

    Q: What Are Some of the Active Ingredients in Antacids and How Do They Work?

    A: Depending upon the brand name, some of the active ingredients found in antacids include magnesium carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate. These substances are bases, and can help to neutralize the stomach acidity that causes discomfort by increasing the pH level. Over-the-counter brand-name medications, such as Maalox, Tums, Rolaids, Brioschi, Pepto-Bismol, Alka-Seltzer and Mylanta, are all antacids.
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  • Can I Take Excedrin Migraine While Pregnant?

    Q: Can I Take Excedrin Migraine While Pregnant?

    A: According to Drugs.com, taking Excedrin Migraine while pregnant may cause heart defects in the unborn child. Additionally, birth weight may be diminished due to the drug, which is a combination of acetaminophen, aspirin and caffeine. Breastfeeding is not advised as the drug can pass through breast milk.
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  • Does Vitamin B12 Make You Gain Weight?

    Q: Does Vitamin B12 Make You Gain Weight?

    A: Drugs.com reports that rapid weight gain is one of the common side effects of vitamin B12 injections. Swelling, diarrhea and a mild rash are also side effects that people commonly experience when they have a vitamin B12 injection. Doctors administer these injections to treat patients whose vitamin B12 deficiency has led to pernicious anemia or another medical condition.
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  • What Are Five Facts About Morphine?

    Q: What Are Five Facts About Morphine?

    A: WebMD provides some interesting facts about morphine. This drug is a very strong pain medication. It is taken orally, intravenously or by injection. Morphine has a high risk for abuse. In some instances, it causes severe or even fatal breathing problems. Users sometimes experience withdrawal reactions.
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  • Why Do We Need Magnesium?

    Q: Why Do We Need Magnesium?

    A: Magnesium is crucial to help maintain energy levels, keep the heart and blood vessels healthy and help with relaxation, according to Doctor Oz. It also helps relieve constipation and is a key ingredient in over-the-counter laxatives.
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  • Where Does Morphine Come From?

    Q: Where Does Morphine Come From?

    A: Morphine is a naturally occurring compound alkaloid from the opium family, developed and first tested early in the 19th century by a German pharmacist's assistant, according to Dr. Ananya Mandal for News-Medical. Opium is harvested as a sticky residue after the sides of the poppy plant are scored, notes Wikipedia.
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  • What Are the Different Kinds of Antacids?

    Q: What Are the Different Kinds of Antacids?

    A: The most commonly available antacids are sodium bicarbonate, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide and calcium carbonate. They are generally available in tablet or liquid form. Tablets are slower acting and less powerful than liquids but are more convenient to carry around.
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  • What Is Testosterone Cream for Men?

    Q: What Is Testosterone Cream for Men?

    A: A testosterone cream helps the levels of testosterone revert to normal levels in those men who are unable to produce sufficient quantities of testosterone. Testosterone plays a critical role in male health. Creams are a preferable option to shots for many men.
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  • What Are the Health Side Effects of Eating Too Many Cough Drops?

    Q: What Are the Health Side Effects of Eating Too Many Cough Drops?

    A: Some of the side effects of eating too many cough drops include rapid or shallow breathing, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, rapid heart beat or dizziness. While it's possible to experience these symptoms, people are not likely to consume enough cough drops to cause any serious harm.
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  • What Is a Good Source of Vitamin E?

    Q: What Is a Good Source of Vitamin E?

    A: Good sources of vitamin E include sunflower seeds, almonds, spinach, avocados, peanuts and beet greens, according to the World's Healthiest Foods website. Seafood that is high in vitamin E includes shrimp, sardines, cod and salmon.
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  • Can You Take Ibuprofen With an Ulcer?

    Q: Can You Take Ibuprofen With an Ulcer?

    A: According to WebMD, taking ibuprofen with an ulcer can be extremely dangerous and possibly life-threatening. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, also referred to as an NSAID. NSAIDs can cause increased abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, dark stools and internal bleeding. It is important for individuals with ulcers to discuss their pain medication options with a health professional before consuming any NSAID medication.
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