The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute shows normal ranges for the most common values detected on a blood test, including red blood cell count, white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin, hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume. The NHLBI also gives normal ranges for blood glucose levels and lipoproteins such as cholesterol. Abnormal results can indicate disease as well as issues with diet, menstrual cycle, physical activity levels, alcohol intake and medicines.
According to Dictionary.com, uraemia, or uremia, is when the waste products that are normally expelled through the urine, such as urea, are backing up into the blood. It is from the Greek words "ouron," meaning urine, and "haima," meaning blood.
According to Mayo Clinic, typical blood sugar levels in a toddler fall between 100 and 200 mg/dL, with an average of around 70 to 90 mg/dL. A blood sugar level outside of these amounts could be an indicator of diabetes.
According to Sciences 360, hormones affect many facets of human behavior, including emotions, health, sexual attraction and even weight. Sciences 360 defines hormones as chemicals created by a cell or organ that communicate to another cell or organ to help to regulate normal body functions such as sleeping and eating.
According to Mayo Clinic, the point at which a fever becomes dangerous depends upon age and other accompanying symptoms. It is generally advised to seek treatment if the fever rises above 102 degrees Fahrenheit in adults and children over 3 months old.
One should see the doctor if her blood pressure measures above 140/90 over the course of two measurements, states WebMD. It is also important to schedule an appointment if one begins experiencing side effects from blood pressure medicine or if normally controlled blood pressure goes above normal range.
On average, human beings spend 33 percent of their lives sleeping, according to Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation. This amounts to about eight hours per day. While not everything is known about sleep, it is a critical physiological need of human beings and other animals.
A low body temperature indicates either exposure to cold weather or a decrease in the body's metabolic rate. It can also indicate both. Left unchecked, it may progress to hypothermia, a potentially life-threatening condition. According to Dictionary.com, hypothermia is an abnormal decrease in body temperature.
In women, normal progesterone levels from the first to the 14th day of the menstrual cycle are less than 1 nanogram per milliliter, according to WebMD. From the 15 until the 28th day of the menstrual cycle, normal progesterone levels are around 2 to 25 nanograms per milliliter. In men, normal values are less than 1 nanogram per milliliter.
If a sound level of 85 decibels is endured for eight hours, permanent damage can result. At 100 decibels, permanent damage can result after as little as 15 minutes. Above 120 decibels, the damage can be both permanent and immediate.
For college-age individuals, reaction times to light stimuli have been published as 190 milliseconds, or 0.19 seconds, and to auditory stimuli as 160 milliseconds, or 0.16 seconds. Human reaction times vary according to the type of stimuli, the method of measurement and the particular study's results.
The normal range of the thyroid hormone triiodothyronine goes from 100 to 200 nanograms per deciliter of blood, and the normal range for thyroxine is from 4.5 to 11.2 micrograms per deciliter, according to MedlinePlus. Abnormal amounts of these hormones may indicate an overactive or underactive thyroid.
According to WebMD, the first symptom of a blood clot inside the calf, also known as a deep vein thrombosis, varies from person to person. Common symptoms include calf pain, weakness, swelling or the appearance of bulging surface veins. Deep vein thrombosis can also be present without any symptoms. This is dangerous, because the blood clot can break free and travel to block more critical blood vessels.
Respiration is important because it produces energy that is essential for the normal functioning of the body. Respiration provides cells with oxygen and expels toxic carbon dioxide. The BBC notes that cells need energy for movement, multiplication, the synthesis of essential molecules and maintaining body temperature.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, radon levels above 4 pCi/L (picocuries per liter) are dangerous. People who live in homes where the average radon level is more than 4 pCi/L should alter their home to reduce the radon level.
Stage four of non-REM sleep is the deepest stage of sleep, according to Psych Central. Stage four is also called delta sleep because of the deep, slow delta waves of the brain during this part of the sleep cycle, which lasts about 30 minutes.
The highest fever ever recorded was 115.7 degrees Fahrenheit. This fever was reported in the Lawrence Journal-World, in July of 1980. A 51-year-old man named Willie Jones suffered heat stroke on July 10, 1980, when the temperature outside was 90 degrees Fahrenheit. He received treatment and survived the fever.
According to WebMD, a normal blood pressure is lower than 120/80. This means that the systolic number is 120 or lower, and the diastolic number is 80 or lower. The systolic number measures artery pressure when the heart contracts. The diastolic number measures artery pressure between heartbeats.
According to Curiosity.com, the human body grows steadily from birth to late teens, at which point the skeletal system has fully formed. However, a few studies have found that both the pelvis and skull continue to grow after the teen years.
A diabetic keeps his blood sugar levels within a normal range by using the medication his doctor prescribes, consuming a healthy diet and participating in regular activity, according to Mayo Clinic. Even with careful control, blood sugars change quickly, making regular monitoring essential.
According to the Cleveland Clinic, the skin of an average adult weighs about 6 pounds. Skin covers about 22 square feet of space and renews itself about every 27 days. It is the body's largest organ and plays a critical role in protecting the body from infections and the elements.
To increase their platelet count, individuals need to treat the underlying cause of thrombocytopenia, according to WebMD. For example, if thrombocytopenia arises because of an infection, treating it can raise the platelet count.