Fitness & Exercise

A:

A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.

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  • Can Kids Get a Good Workout From Playing Video Games?

    Q: Can Kids Get a Good Workout From Playing Video Games?

    A: If the video game requires the player to stand and move, there is evidence to suggest that playing video games actually can provide a physical workout that can be appropriate for children. Sedentary children who spend a lot of time indoors may benefit from adding active video games, or "exergames," to their entertainment routines. To get the full benefit of an exercise replacement, children who play exergames must engage in the physical aspect of the game in a moderate to intense level of exertion.
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  • How Can I Get a Full-Body Workout Without Lifting Weights?

    Q: How Can I Get a Full-Body Workout Without Lifting Weights?

    A: Exercises such as squats, push-ups, lunges, crunches, jumping jacks and planks in different variations all lend themselves to an effective full-body workout without the use of any equipment or weights, according to Men's Fitness. The human body offers a great form of resistance and can essentially be used as its own weight machine when utilized creatively.
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  • Where Can I Find a Good Exercise Program?

    Q: Where Can I Find a Good Exercise Program?

    A: A good exercise program can be found for sale or for free; The Beach Body website sells fitness programs, but other websites offer free exercise programs. For example, Muscle and Fitness, Oxygen Magazine and Fox News provide a multitude of workouts and diet plans, plus tips and suggestions for equipment and clothing for both women and men. Local fitness centers also offer proper fitness training and structured exercise programs.
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  • Why Does Your Heart Rate Increase During Exercise?

    Q: Why Does Your Heart Rate Increase During Exercise?

    A: According to the British Journal of Anaesthesia, heart rate rises during exercise in order to increase cardiac output, compensating for increased blood flow demand to working muscles. Blood flow to the muscles is increased because of the increased workload, nutrient demand and metabolic demands of the body.
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  • How Do You Develop High Arches?

    Q: How Do You Develop High Arches?

    A: High arches, or cavus foot, often develops due to neurological disorders or medical conditions such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, polio or stroke. In other cases, however, high arches come from an inherited structural abnormality.
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  • What Is Bouldering?

    Q: What Is Bouldering?

    A: Bouldering is a style of rock climbing. Whereas some forms of rock climbing require ropes, harnesses, and other equipment, climbers only rely on climbing shoes and chalk when bouldering. The activity typically takes place on lower elevation surfaces, which sets bouldering apart from free soloing, a type of standard rock climbing that also eschews the use of ropes and harnesses.
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  • What Is the World Record for Most Pinky Pull-Ups?

    Q: What Is the World Record for Most Pinky Pull-Ups?

    A: The record for the most consecutive pinky pull-ups was set in 2014 when Maibam Itomba Meitei did 16 consecutive pull-ups with his pinkies, according to the Guinness World Records organization. Metei set the record by using only his little fingers to perform full pull-ups in which his chin cleared the pull-up bar.
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  • How Can You Become Flexible Enough to Do the Splits?

    Q: How Can You Become Flexible Enough to Do the Splits?

    A: To become flexible enough to do the splits, a person should perform stretches in the proper order, according to the Huffington Post. Consistency, visualization, resistance training and sleep are also important.
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  • What Are the Components of Physical Fitness?

    Q: What Are the Components of Physical Fitness?

    A: The five components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition, according to FitDay. There is unanimous agreement in the fitness community that these are the five components of physical fitness though the definition of what level of fitness needs to be achieved is a personal one, according to Functional Fitness Facts.
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  • How Long Does It Take to Hike the Pacific Crest Trail?

    Q: How Long Does It Take to Hike the Pacific Crest Trail?

    A: It takes the average thru hiker about five months to complete the entire 2,650 miles of the Pacific Crest Trail, though according to the Pacific Crest Trail Association, some experienced hikers have managed to traverse the entire trail in less than 100 days. The trail runs through the Pacific states of Washington, Oregon and California, connecting Canada and Mexico with trailheads at each respective border.
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  • What Is the Normal Heart Rate for a 70 Year Old Woman After Moderate Exercise?

    Q: What Is the Normal Heart Rate for a 70 Year Old Woman After Moderate Exercise?

    A: The normal heart rate for a 70-year-old woman after moderate intensity exercise is between 75 and 105 beats per minute. The maximum heart rate for a 70-year-old woman is 150 beats per minute.
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  • How Much Does a Standard Barbell Weigh?

    Q: How Much Does a Standard Barbell Weigh?

    A: Reference.com states that a standard barbell weighs about ten kilograms. This amount can vary depending on the country in which the barbell was manufactured, as well the barbell's intended use and who it will be used by.
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  • How Long Is a 3k Run?

    Q: How Long Is a 3k Run?

    A: A 3k run is 3 kilometers in length. This is equal to approximately 1.86 miles. The amount of time it takes to complete a 3k run depends on how fast a person runs.
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  • How Does Sleep Affect Sports Performance?

    Q: How Does Sleep Affect Sports Performance?

    A: According to ABC News, sleep affects athletic performance because getting sufficient sleep helps an athlete to focus mentally and recover from training. Being mentally focused allows an athlete to prepare, and an athlete obtains the full benefits from his training during sleep.
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  • How Long Should I Ride My Stationary Bike?

    Q: How Long Should I Ride My Stationary Bike?

    A: According to Technogym, a person needs to ride the stationary bike at least 150 minutes a week to get the ideal level of physical activity. The website further recommends doing this for at least three months.
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  • What Are Some Fun Cardio Workouts?

    Q: What Are Some Fun Cardio Workouts?

    A: Ideas to make a cardio workout fun range from running with a dog or watching a movie while working out to teaming up with a workout partner or using a creative app that changes things up. During a snowy winter, fun cardio workouts can include snowboarding, snowshoeing or skating.
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  • What Is the Heaviest Bench Press?

    Q: What Is the Heaviest Bench Press?

    A: The heaviest weight ever bench pressed is 1,075 pounds by Ryan Kennelly in November 2008, according to Strongest Man. Kennelly holds the official World Powerlifting Organization's record and was the first man to exceed an 800-pound bench press.
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  • What Is the Most Important Factor in Maintaining Mental and Physical Abilities Throughout Life?

    Q: What Is the Most Important Factor in Maintaining Mental and Physical Abilities Throughout Life?

    A: Although it's difficult to pinpoint one factor that has the greatest effect on health and longevity, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, physical activity is one of the most important factors in maintaining health. People who are physically active tend to live longer and have a lower risk of many chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, depression and some cancers.
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  • How Do I Get Bigger Biceps?

    Q: How Do I Get Bigger Biceps?

    A: Get bigger biceps by practicing intensive, bicep-isolating exercises two to three times per week. Choose an appropriate exercise program for your strength and skill level. Focus on the biceps and surrounding brachialis and brachioradialis muscles to aid in elbow and shoulder flexing. For bicep exercises, you need barbells and dumbbells with customizable weights.
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  • How Do You Teach a Spin Class?

    Q: How Do You Teach a Spin Class?

    A: Become a certified spinning instructor, and study the manual closely. Get in great shape so your students are motivated to continue taking the class. When you see a student in need of your help, give her first-hand assistance.
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  • What Is a Simple Workout Plan?

    Q: What Is a Simple Workout Plan?

    A: A typical beginner workout program includes basic cardiovascular exercises, weight training and exercises to increase flexibility. Three days of cardio and two days of strength training a week are enough for a simple workout plan, but it's best for the exerciser to determine his fitness level to ascertain what would be basic exercises for him, while still being effective.
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