Fitness & Exercise

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A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.

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  • How Do I Get Bigger Biceps?

    Q: How Do I Get Bigger Biceps?

    A: Get bigger biceps by practicing intensive, bicep-isolating exercises two to three times per week. Choose an appropriate exercise program for your strength and skill level. Focus on the biceps and surrounding brachialis and brachioradialis muscles to aid in elbow and shoulder flexing. For bicep exercises, you need barbells and dumbbells with customizable weights.
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  • What Is the Fastest Way to Rehydrate Yourself?

    Q: What Is the Fastest Way to Rehydrate Yourself?

    A: According to Harvard University, a simple oral rehydrating solution is the most effective way to rehydrate yourself. This solution, consisting of salt, sugar and clean water, was found to be cheap and effective when used to treat victims of infectious diarrheal diseases, including cholera, in third world countries. UNICEF's simple homemade solution contains 5 cups of boiled water, 8 teaspoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt.
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  • How Can Kids Stay Fit If They Don't Like Sports?

    Q: How Can Kids Stay Fit If They Don't Like Sports?

    A: Parents and guardians of kids who are not interested in team sports can encourage their children to get involved with a variety of other physical activities. These could include group classes for sports like dance and martial arts, or more solitary pursuits such as hiking, skateboarding, bicycling, running or golf. Parents should be mindful of the fact that it may take a few rounds of trial and error to find a physical activity that will engage the child.
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  • What Health Problems Are Partly Caused by a Lack of Exercise?

    Q: What Health Problems Are Partly Caused by a Lack of Exercise?

    A: Lack of physical exercise partly causes many health problems such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and certain cancers, according to the Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Physical activity also significantly reduces risk for disease in general. Thousands of deaths per year in the United States can be attributed to lack of physical exercise.
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  • How Can You Become Really Strong?

    Q: How Can You Become Really Strong?

    A: According to certified personal trainer Paige Waehner for About.com, an effective strength-training program is based on a planned, consistent approach that utilizes various weight-bearing maneuvers intended to break down muscle tissue and subsequently repair it with restorative sleep and a diet containing plenty of lean proteins. Strength increases as exercises are continuously modified to challenge muscle groups past their current training limits.
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  • What Are Three Resistance Exercises That Work the Triceps, Biceps and Abdominal Muscles?

    Q: What Are Three Resistance Exercises That Work the Triceps, Biceps and Abdominal Muscles?

    A: According to BodyBuilding.com, barbell curls, weighted bench dips, and cable crunches are resistance exercises that work the biceps, triceps and abdominal muscles, respectively. Resistance training is any exercise that causes muscles to contract against external resistance, including dumbbells and body weight, according to eMedicineHealth.
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  • What Is Plyometrics?

    Q: What Is Plyometrics?

    A: Plyometrics, also called plyometric exercises, plyos and jump training, is an exercise technique that targets muscles to increase speed, strength and power. This technique is useful in improving the performance of athletes who perform a lot of running and jumping.
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  • When Should Children Begin Getting Regular Physical Activity?

    Q: When Should Children Begin Getting Regular Physical Activity?

    A: Starting around age 5, children should be getting at least an hour of medium to high intensity activity on a daily basis. Younger children can engage in exercise with the use of physical games such as tag and visits to a playground. Children who are even younger, mostly around toddler age, should be getting a significant amount of physical activity every day.
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  • What Is a Simple Workout Plan?

    Q: What Is a Simple Workout Plan?

    A: A typical beginner workout program includes basic cardiovascular exercises, weight training and exercises to increase flexibility. Three days of cardio and two days of strength training a week are enough for a simple workout plan, but it's best for the exerciser to determine his fitness level to ascertain what would be basic exercises for him, while still being effective.
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  • What Is the Meaning of Physical Fitness?

    Q: What Is the Meaning of Physical Fitness?

    A: In general, physical fitness refers to one's ability to perform physical tasks, especially as they relate to a sport or occupation; however, because physical fitness encompasses a wide variety of abilities, it means different things to different people. The main categories of physical fitness are aerobic endurance, muscular endurance, strength, speed, power and flexibility.
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  • What Is the Best Time of Day to Exercise?

    Q: What Is the Best Time of Day to Exercise?

    A: WebMD claims there is no evidence showing that calories are burned more efficiently at any specific time of day. Because time of day can influence people's emotions regarding exercise, however, it's important for each person to establish a habit of exercising at the same time every day.
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  • Why Do People Go to the Gym?

    Q: Why Do People Go to the Gym?

    A: Most people go to the gym in order is to maintain a healthy lifestyle through exercise. Another reason is to lose weight and transition into a healthy lifestyle. Some people find a community at the gym, and they value the social interactions they have there.
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  • How Do I Train for an Ironman Triathlon?

    Q: How Do I Train for an Ironman Triathlon?

    A: Training for an IRONMAN triathlon requires that you train for all three sections of the race, including the 26.2 mile run, the 112-mile bicycle ride and the 2.4 mile swim. The process takes six months and requires a suitable road bike and swimming and running gear.
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  • How Would You Describe Physical Fitness?

    Q: How Would You Describe Physical Fitness?

    A: Physical fitness is the state of a body's health and ability to perform everyday work and leisure activities efficiently and effectively. According to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, most experts agree that the essential aspects of physical fitness include morphological fitness, bone strength, muscular fitness, flexibility, motor fitness, cardiovascular fitness and metabolic fitness.
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  • What Is Bouldering?

    Q: What Is Bouldering?

    A: Bouldering is a style of rock climbing. Whereas some forms of rock climbing require ropes, harnesses, and other equipment, climbers only rely on climbing shoes and chalk when bouldering. The activity typically takes place on lower elevation surfaces, which sets bouldering apart from free soloing, a type of standard rock climbing that also eschews the use of ropes and harnesses.
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  • How Can I Increase Jumping Ability?

    Q: How Can I Increase Jumping Ability?

    A: According to Inside Hoops, jumping ability can be improved by performing jumping exercises such as deep knee bends, toe raises, deep knee bend jumps, toe raises with weights, jump rope exercises and abdominal crunches. AZCentral states that lower body weight training can also enhance the jumping ability of a person.
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  • How Do You Develop High Arches?

    Q: How Do You Develop High Arches?

    A: High arches, or cavus foot, often develops due to neurological disorders or medical conditions such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, polio or stroke. In other cases, however, high arches come from an inherited structural abnormality.
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  • What Are Examples of Cardiovascular Activity?

    Q: What Are Examples of Cardiovascular Activity?

    A: Cardiovascular activity includes all activities and exercises that make the heart and lungs work harder and adapt in a positive way. There are two kinds of cardiovascular activities: aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic activities are fueled by fat stores and glycogen, whereas anaerobic exercises are fueled by muscle glycogen.
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  • How Can You Become Flexible Enough to Do the Splits?

    Q: How Can You Become Flexible Enough to Do the Splits?

    A: To become flexible enough to do the splits, a person should perform stretches in the proper order, according to the Huffington Post. Consistency, visualization, resistance training and sleep are also important.
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  • How Many Miles Is a 2K Run?

    Q: How Many Miles Is a 2K Run?

    A: A 2-kilometer, or 2K, run is the equivalent of approximately 1.24 miles. Put another way, it is 1 mile and slightly over 427 yards. A 2-kilometer run is a good running distance with which to start for beginners who are not ready to tackle the demands of a 5-kilometer run.
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  • What's the Biggest Wave Ever Surfed?

    Q: What's the Biggest Wave Ever Surfed?

    A: As of 2013, the largest wave ever successfully surfed was a 100-foot wave ridden by professional surfer Garrett McNamara. McNamara caught this wave while big wave surfing in Nazaré, Portugal. Prior to this, McNamara had set the world record in 2011 by surfing a 90-foot wave in Nazaré.
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