A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.
A:Men's Health recommends dynamic stretching. There are two major types of stretching: static and dynamic. A static stretch is a movement in which the body leans forward until there is a slight discomfort in the targeted muscle. In a dynamic stretch, an individual should quickly move a muscle in and out of a stretched position.
A:During exercise, the muscles pull oxygen out of the bloodssstream, blood vessels dilate for increased blood flow, the heart and diaphragm work harder, and the body starts to sweat to remove heat from the body. On the molecular level, the body creates adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to provide energy to the exercising muscles.
A:According to Healthline, isotonic exercises include those used while weight lifting, circuit training and resistance training. Isotonic exercises are usually done with dumbbells, barbells or resistance bands, but push ups may be substituted when such equipment is not available. The Harvard Medical School states that bench presses or chin ups are examples of isotonic exercises.
A:According to Women's Health, some basic stomach-flattening exercises are the plank, side plank, glute bridge march and lunge with rotation. Advanced stomach-flattening exercises include the plank with arm lift, side plank with rotation, hip-thigh raise and reverse lunge with single-arm press.
A:Achilles-tendon-strengthening exercises are designed to stretch the Achilles tendon. Recommended exercises focus on calf stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon. WebMD suggests gentle stretching and strengthening exercises when healing from an injury. WebMD also recommends toe stretches, calf-plantar fascia stretches, quadriceps stretches, groin stretches, hamstring stretches and stair stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon.
A:A treadmill lets people achieve a calorie-burning aerobic workout in a protected environment. Running, jogging or walking at a brisk pace for 20 or more minutes raises heart rates, providing aerobic activity that increases heart health. Treadmill workouts increase endurance and help individuals lose weight.
A:According to AZ Central, basic aerobic exercise steps include: marching in place, knee lifts, stepping side to side, front kicks, butt kicks and jumping jacks. Wikipedia lists additional common steps, such as: lunges, corner-knee kicks, repeater knee and the V-step. For a beginner, a basic aerobic step involves placing one foot up onto an elevated step, then the other, in fast-paced repetitive steps.
A:Regular exercise help build bone density and lessens joint pain, according to WebMD. Exercise also helps bones and joints through indirect ways such as preventing falls and relieving the stress of excess weight.
A:Trails.com explains that the main muscles used in cycling are the gluteal muscles (gluteus maximus and gluteus minimus), quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. Other muscles are also used for stability.
A:A forward lunge targets the abdominal muscles (transverse abdominus and obliques), the glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius/minimus), the anterior thigh muscles (quadriceps) and the posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings). According to Healthy Living, it also works the calf muscles.
A:A full workout routine should include cardio, strength training, and stretches, according to About.com. All areas of the body should be addressed including ,but not limited to, abs, thighs, calves, and biceps.
A:Fitness helps people live and enjoy life to the fullest. Keeping mentally and physically fit keeps people less prone to diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and obesity. Physically and mentally fit people are also highly likely to have a relaxed mind.
A:According to AZ Central, seated leg extensions work the four muscle heads of the quadriceps, which are in the upper thighs. Standing leg extensions also work the quadriceps and other abdominal muscles. AZ Central explains that standing leg extensions work the transverse abdominal, or stomach muscle, and the obliques at the same time. Obliques are side abdominal muscles that enable individuals to balance on one leg.
A:Squats can be broken down into two main categories: squats done with weights or without weights. A secondary categorization divides squats into those which build large muscle groups and those which tone muscles. Barbells, dumbbells and machines are used in squats, with many variations with and without weights.
A:The inventor of the modern push-up, according to SOPHIA-FIT, was Jerick Revilla, who came up with the exercise technique in 1905. The Roman emperor Constantine has also been credited with creating this form of exercise.
A:Although exercise has no effect on lung capacity, exercise benefits the body's cardio-respiratory efficiency, according to Scientific American. During exercise, the heart pumps harder and faster, working with the lungs to deliver oxygenated blood to the muscles. Breathing rate and depth increase as the lungs work to provide more oxygen to the blood pumping through. Exercisers' bodies grow better at loading, transporting and using oxygen.
A:Anaerobic exercises range from sprinting to bodybuilding and include many other popular forms of working out. Science Daily points out that the early stages of any exercise are anaerobic and notes that the definition of anaerobic exercise is any exercise that consists of high-intensity movement of short duration.
A:BenefitOf.net mentions that a boxing regimen is good for self-defense. It is also a good method for losing extra weight. A boxing plan also strengthens the bones and muscles. Boxing alleviates anger and keeps stress at bay.
A:Physical exercise increases the heart rate because the working muscles require more oxygen to produce the energy required to sustain that physical activity. Healthy Living at AZ Central explains that the heart pumps the blood faster to supply the extra oxygen needed through the bloodstream.
A:Foots with high protein content, such as boiled eggs and whey protein shakes, are the ideal snack to eat following a workout, according to WebMD. The protein in these foods helps muscles recover and grow more quickly after being damaged by exercise.
A:According to Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, exercises that strengthen the back and abdominal muscles can alleviate the symptoms of a compressed vertebra. The exercises should be performed under the supervision of a physician or physical therapist who can ensure the exercises are done safely.