A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.
A:A treadmill lets people achieve a calorie-burning aerobic workout in a protected environment. Running, jogging or walking at a brisk pace for 20 or more minutes raises heart rates, providing aerobic activity that increases heart health. Treadmill workouts increase endurance and help individuals lose weight.
A:Men's Health recommends dynamic stretching. There are two major types of stretching: static and dynamic. A static stretch is a movement in which the body leans forward until there is a slight discomfort in the targeted muscle. In a dynamic stretch, an individual should quickly move a muscle in and out of a stretched position.
A:According to TeachPE, the three main long-term effects of exercise are a more efficient circulatory system, a healthier respiratory system, and an increase in muscle mass. The combination of these three benefits of exercise can help lower blood pressure, improve breathing, and increase energy, among other positive long-term effects.
A:According to WebMD, a good exercise program for beginners incorporates a blend of cardiovascular activity, strength conditioning and stretching. Cardiovascular activities, such as walking or jogging, are performed four to five times a week in 20-minute increments. Strength training is recommended twice a week.
A:Anaerobic exercises range from sprinting to bodybuilding and include many other popular forms of working out. Science Daily points out that the early stages of any exercise are anaerobic and notes that the definition of anaerobic exercise is any exercise that consists of high-intensity movement of short duration.
A:As soon as a person begins to exercise, the heart begins beating more rapidly in an effort to pump oxygen-containing blood to the muscles. In order to contract, which they must during exercise, muscles require more oxygen than they do when at rest. A person's heart rate continues to increase with more exertion until it reaches its maximum capacity.
A:According to AZ Central, basic aerobic exercise steps include: marching in place, knee lifts, stepping side to side, front kicks, butt kicks and jumping jacks. Wikipedia lists additional common steps, such as: lunges, corner-knee kicks, repeater knee and the V-step. For a beginner, a basic aerobic step involves placing one foot up onto an elevated step, then the other, in fast-paced repetitive steps.
A:Foots with high protein content, such as boiled eggs and whey protein shakes, are the ideal snack to eat following a workout, according to WebMD. The protein in these foods helps muscles recover and grow more quickly after being damaged by exercise.
A:Squats can be broken down into two main categories: squats done with weights or without weights. A secondary categorization divides squats into those which build large muscle groups and those which tone muscles. Barbells, dumbbells and machines are used in squats, with many variations with and without weights.
A:A forward lunge targets the abdominal muscles (transverse abdominus and obliques), the glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius/minimus), the anterior thigh muscles (quadriceps) and the posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings). According to Healthy Living, it also works the calf muscles.
A:Warming up and cooling down before and after an exercise regime allows exercisers to gain flexibility, prepare their muscles and gain range of motion in their joints. This is important to staying healthy and injury free while exercising.
A:Results from exercising are visible in a week. The first week of working out yields the most dramatic results, though other gains may take longer. People can lose two pounds in their first week of exercising with the combination of healthy eating.
A:While the normal resting heart rate is 60 to 80 beats per minute, according to the American Heart Association, heart rate during exercise is measured in relationship to the target heart rate, rather than to any average. Target heart rate depends on the age of the exerciser.
A:A good abdominal workout routine should result in a streamlined waist, reduction in flab and etched abdominal muscles, according to Jim Stoppani, PhD, in an article describing the program he designed to build powerful abdominal muscles. Stoppani explains that in addition to the exercises, it is critical to eat a low-fat diet. Stoppani also believes that crunches are not the most effective abdominal workout.
A:Although exercise has no effect on lung capacity, exercise benefits the body's cardio-respiratory efficiency, according to Scientific American. During exercise, the heart pumps harder and faster, working with the lungs to deliver oxygenated blood to the muscles. Breathing rate and depth increase as the lungs work to provide more oxygen to the blood pumping through. Exercisers' bodies grow better at loading, transporting and using oxygen.
A:Sports are important primarily because they provide children and recreational participants with a social outlet and improve physical skills and health. Sports provide physical and psychological benefits to people of all ages.
A:The inventor of the modern push-up, according to SOPHIA-FIT, was Jerick Revilla, who came up with the exercise technique in 1905. The Roman emperor Constantine has also been credited with creating this form of exercise.
A:According to Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, exercises that strengthen the back and abdominal muscles can alleviate the symptoms of a compressed vertebra. The exercises should be performed under the supervision of a physician or physical therapist who can ensure the exercises are done safely.
A:Shape Magazine explains an effective cardio workout that can be performed indoors begins with a four-move warm-up before moving on to the main regimen of exercises. The goal is to perform each exercise as fast as possible without resting between the moves. After completing the routine, the exerciser rests for one minute before repeating the round of exercises a few more times. Shape Magazine suggests using yoga cool-down poses.
A:According to the Mayo Clinic, interval training involves alternating bursts of rigorous activity with intervals of lighter activity. For example, one might sprint for one minute and then walk for two minutes, repeating the circuit several times.
A:Jumping jacks can raise your heart rate to a cardiovascular level, oxygenating your blood and burning calories at an exceptionally fast rate, which promotes weight loss. Used as a warm-up movement and as a total body workout, jumping jacks are an excellent addition to a physical fitness plan.