Exercise

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Fitness helps people live and enjoy life to the fullest. Keeping mentally and physically fit keeps people less prone to diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and obesity. Physically and mentally fit people are also highly likely to have a relaxed mind.

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  • How can you become extremely flexible?

    Q: How can you become extremely flexible?

    A: With regular training, most people can improve flexibility. However, extreme flexibility may take time to develop. There are also some limiting factors to how flexible a person may be, including age, genetics, gender and body shape, according to the American Council on Exercise.
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  • What are some indoor cardio exercises?

    Q: What are some indoor cardio exercises?

    A: Shape Magazine explains an effective cardio workout that can be performed indoors begins with a four-move warm-up before moving on to the main regimen of exercises. The goal is to perform each exercise as fast as possible without resting between the moves. After completing the routine, the exerciser rests for one minute before repeating the round of exercises a few more times. Shape Magazine suggests using yoga cool-down poses.
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  • What is the difference between sets and reps?

    Q: What is the difference between sets and reps?

    A: A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.
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  • What does a treadmill do for your body?

    Q: What does a treadmill do for your body?

    A: A treadmill lets people achieve a calorie-burning aerobic workout in a protected environment. Running, jogging or walking at a brisk pace for 20 or more minutes raises heart rates, providing aerobic activity that increases heart health. Treadmill workouts increase endurance and help individuals lose weight.
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  • What is a normal heart rate during exercise?

    Q: What is a normal heart rate during exercise?

    A: While the normal resting heart rate is 60 to 80 beats per minute, according to the American Heart Association, heart rate during exercise is measured in relationship to the target heart rate, rather than to any average. Target heart rate depends on the age of the exerciser.
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  • Are elliptical exercise machines good for you?

    Q: Are elliptical exercise machines good for you?

    A: According to About.com, elliptical machines are good at providing a low-impact workout while exercising both the upper and lower body. They are also beneficial for the older generation and those with aging joints.
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  • Why are sports important?

    Q: Why are sports important?

    A: Sports are important primarily because they provide children and recreational participants with a social outlet and improve physical skills and health. Sports provide physical and psychological benefits to people of all ages.
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  • Should you do sit-ups before or after you eat?

    Q: Should you do sit-ups before or after you eat?

    A: The Army Times suggests eating food or supplements that have protein before a workout to boost energy. They stress the importance, however, of eating lightly prior to doing any type of crunches in order to avoid getting stomach cramps or gas during the exercise.
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  • Why does your heart rate increase when you exercise?

    Q: Why does your heart rate increase when you exercise?

    A: As soon as a person begins to exercise, the heart begins beating more rapidly in an effort to pump oxygen-containing blood to the muscles. In order to contract, which they must during exercise, muscles require more oxygen than they do when at rest. A person's heart rate continues to increase with more exertion until it reaches its maximum capacity.
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  • How does exercise affect bones and joints?

    Q: How does exercise affect bones and joints?

    A: Regular exercise help build bone density and lessens joint pain, according to WebMD. Exercise also helps bones and joints through indirect ways such as preventing falls and relieving the stress of excess weight.
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  • What are examples of isotonic exercises?

    Q: What are examples of isotonic exercises?

    A: According to Healthline, isotonic exercises include those used while weight lifting, circuit training and resistance training. Isotonic exercises are usually done with dumbbells, barbells or resistance bands, but push ups may be substituted when such equipment is not available. The Harvard Medical School states that bench presses or chin ups are examples of isotonic exercises.
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  • Can I lose weight by hula hooping?

    Q: Can I lose weight by hula hooping?

    A: According to The American Council on Exercise, hula hooping burns approximately 7 calories per minute, or 420 calories per hour. Any activity that allows someone to burn more calories than consumed assists with weight loss. So, it is possible to lose weight by hula hooping.
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  • What muscle groups do leg extensions work?

    Q: What muscle groups do leg extensions work?

    A: According to AZ Central, seated leg extensions work the four muscle heads of the quadriceps, which are in the upper thighs. Standing leg extensions also work the quadriceps and other abdominal muscles. AZ Central explains that standing leg extensions work the transverse abdominal, or stomach muscle, and the obliques at the same time. Obliques are side abdominal muscles that enable individuals to balance on one leg.
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  • How does exercise affect the lungs?

    Q: How does exercise affect the lungs?

    A: Although exercise has no effect on lung capacity, exercise benefits the body's cardio-respiratory efficiency, according to Scientific American. During exercise, the heart pumps harder and faster, working with the lungs to deliver oxygenated blood to the muscles. Breathing rate and depth increase as the lungs work to provide more oxygen to the blood pumping through. Exercisers' bodies grow better at loading, transporting and using oxygen.
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  • What are long-term effects of exercise?

    Q: What are long-term effects of exercise?

    A: According to TeachPE, the three main long-term effects of exercise are a more efficient circulatory system, a healthier respiratory system, and an increase in muscle mass. The combination of these three benefits of exercise can help lower blood pressure, improve breathing, and increase energy, among other positive long-term effects.
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  • What muscles do lunges work?

    Q: What muscles do lunges work?

    A: A forward lunge targets the abdominal muscles (transverse abdominus and obliques), the glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius/minimus), the anterior thigh muscles (quadriceps) and the posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings). According to Healthy Living, it also works the calf muscles.
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  • What is the definition of "interval training"?

    Q: What is the definition of "interval training"?

    A: According to the Mayo Clinic, interval training involves alternating bursts of rigorous activity with intervals of lighter activity. For example, one might sprint for one minute and then walk for two minutes, repeating the circuit several times.
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  • How many Americans exercise regularly?

    Q: How many Americans exercise regularly?

    A: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 49.6 percent of Americans 18 and over met the Physical Activity Guidelines for aerobic activity in 2012 and 23.6 percent of Americans 18 and over met the guidelines for muscle strength activity. About 20.3 percent met the guidelines for both.
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  • What are the types of squats?

    Q: What are the types of squats?

    A: Squats can be broken down into two main categories: squats done with weights or without weights. A secondary categorization divides squats into those which build large muscle groups and those which tone muscles. Barbells, dumbbells and machines are used in squats, with many variations with and without weights.
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  • How many hours a week should you exercise?

    Q: How many hours a week should you exercise?

    A: The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that adults engage in 150 minutes of moderate intensity cardiorespiratory exercise per week. In addition, they recommend resistance, flexibility and neuromotor exercises.
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  • What do jumping jacks do for your body?

    Q: What do jumping jacks do for your body?

    A: Jumping jacks can raise your heart rate to a cardiovascular level, oxygenating your blood and burning calories at an exceptionally fast rate, which promotes weight loss. Used as a warm-up movement and as a total body workout, jumping jacks are an excellent addition to a physical fitness plan.
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