A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.
A:A forward lunge targets the abdominal muscles (transverse abdominus and obliques), the glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius/minimus), the anterior thigh muscles (quadriceps) and the posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings). According to Healthy Living, it also works the calf muscles.
A:Shape Magazine explains an effective cardio workout that can be performed indoors begins with a four-move warm-up before moving on to the main regimen of exercises. The goal is to perform each exercise as fast as possible without resting between the moves. After completing the routine, the exerciser rests for one minute before repeating the round of exercises a few more times. Shape Magazine suggests using yoga cool-down poses.
A:While the normal resting heart rate is 60 to 80 beats per minute, according to the American Heart Association, heart rate during exercise is measured in relationship to the target heart rate, rather than to any average. Target heart rate depends on the age of the exerciser.
A:According to About.com, elliptical machines are good at providing a low-impact workout while exercising both the upper and lower body. They are also beneficial for the older generation and those with aging joints.
A:According to AZ Central, seated leg extensions work the four muscle heads of the quadriceps, which are in the upper thighs. Standing leg extensions also work the quadriceps and other abdominal muscles. AZ Central explains that standing leg extensions work the transverse abdominal, or stomach muscle, and the obliques at the same time. Obliques are side abdominal muscles that enable individuals to balance on one leg.
A:The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that adults engage in 150 minutes of moderate intensity cardiorespiratory exercise per week. In addition, they recommend resistance, flexibility and neuromotor exercises.
A:A treadmill lets people achieve a calorie-burning aerobic workout in a protected environment. Running, jogging or walking at a brisk pace for 20 or more minutes raises heart rates, providing aerobic activity that increases heart health. Treadmill workouts increase endurance and help individuals lose weight.
A:The Army Times suggests eating food or supplements that have protein before a workout to boost energy. They stress the importance, however, of eating lightly prior to doing any type of crunches in order to avoid getting stomach cramps or gas during the exercise.
A:Squats can be broken down into two main categories: squats done with weights or without weights. A secondary categorization divides squats into those which build large muscle groups and those which tone muscles. Barbells, dumbbells and machines are used in squats, with many variations with and without weights.
A:According to Healthline, isotonic exercises include those used while weight lifting, circuit training and resistance training. Isotonic exercises are usually done with dumbbells, barbells or resistance bands, but push ups may be substituted when such equipment is not available. The Harvard Medical School states that bench presses or chin ups are examples of isotonic exercises.
A:Exercises that engage multiple muscles groups are useful in achieving a flat belly, according to the Natural News Network. Running or walking, swimming, planking, bicycling, the reverse crunch, the vertical leg crunch, the exercise ball crunch, and long-arm crunch are exercises that are known to flatten the belly.
A:Jumping jacks can raise your heart rate to a cardiovascular level, oxygenating your blood and burning calories at an exceptionally fast rate, which promotes weight loss. Used as a warm-up movement and as a total body workout, jumping jacks are an excellent addition to a physical fitness plan.
A:According to Women's Health, some basic stomach-flattening exercises are the plank, side plank, glute bridge march and lunge with rotation. Advanced stomach-flattening exercises include the plank with arm lift, side plank with rotation, hip-thigh raise and reverse lunge with single-arm press.
A:According to the Mayo Clinic, interval training involves alternating bursts of rigorous activity with intervals of lighter activity. For example, one might sprint for one minute and then walk for two minutes, repeating the circuit several times.
A:Achilles-tendon-strengthening exercises are designed to stretch the Achilles tendon. Recommended exercises focus on calf stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon. WebMD suggests gentle stretching and strengthening exercises when healing from an injury. WebMD also recommends toe stretches, calf-plantar fascia stretches, quadriceps stretches, groin stretches, hamstring stretches and stair stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon.
A:Trails.com explains that the main muscles used in cycling are the gluteal muscles (gluteus maximus and gluteus minimus), quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. Other muscles are also used for stability.
A:During exercise, the muscles pull oxygen out of the bloodssstream, blood vessels dilate for increased blood flow, the heart and diaphragm work harder, and the body starts to sweat to remove heat from the body. On the molecular level, the body creates adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to provide energy to the exercising muscles.
A:The American Red Cross recommends that blood donors do not perform any exercise or heavy lifting for at least five hours after donating blood. Donors sometimes feel dizzy or weak after giving blood, so it is important to exercise caution when being physically active after donation.
A:According to WebMD, a good exercise program for beginners incorporates a blend of cardiovascular activity, strength conditioning and stretching. Cardiovascular activities, such as walking or jogging, are performed four to five times a week in 20-minute increments. Strength training is recommended twice a week.
A:A good abdominal workout routine should result in a streamlined waist, reduction in flab and etched abdominal muscles, according to Jim Stoppani, PhD, in an article describing the program he designed to build powerful abdominal muscles. Stoppani explains that in addition to the exercises, it is critical to eat a low-fat diet. Stoppani also believes that crunches are not the most effective abdominal workout.
A:A full workout routine should include cardio, strength training, and stretches, according to About.com. All areas of the body should be addressed including ,but not limited to, abs, thighs, calves, and biceps.