Exercise

A:

A rep is the completion of an exercise, while a set is composed of one or more reps, or repetitions. A rep is one sit-up, one lunge or one arm curl. A set is a series of reps, performed continuously, ending with a rest period.

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  • What is the best type of stretching to begin a workout?

    Q: What is the best type of stretching to begin a workout?

    A: Men's Health recommends dynamic stretching. There are two major types of stretching: static and dynamic. A static stretch is a movement in which the body leans forward until there is a slight discomfort in the targeted muscle. In a dynamic stretch, an individual should quickly move a muscle in and out of a stretched position.
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  • What happens inside our bodies when we exercise?

    Q: What happens inside our bodies when we exercise?

    A: During exercise, the muscles pull oxygen out of the bloodssstream, blood vessels dilate for increased blood flow, the heart and diaphragm work harder, and the body starts to sweat to remove heat from the body. On the molecular level, the body creates adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to provide energy to the exercising muscles.
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  • What are examples of isotonic exercises?

    Q: What are examples of isotonic exercises?

    A: According to Healthline, isotonic exercises include those used while weight lifting, circuit training and resistance training. Isotonic exercises are usually done with dumbbells, barbells or resistance bands, but push ups may be substituted when such equipment is not available. The Harvard Medical School states that bench presses or chin ups are examples of isotonic exercises.
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  • What are some stomach-flattening exercises?

    Q: What are some stomach-flattening exercises?

    A: According to Women's Health, some basic stomach-flattening exercises are the plank, side plank, glute bridge march and lunge with rotation. Advanced stomach-flattening exercises include the plank with arm lift, side plank with rotation, hip-thigh raise and reverse lunge with single-arm press.
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  • What are Achilles tendon strengthening exercises?

    Q: What are Achilles tendon strengthening exercises?

    A: Achilles-tendon-strengthening exercises are designed to stretch the Achilles tendon. Recommended exercises focus on calf stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon. WebMD suggests gentle stretching and strengthening exercises when healing from an injury. WebMD also recommends toe stretches, calf-plantar fascia stretches, quadriceps stretches, groin stretches, hamstring stretches and stair stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon.
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  • What does a treadmill do for your body?

    Q: What does a treadmill do for your body?

    A: A treadmill lets people achieve a calorie-burning aerobic workout in a protected environment. Running, jogging or walking at a brisk pace for 20 or more minutes raises heart rates, providing aerobic activity that increases heart health. Treadmill workouts increase endurance and help individuals lose weight.
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  • What are some common aerobics steps?

    Q: What are some common aerobics steps?

    A: According to AZ Central, basic aerobic exercise steps include: marching in place, knee lifts, stepping side to side, front kicks, butt kicks and jumping jacks. Wikipedia lists additional common steps, such as: lunges, corner-knee kicks, repeater knee and the V-step. For a beginner, a basic aerobic step involves placing one foot up onto an elevated step, then the other, in fast-paced repetitive steps.
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  • How does exercise affect bones and joints?

    Q: How does exercise affect bones and joints?

    A: Regular exercise help build bone density and lessens joint pain, according to WebMD. Exercise also helps bones and joints through indirect ways such as preventing falls and relieving the stress of excess weight.
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  • What muscles are used in cycling?

    Q: What muscles are used in cycling?

    A: Trails.com explains that the main muscles used in cycling are the gluteal muscles (gluteus maximus and gluteus minimus), quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. Other muscles are also used for stability.
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  • What muscles do lunges work?

    Q: What muscles do lunges work?

    A: A forward lunge targets the abdominal muscles (transverse abdominus and obliques), the glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius/minimus), the anterior thigh muscles (quadriceps) and the posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings). According to Healthy Living, it also works the calf muscles.
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  • What is a good total gym workout?

    Q: What is a good total gym workout?

    A: A full workout routine should include cardio, strength training, and stretches, according to About.com. All areas of the body should be addressed including ,but not limited to, abs, thighs, calves, and biceps.
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  • Why is keeping fit important?

    Q: Why is keeping fit important?

    A: Fitness helps people live and enjoy life to the fullest. Keeping mentally and physically fit keeps people less prone to diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and obesity. Physically and mentally fit people are also highly likely to have a relaxed mind.
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  • What muscle groups do leg extensions work?

    Q: What muscle groups do leg extensions work?

    A: According to AZ Central, seated leg extensions work the four muscle heads of the quadriceps, which are in the upper thighs. Standing leg extensions also work the quadriceps and other abdominal muscles. AZ Central explains that standing leg extensions work the transverse abdominal, or stomach muscle, and the obliques at the same time. Obliques are side abdominal muscles that enable individuals to balance on one leg.
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  • What are the types of squats?

    Q: What are the types of squats?

    A: Squats can be broken down into two main categories: squats done with weights or without weights. A secondary categorization divides squats into those which build large muscle groups and those which tone muscles. Barbells, dumbbells and machines are used in squats, with many variations with and without weights.
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  • Who invented push-ups?

    Q: Who invented push-ups?

    A: The inventor of the modern push-up, according to SOPHIA-FIT, was Jerick Revilla, who came up with the exercise technique in 1905. The Roman emperor Constantine has also been credited with creating this form of exercise.
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  • How does exercise affect the lungs?

    Q: How does exercise affect the lungs?

    A: Although exercise has no effect on lung capacity, exercise benefits the body's cardio-respiratory efficiency, according to Scientific American. During exercise, the heart pumps harder and faster, working with the lungs to deliver oxygenated blood to the muscles. Breathing rate and depth increase as the lungs work to provide more oxygen to the blood pumping through. Exercisers' bodies grow better at loading, transporting and using oxygen.
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  • What are examples of anaerobic exercise?

    Q: What are examples of anaerobic exercise?

    A: Anaerobic exercises range from sprinting to bodybuilding and include many other popular forms of working out. Science Daily points out that the early stages of any exercise are anaerobic and notes that the definition of anaerobic exercise is any exercise that consists of high-intensity movement of short duration.
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  • What are some benefits of a boxing workout routine?

    Q: What are some benefits of a boxing workout routine?

    A: BenefitOf.net mentions that a boxing regimen is good for self-defense. It is also a good method for losing extra weight. A boxing plan also strengthens the bones and muscles. Boxing alleviates anger and keeps stress at bay.
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  • Why does exercise increase heart rate?

    Q: Why does exercise increase heart rate?

    A: Physical exercise increases the heart rate because the working muscles require more oxygen to produce the energy required to sustain that physical activity. Healthy Living at AZ Central explains that the heart pumps the blood faster to supply the extra oxygen needed through the bloodstream.
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  • What is a good post-workout food?

    Q: What is a good post-workout food?

    A: Foots with high protein content, such as boiled eggs and whey protein shakes, are the ideal snack to eat following a workout, according to WebMD. The protein in these foods helps muscles recover and grow more quickly after being damaged by exercise.
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  • What are some exercises that help a compressed vertebra?

    Q: What are some exercises that help a compressed vertebra?

    A: According to Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, exercises that strengthen the back and abdominal muscles can alleviate the symptoms of a compressed vertebra. The exercises should be performed under the supervision of a physician or physical therapist who can ensure the exercises are done safely.
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