Conditions & Diseases

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Health.com notes that while a cure for arthritis has yet to be developed, the pain and discomfort associated with arthritis can be alleviated by losing weight and exercising. Acupuncture and capsaicin cream can also be beneficial.

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  • What Is the Achilles Reflex?

    Q: What Is the Achilles Reflex?

    A: The Achilles reflex, also called the ankle jerk reflex, is an abrupt bending of the foot when a doctor strikes a person's Achilles tendon, which is located just above the heel. In a positive response, the foot moves as if the person is pointing his toes.
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  • What Causes Projectile Vomiting?

    Q: What Causes Projectile Vomiting?

    A: According to class materials prepared by Colorado State University, a common cause of true projectile vomiting is the blockage of the exit from the stomach into the intestines. The most common cause for such a blockage is the ingestion of a large foreign object. The Mayo Clinic warns that rarely, in infants, a serious condition known as pyloric stenosis can also be a cause.
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  • Where Was Pneumonia Discovered?

    Q: Where Was Pneumonia Discovered?

    A: The first written account of pneumonia dates back to Hippocrates (460–370 BC) in Greece, according to News Medical. However, Hippocrates referred to it as a disease named by the ancients, so the disease was known even before his time.
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  • How Do You Treat an Ear Infection?

    Q: How Do You Treat an Ear Infection?

    A: The best treatment for an ear infection depends on whether the infection is caused by a virus or bacterial organism. Antibiotics do not kill viruses, so they are only used to treat infections caused by bacteria. The only way to treat a viral ear infection is to treat the symptoms, according to WebMD.
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  • How Do You Contract Ebola?

    Q: How Do You Contract Ebola?

    A: A person may contract Ebola following contact with an infected individual's blood, urine, sweat, semen, breast milk, saliva, feces and other body fluids, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Transmission of Ebola also occurs through contact with infected animals or objects contaminated with the virus.
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  • Will HIV Always Become Full Blown AIDS?

    Q: Will HIV Always Become Full Blown AIDS?

    A: In a minority of people infected with HIV, the disease never progresses to AIDS, as noted in the journal "AIDS Research and Treatment." Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection, after the immune system has become so compromised it can no longer fight off other infections.
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  • What Are the Causes of Spinal Meningitis?

    Q: What Are the Causes of Spinal Meningitis?

    A: The Mayo Clinic states that viruses and bacteria cause most cases of spinal meningitis. In rare cases, fungi, chemical reactions, inflammatory diseases, cancer and drug allergies cause the condition.
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  • What Is Bell's Palsy?

    Q: What Is Bell's Palsy?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, Bell's palsy refers to sudden paralysis or weakness of facial muscles, making one side of the face look like it is drooping. Smiles become one-sided, with the eye of the affected side having resistance to closing. Bell's palsy may also be referred to as facial palsy.
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  • How Does Kidney Dialysis Work?

    Q: How Does Kidney Dialysis Work?

    A: According to the National Kidney Foundation, kidney dialysis works by removing waste, salt and extra water from the body in the event that one's kidneys have failed. Kidney dialysis also helps to keep a safe level of certain chemicals in the blood as well as helping to control one's blood pressure.
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  • How Do You Fix a Pinched Nerve in the Shoulder?

    Q: How Do You Fix a Pinched Nerve in the Shoulder?

    A: Treatment for a pinched nerve in the shoulder varies considerably based on severity, but it often includes rest, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral corticosteroids, steroid injections, narcotics, physical therapy, wearing a splint or surgery, according to WebMD.
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  • What Is Considered Morbidly Obese?

    Q: What Is Considered Morbidly Obese?

    A: According to the University of Rochester Medical Center, morbid obesity is when a person has a body mass index of 40 or higher or is 100 pounds or more over ideal weight. For those with weight-related conditions, a body mass index of 35 or higher is morbidly obese.
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  • What Causes Light Spots to Appear on Skin?

    Q: What Causes Light Spots to Appear on Skin?

    A: WebMD states that vitiligo and pityriasis alba cause light patches on the skin. While people of any color can have these two conditions, it is most easily seen on dark skin. Pityriasis alba mostly occurs on the skin of black children.
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  • Are All Viruses Contagious?

    Q: Are All Viruses Contagious?

    A: Microbe World explains that all viruses are infectious by their nature, but not all viruses are infectious to humans. A virus requires a living host cell in order to reproduce, but most viruses are specialized to infect only certain types of cells.
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  • Can You Get Rabies From a Cat Scratch?

    Q: Can You Get Rabies From a Cat Scratch?

    A: According to VCA Animal Hospitals, it is possible to contract rabies or another illness through cat scratches. The only way to determine if an aggressive cat has rabies is to quarantine the animal or take a brain tissue sample.
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  • What Is Third-Stage Kidney Failure?

    Q: What Is Third-Stage Kidney Failure?

    A: In the third stage of kidney failure, an individual has a moderate amount of damage to the kidneys due to chronic kidney disease. DaVita Health Care Partners lists these symptoms as including fatigue, fluid retention, changes in urination, kidney pain and sleep problems.
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  • What Is a Staph Infection?

    Q: What Is a Staph Infection?

    A: A staph infection is an infection caused by the staphylococcus bacteria, according to Mayo Clinic. While these bacteria typically live on the skin and in the nose of healthy people, when they are able to enter the body, they can cause infections that range from minor to life-threatening.
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  • What Is Unspecified Essential Hypertension?

    Q: What Is Unspecified Essential Hypertension?

    A: According to the Mayo Clinic, unspecified essential hypertension means the doctor does not know the root cause of the high blood pressure. This type of hypertension tends to develop gradually over many years. Doctors also refer to this type of high blood pressure as primary hypertension.
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  • What Does a Blood Clot in the Leg Feel Like?

    Q: What Does a Blood Clot in the Leg Feel Like?

    A: A blood clot in the leg, known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT, makes the leg tender, painful and swollen. It can be hard to walk around on the leg if the blood clot has damaged the vessel's valves, according to WebMD. The leg may be warm to the touch or discolored. DVT can also have no symptoms at all, according to the Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Treatment Center.
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  • Why Do Diabetics Have Poor Circulation?

    Q: Why Do Diabetics Have Poor Circulation?

    A: Diabetics have poor circulation because the high blood glucose levels which they experience over a period of years lead to blood vessel damage, according to Diabetes.co.uk. When the blood vessels are damaged, they are unable to supply enough blood to nearby cells due to plaque formation.
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  • What Is Legionnaires' Disease?

    Q: What Is Legionnaires' Disease?

    A: Legionnaires' disease is a form of pneumonia caused by the legionella bacterium. It is usually transmitted through inhalation of the bacteria in mist from air conditioning units, hot tubs and showers, according to MedlinePlus, but it typically cannot be contracted through direct contact with an infected person. Individuals who are older, smoke, have weakened immune systems or suffer from lung disease are more susceptible to the infection.
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  • How Long Does Ringworm Last?

    Q: How Long Does Ringworm Last?

    A: Ringworm can last up to four weeks with over-the-counter skin treatment, according to Healthline. Unfortunately, ringworm may not clear up on its own and a prescription antifungal medication may be needed, notes MedicineNet.com.
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