Conditions & Diseases

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MRSA is very contagious, says About.com. MRSA is a common concern in hospitals and residential care facilities, but infections may break out in gyms, contact sports, jails, military barracks and other overcrowded spaces, explains Mayo Clinic.

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  • Why Does Thyroid Disease Occur?

    Q: Why Does Thyroid Disease Occur?

    A: Thyroid disease is caused by the overproduction or underproduction of the thyroid hormones, according to WebMD. Overproduction is known as hyperthyroidism, while underproduction is known as hypothyroidism. Both types of thyroid disease are caused by a lack of proper thyroid hormone production regulation, resulting in a severe hormone imbalance.
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  • What Are the Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease?

    Q: What Are the Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease?

    A: Ebola hemorrhagic fever, more commonly known as Ebola, is a viral infection that causes symptoms including high fever, unexplained bleeding or bruising, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain and weakness, abdominal pain and severe headache. On average, these symptoms will appear 8 to 10 days after exposure to the virus, though according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), these symptoms can occur in as little as 2 days or as much as 21 days after exposure. Those who have reason to believe they have been exposed to the virus should be on the lookout for these symptoms, which are typically severe and may escalate, such as severe diarrhea that eventually becomes bloody.
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  • What Is Leech Therapy Used For?

    Q: What Is Leech Therapy Used For?

    A: Leech therapy is the medicinal use of leeches to treat disease and reattach or transplant limbs. Leech therapy is advocated in a number of treatment processes as the worms contain compounds and enzymes in their saliva that have an anti-coagulating effect on the blood and anti-inflammatory, bacteriostatic, vasodilating properties, notes Mehdi Leech Therapist.
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  • Why Do You Use a Cane on the Opposite Side of an Injured Leg?

    Q: Why Do You Use a Cane on the Opposite Side of an Injured Leg?

    A: Mayo Clinic explains that when a cane is used for extra support because of a leg injury or disability, it is held by the hand opposite the injury to move along with the injured leg for extra support. The cane is lifted at the same time as the affected leg when the stronger leg is firmly on the ground.
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  • What Causes Stomach Cramps While Running?

    Q: What Causes Stomach Cramps While Running?

    A: Shallow breathing is a frequent cause of stomach cramps that occur while running, says Jeff Galloway, a 1972 Olympian. Consuming too much food or fluid contributes to shallow breathing. Low levels of sodium, potassium and calcium also lead to stomach cramps.
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  • What Causes Someone to Sleep With Their Eyes Open?

    Q: What Causes Someone to Sleep With Their Eyes Open?

    A: According to the Vision Center of Excellence, sleeping with one's eyes open, or nocturnal lagophthalmos, can be caused by a number of factors, including a cone-shaped cornea and prior eye injuries. Neurological conditions, such as Bell's palsy, and eye protrusion, such as that caused by Grave's disease, also cause nocturnal lagophthalmos. The use of alcohol or sedatives prior to sleep increases the risk of nocturnal lagophthalmos.
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  • How Long Does Ringworm Last?

    Q: How Long Does Ringworm Last?

    A: Ringworm can last up to four weeks with over-the-counter skin treatment, according to Healthline. Unfortunately, ringworm may not clear up on its own and a prescription antifungal medication may be needed, notes MedicineNet.com.
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  • Can I Fly With Pneumonia?

    Q: Can I Fly With Pneumonia?

    A: Patient.co.uk recommends that a person with pneumonia be clinically recovered and no longer infectious before flying. A doctor can advise whether a patient is fit enough to fly.
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  • What Can Cause Headaches on Only the Left Side of My Head?

    Q: What Can Cause Headaches on Only the Left Side of My Head?

    A: Cluster headaches and migraines may cause intense pain on one side of the head, according to the Stanford Headache Clinic. Cluster headaches typically last less than two hours and may cause an enlarged pupil, stuffy nose and droopy eyelid. Severe migraines can persist for up to 72 hours, often causing nausea and sensitivity to light.
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  • What Happens If the Cerebral Cortex Is Damaged?

    Q: What Happens If the Cerebral Cortex Is Damaged?

    A: What happens when the cerebral cortex is damaged depends on the location of the damage, according to The University of Washington. As the largest part of the brain, the cerebral cortex is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal lobes. Damage to each of these lobes produces different symptoms.
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  • What Is Legionnaires' Disease?

    Q: What Is Legionnaires' Disease?

    A: Legionnaires' disease is a form of pneumonia caused by the legionella bacterium. It is usually transmitted through inhalation of the bacteria in mist from air conditioning units, hot tubs and showers, according to MedlinePlus, but it typically cannot be contracted through direct contact with an infected person. Individuals who are older, smoke, have weakened immune systems or suffer from lung disease are more susceptible to the infection.
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  • What Causes a Fatty Liver?

    Q: What Causes a Fatty Liver?

    A: Fatty liver is most commonly caused by consumption of large quantities of alcohol on a regular basis or by heavy drinking during a short time period, according to WebMD. Medications, pregnancy, viruses, toxins and metabolic syndrome also can cause fatty liver in those who don't consume alcohol, notes Healthline.
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  • How Long Does a Perforated Eardrum Take to Heal?

    Q: How Long Does a Perforated Eardrum Take to Heal?

    A: A perforated eardrum typically heals within several weeks, even without treatment, according to the Mayo Clinic. Occasionally, however, a perforated eardrum requires surgical intervention or a procedure to heal, explains the Mayo Clinic.
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  • How Can You Sleep Better?

    Q: How Can You Sleep Better?

    A: A person can improve his sleep patterns by establishing a bedtime ritual and sticking to it. Doing the same things at the same times each night tells the body it is time to start slowing down metabolism and getting ready for sleep. Mayo Clinic recommends relaxing activities that transition the body from the daily stresses to restful sleep.
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  • Why Do My Knees Hurt When I Bend Them?

    Q: Why Do My Knees Hurt When I Bend Them?

    A: WebMD explains that pain that occurs when bending the knees is a common symptom of bursitis, a condition in which the sac of fluid that protects the knee joints becomes inflamed and irritated due to repeated bending, injury or overuse. Bursitis that is caused by kneeling is often referred to as "housemaid's knee" or "preacher's knee."
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  • What Do Spider Veins Look Like?

    Q: What Do Spider Veins Look Like?

    A: Spider veins can look like the branches of a tree, a starburst pattern or individual thread-like streaks. They are web-like networks of blood vessels that appear on the feet or legs. Spider veins are caused by previously unseen veins near the surface of the skin becoming stretched out.
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  • What Is the Vomer Bone?

    Q: What Is the Vomer Bone?

    A: The vomer bone is a thin, flat bone that forms part of the separation between the nasal passages. This bone divides the nostrils and appears in the skull of most vertebrates.
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  • Can Plan B Cause Infertility?

    Q: Can Plan B Cause Infertility?

    A: There is no evidence that using Plan B once or multiple times causes infertility, according to Bedsider. This source also states that the greatest risk when using Plan B is unintended pregnancy as the pill is only effective in preventing seven out of eight pregnancies. Plan B is an emergency contraception pill that works by delaying ovulation so that the sperm and egg never have the opportunity to meet, Bedsider states.
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  • How Long Does It Take Fever Blisters to Go Away?

    Q: How Long Does It Take Fever Blisters to Go Away?

    A: Fever blisters take up to two weeks to heal, according to the Mayo Clinic. If a fever blister lasts longer than two weeks, a physician should be contacted.
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  • What Is Life Expectancy for COPD Sufferers?

    Q: What Is Life Expectancy for COPD Sufferers?

    A: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, symptoms typically appear later in life. It is difficult for medical researchers to determine the exact effect the condition has on reducing life expectancy, notes Cleveland Clinic.
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  • What Causes High Blood Platelets?

    Q: What Causes High Blood Platelets?

    A: Better Medicine states that high platelet production is categorized as either primary thrombocythemia, which occurs for reasons unknown, or secondary thrombocytosis, which is caused by another condition, such as infection, anemia or cancer. A high platelet level means that the blood has an abnormal number of platelets.
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