Conditions & Diseases

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Physical or mental disabilities, physical illnesses and emotional disorders are common forms of special needs, according to KidsHealth. People with special needs may rely on essential supplies, equipment or transportation, such as wheelchairs and hearing aids, to learn and function productively. Kids with serious illnesses may need medication administered at school, and children with emotional or behavioral issues may have regular meetings with a therapist.

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  • What is an example of an asthma action plan?

    Q: What is an example of an asthma action plan?

    A: An asthma action or asthma attack plan from the doctor gives instructions for an individual patient, according to WebMD. It includes a list of the person's triggers, peak flow meter readings, the patient's usual symptoms, name and dosage of the daily medication, name and dosage of emergency medications, emergency telephone numbers, and instructions about contacting the doctor.
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  • Why is there protein in my urine?

    Q: Why is there protein in my urine?

    A: In healthy people, fever, emotional stress and intense exercise can temporarily increase protein levels in the urine, according to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Abnormal protein levels may also point to kidney damage due to diabetes and hypertension.
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  • How do you pass a kidney stone?

    Q: How do you pass a kidney stone?

    A: Patients with kidney stones usually require plenty of water and appropriate pain medication to pass the painful objects through the urinary tract, and some people require surgery in extreme cases, according to the Mayo Clinic. MedicineNet explains that kidney stones pass from the kidneys, into the ureter, through the bladder and into the urethra before being flushed out of the body.
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  • Which way does a bedpan go?

    Q: Which way does a bedpan go?

    A: Place the curved, lipped end of the bedpan at the top of the buttocks or small of the back. This leaves the open end of the bedpan towards the thighs. In this manner, the buttocks does not slip into the pan.
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  • What are some interesting facts about polio?

    Q: What are some interesting facts about polio?

    A: Polio is a virus that formerly ravaged populations the world over in widespread epidemics, but has in modern times, been nearly eradicated. The virus is transmitted via the fecal-oral route and primarily affects newborns and young children.
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  • What is a brain aneurysm?

    Q: What is a brain aneurysm?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, a brain aneurysm is a bulging blood vessel that is found in the blood vessels of the brain. The blood vessel can stay stabilized or it can leak or rupture, causing major medical problems.
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  • What is Legionnaires' disease?

    Q: What is Legionnaires' disease?

    A: Legionnaires' disease is a form of pneumonia caused by the legionella bacterium. It is usually transmitted through inhalation of the bacteria in mist from air conditioning units, hot tubs and showers, according to MedlinePlus, but it typically cannot be contracted through direct contact with an infected person. Individuals who are older, smoke, have weakened immune systems or suffer from lung disease are more susceptible to the infection.
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  • How long can a person live with cirrhosis?

    Q: How long can a person live with cirrhosis?

    A: According to the Medical University of South Carolina, life expectancy with cirrhosis of the liver depends on the degree of liver damage as well as the underlying cause. According to Patient.co.uk, life expectancy even in advanced cirrhosis ranges from one to 20 years depending on liver function and disease control.
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  • Can you go swimming with the shingles disease?

    Q: Can you go swimming with the shingles disease?

    A: The U.K.'s National Health Services tells people with the shingles rash not to go swimming. It's possible for the virus to be passed along to others via the water.
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  • How do you get HIV?

    Q: How do you get HIV?

    A: A person can get HIV through sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, needle sharing, breast-feeding or pregnancy, according to Mayo Clinic. A person cannot get HIV through kissing or touching.
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  • What are causes for lower back pain?

    Q: What are causes for lower back pain?

    A: According to WebMD, the top causes of chronic lower back pain are degenerative disk disease, herniated disks and osteoporosis. The likelihood of developing these conditions is determined partially by genetics. The lower back has nociceptive fibers, which are responsible for sending pain signals to the brain. Some people have more nociceptive fibers than others, resulting in varying amounts of back pain despite leading similar lifestyles.
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  • Will HIV always become full blown AIDS?

    Q: Will HIV always become full blown AIDS?

    A: In a minority of people infected with HIV, the disease never progresses to AIDS, as noted in the journal "AIDS Research and Treatment." Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection, after the immune system has become so compromised it can no longer fight off other infections.
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  • Can back pain cause nausea?

    Q: Can back pain cause nausea?

    A: Back pain and nausea commonly occur simultaneously due to the same or similar causes. According to Healthline, the pain associated with digestive problems often radiates to the back, such as in the case of biliary colic. Nausea is an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach that makes the sufferer feel like vomiting. Back pain, on the other hand, is the physical discomfort in the back that can be caused by various issues.
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  • How long does it take cellulitis to heal?

    Q: How long does it take cellulitis to heal?

    A: With antibiotic treatment, cellulitis heals within seven to 10 days, according to Healthline. Symptoms, such as warmth, redness and swelling may be alleviated within three days of treatment, notes to UpToDate. Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection.
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  • Can you get HIV from sharing a cigarette?

    Q: Can you get HIV from sharing a cigarette?

    A: HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing a cigarette, according to HIV Aware, which aggregates information from the United Kingdom's National AIDS Trust. HIV cannot be transmitted by this means even if the person sharing the cigarette has a cut lip or a cold sore.
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  • Can HIV be detected with a CBC test?

    Q: Can HIV be detected with a CBC test?

    A: HIV cannot be detected with a CBC test. To confirm the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood, a person must have the HIV Western blot and HIV ELISA tests, according to MedlinePlus.
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  • What causes a burning pain in the armpit?

    Q: What causes a burning pain in the armpit?

    A: While many conditions may cause irritation in the armpits, WebMD notes that intertrigo usually causes a burning sensation along with redness and itching. When a person has intertrigo, the moist, warm skin becomes irritated and often mildly infected. A rash also typically appears between the folds of the skin.
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  • What causes blood blisters?

    Q: What causes blood blisters?

    A: WebMD indicates that blood blisters occur when the skin is pinched in a forceful manner and blood vessels are damaged in the process. A common injury that is known to create blood blisters is pinching a finger in a drawer. WebMD advises that if a blood blister occurs with additional signs of illness, such as fever or chills, it is important to consult with a medical professional.
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  • What is the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia?

    Q: What is the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia?

    A: Pneumonia is a lung infection often caused by viruses or bacteria, according to the American Lung Association. People with weakened immune systems or pre-existing respiratory diseases have the highest risk of contracting pneumonia. Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease that constricts the bronchial tubes and reduces airflow throughout the respiratory system, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Smokers and adults over 45 are most likely to develop bronchitis.
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  • What causes gout?

    Q: What causes gout?

    A: Gout is the result of a buildup of uric acid in the body that causes needle-like deposits of urate crystals in the soft tissues or joints in the body, according to the American College of Rheumatology. This condition is often known as the disease of kings because it is associated with an overindulgence in certain foods and beverages. Some medications are also associated with gout attacks.
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  • What causes arthritis?

    Q: What causes arthritis?

    A: MedlinePlus cites normal wear and tear on bone joints, viral or bacterial infections, injuries and autoimmune diseases as common causes of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type, and it is caused by joint wear and tear and advanced age.
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