Cold & Flu

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During a flu, the body releases chemicals that help the white blood cells fight the infection, which causes aches, pains and soreness, according to Shelley Levitt on CNN Health. It is also common for a person with the flu to experience sneezing, chills, fever, sore throat, runny nose and cough.

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  • How long does the flu last in adults?

    Q: How long does the flu last in adults?

    A: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that the flu can last one to two weeks in adults. The young, elderly and those with weakened immune systems can have the flu for longer period of time.
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  • Is bronchitis contagious?

    Q: Is bronchitis contagious?

    A: Bronchitis is usually contagious as it can be caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold, says Vincent Iannelli, M.D. It is typically just as contagious as a cold, and precautions should be taken not to spread it. Some viruses that cause bronchitis include adenoviruses, rhinoviruses and influenza.
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  • How long is the flu most contagious?

    Q: How long is the flu most contagious?

    A: According to the Centers for Disease Control, the flu is most contagious five to seven days after flu symptoms develop. The flu can even be contagious one day before any flu symptoms develop.
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  • How long is pneumonia contagious?

    Q: How long is pneumonia contagious?

    A: The contagious period for pneumonia lasts several days to a week. The length of time that a person with pneumonia is contagious depends on what causes the infection. If antibiotics are given for the pneumonia, the person is no longer contagious after one day of treatment, according to WebMD.
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  • What are the symptoms of the bird flu?

    Q: What are the symptoms of the bird flu?

    A: Symptoms of the bird flu include abdominal pain, diarrhea, pneumonia, vomiting and seizures, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The disease can also mimic influenza symptoms including fever, coughing, sore throat and muscle aches.
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  • What are the stages of pneumonia?

    Q: What are the stages of pneumonia?

    A: The Mayo Clinic defines pneumonia as the inflammation of the air sacs in one or both lungs as a result of infection. Physiopedia categorizes the progression of pneumonia infections into four distinct stages: consolidation, red hepatization, gray hepatization and resolution.
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  • What is a head cold?

    Q: What is a head cold?

    A: A head cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract that is also referred to as a "common cold." According to WebMD, common symptoms consist of a runny nose, scratchy throat, nasal congestion and cough. Additional symptoms include headache, watering eyes and a mild fever.
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  • What pathogen causes the flu?

    Q: What pathogen causes the flu?

    A: The pathogen that causes the flu is a virus called influenza, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Every year, millions of people around the world come down with the flu.
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  • How do you treat a sinus infection?

    Q: How do you treat a sinus infection?

    A: Treating a sinus infection involves treating the symptoms and underlying cause, according to Mayo Clinic. While some sinus infections require the use antibiotics, the vast majority don't. This is because the primary cause of most sinus infections is a virus, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For viral sinus infections, antibiotics won't do any good. Antibiotics are used for bacterial sinus infections.
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  • What are some treatment options for a hoarse voice?

    Q: What are some treatment options for a hoarse voice?

    A: In most cases, a strained voice can be healed in three to five days with plenty of rest, fluids, and refraining from using the voice as much as possible according to the Mayo Clinic. If there’s no identifiable cause for the hoarse throat, or if the symptoms last for two or more weeks, it is important to see a doctor. The hoarseness may be the result of a more serious medical condition requires identification and necessary treatment.
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  • What are some home remedies for sinus infection?

    Q: What are some home remedies for sinus infection?

    A: According to WebMD, decrease sinus infection symptoms by keeping mucus membranes moist through drinking enough water and using a humidifier. Additionally, avoid common irritants, and keep the surrounding environment well-ventilated.
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  • How can I get rid of a stuffy nose fast?

    Q: How can I get rid of a stuffy nose fast?

    A: Nasal decongestants and antihistamines stop nasal stuffiness fast, as do a variety of natural methods to irrigate the nose and keep the nasal passageways lubricated and open, according to WebMD. Keeping the nasal passageways moist using a humidifier, taking long showers and using a saline nasal spray are all effective home treatments that can remedy a stuffy nose fast.
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  • Is low body temperature a sign of the flu?

    Q: Is low body temperature a sign of the flu?

    A: According to Flu.gov, one of the main symptoms of the flu is actually having a higher than average body temperature (100 degrees Fahrenheit or higher). It can, however, cause a person to experience chills as a symptom, which may be mistaken for having a lower body temperature.
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  • What can cause a sore throat?

    Q: What can cause a sore throat?

    A: Viral infections, such as the common cold, influenza, mononucleosis, chicken pox, measles and croup can cause sore throats, according to Mayo Clinic. The Mayo Clinic notes that bacterial infections, such as strep throat, whooping cough and diptheria, can also cause sore throats.
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  • Is the flu contagious?

    Q: Is the flu contagious?

    A: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the flu is highly contagious, and it does not need physical contact to spread from person to person. It is possible to contract the flu by breathing in active virus particles that are expelled when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks.
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  • Why does your body ache when you have the flu?

    Q: Why does your body ache when you have the flu?

    A: During a flu, the body releases chemicals that help the white blood cells fight the infection, which causes aches, pains and soreness, according to Shelley Levitt on CNN Health. It is also common for a person with the flu to experience sneezing, chills, fever, sore throat, runny nose and cough.
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  • When is the flu not contagious anymore?

    Q: When is the flu not contagious anymore?

    A: HowStuffWorks explains that influenza is contagious for about five to seven days following the onset of symptoms. However, it is important to understand that people are often contagious for about 24 hours prior to the onset of symptoms. However, children remain contagious for much longer. They may continue to spread the virus for up to two weeks after the appearance of symptoms or even after their symptoms subside.
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  • How do you stop a cough or cold using natural home remedies?

    Q: How do you stop a cough or cold using natural home remedies?

    A: According to WebMD, effective home remedies to fight a cough and cold include inhaling steam, drinking hot liquids, using saline nasal sprays and applying a mentholated salve. Natural remedies such as vitamin C, zinc and echinacea may also be used, but their effectiveness has not been proven.
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  • What is bronchopneumonia?

    Q: What is bronchopneumonia?

    A: Bronchopneumonia is a type of pneumonia that affects both lungs and the bronchi, according to Healthline. Caused by bacteria, fungi or a virus infecting the lungs, bronchopneumonia ranges from mild to severe, with viral bronchopneumonia typically being the mildest. People over 65 or under 2 or living with HIV, chronic heart disease, diabetes, lung disease or a weakened immune system are at an increased risk of developing bronchopneumonia.
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  • How contagious is strep throat?

    Q: How contagious is strep throat?

    A: Strep throat is easily transferable from person-to-person through sneezing, coughing or blowing the nose, according to Kids Health. It can also be indirectly transferred from an object to person by sharing items such as utensils and cups. Once antibiotics are administered for 24 hours, the person is no longer contagious.
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  • Q: What causes sinus infections?

    A: Sinus infections are caused by viruses, bacterial and fungal growth, allergies and structural abnormalities in the nasal area. Sinusitis can also be caused by conditions that affect ciliary movement in the nasal passages, according to MedlinePlus.
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