Cardiac Health

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Anyone of any age can prevent heart disease by adopting a healthy eating and diet plan early, according to the American Heart Association. That means choosing foods that are low in cholesterol, salt, sugar and bad fats, such as saturated fats and trans fats. Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables along with good protein sources, such as nuts and lean meats, is also important.

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  • What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

    Q: What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

    A: The majority of those afflicted by high blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, experience no symptoms at all, even when blood pressure reaches dangerous levels. Those who do experience symptoms may have chest pain, fatigue, confusion, irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing, dizzy spells, dull headaches and nosebleeds. Pounding in the ears, neck or chest may also occur, according to WebMD.
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  • What is aortic atherosclerosis?

    Q: What is aortic atherosclerosis?

    A: Aortic atherosclerosis is the hardening of the aortic artery that occurs when plaque, a substance made of cholesterol, fats and cellular waste, builds up inside the arteries, partially or completely blocking the flow of blood. According to the American Heart Association, atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that may begin in childhood and often does not become a real danger until individuals reach their 50s or 60s.
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  • What is a heart tremor?

    Q: What is a heart tremor?

    A: According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a heart tremor, more commonly known as a heart murmur, is when the heart makes an abnormal sound during a physical exam. A murmur is often described by doctors as a whooshing or swishing sound. WebMD reports the majority of murmurs are considered innocent, and an abnormal murmur may be a sign the heart has a damaged valve or other abnormality.
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  • How do you slow down your heart rate?

    Q: How do you slow down your heart rate?

    A: Regular moderate to vigorous athletic activity can lower a person's resting heart rate, according to WebMD. The best type of exercise for lowering heart rate is aerobic exercise, which strengthens the heart and lungs, increasing the body's use of oxygen. Popular aerobic exercises include brisk walking, jogging, cross-country skiing, swimming, biking and rowing.
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  • What causes a fast heart rate?

    Q: What causes a fast heart rate?

    A: According to the American Heart Association, a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute is also referred to as tachycardia and occurs when the heart's electrical signals interfere with the sinoatrial node that is responsible for maintaining a balanced heart rate. Rapid heart rates can be triggered by anxiety, caffeine consumption, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking.
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  • What causes high blood pressure?

    Q: What causes high blood pressure?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, primary hypertension, or high blood pressure, has no identifiable causes and develops over time. Medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, sleep apnea, congenital blood defects and adrenal gland tumors are causes of secondary high blood pressure. Other causes include taking oral contraceptives, using cocaine or amphetamines and abusing alcohol.
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  • What is a heart murmur?

    Q: What is a heart murmur?

    A: A heart murmur is an unusual, extra or loud sound heard by a doctor when he listens to the heart with a stethoscope. Heart murmurs are categorized as innocent, such as sounds frequently heard in children, or abnormal, which can indicate an underlying problem, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
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  • What are the signs of a heart attack?

    Q: What are the signs of a heart attack?

    A: The most characteristic symptom of a heart attack, according to the American Heart Association, is a severe, crushing pain in the chest that may radiate outward to the shoulders, arms and neck. Heart attacks can also cause the victim to feel short of breath or panicky and might induce dizziness and a cold, clammy sweat.
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  • When would cardiac output be the greatest?

    Q: When would cardiac output be the greatest?

    A: According to WebMD, cardiac output is greatest during intense exercise and when a person is approximately in his 20s. The more intense the exercise, the more blood the body's muscle demand from the heart and, therefore, the cardiac output is normally greater than at rest.
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  • How do you stop heart palpitations?

    Q: How do you stop heart palpitations?

    A: WebMD notes that heart palpitations can be treated by lowering stress and anxiety levels and by avoiding certain beverages, foods, stimulants and medications. In order to treat palpitations effectively, the cause first has to be determined so that the best treatment can be prescribed.
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  • What are signs of heart disease in women?

    Q: What are signs of heart disease in women?

    A: According to WebMD, common heart disease symptoms in women are chest discomfort, pain in the arms, neck or jaw, fatigue, sweating, stomach pain, nausea, lightheadedness and shortness of breath. Additional symptoms, noted by Cleveland Clinic, are anxiety, indigestion and sleep disturbances.
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  • How is the heart rate regulated?

    Q: How is the heart rate regulated?

    A: Heart rate is regulated by homeostasis, a process by which the body regulates its internal environment during its interaction with the outside environment. A prime example of another variable regulated by homeostasis is body temperature. When the environment is too cold, the brain triggers muscle contractions to raise internal temperature.
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  • Can you reduce plaque in your arteries?

    Q: Can you reduce plaque in your arteries?

    A: According to The Dr. Oz Show, a person can reduce artery plaque if he stops consuming the foods that caused the plaque to develop and incorporates an abundance of heart-healthy foods into his diet. Foods high in saturated fats, trans fats and cholesterol, such as fast foods and processed meats, cause plaque buildup and should be eliminated. A heart-healthy diet is primarily plant based and contains little fat.
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  • What is the ideal pulse rate?

    Q: What is the ideal pulse rate?

    A: According to the Mayo Clinic, the ideal resting heart rate for a healthy adult is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. More athletic people have a more efficient heart and a lower heart rate, with some high-level athletes exhibiting a heart rate of 40 beats per minute.
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  • Which arm goes numb during a heart attack?

    Q: Which arm goes numb during a heart attack?

    A: Either arm can go numb during a heart attack, but it is more frequently the left arm. Numbness alone is not a sign of a heart attack and can be caused by a number of other conditions.
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  • How can you lower cholesterol naturally?

    Q: How can you lower cholesterol naturally?

    A: Managing cholesterol without or in addition to the use of medication is best done with a combination of diet and exercise. According to WebMD, daily exercise reduces LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, and increases HDL, or "good" cholesterol, by up to 10 percent. Switching to a diet that's low in cholesterol reduces the amount of cholesterol that's consumed, but might not have a measurable effect, as the body produces cholesterol itself.
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  • What is a heart stent?

    Q: What is a heart stent?

    A: A heart stent is a small tube used to treat narrowed arteries or strengthen weakened arteries, as defined by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Stent manufacturers use metal mesh or fabric to produce these tubes.
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  • What is the immediate post-heart attack action that should be taken?

    Q: What is the immediate post-heart attack action that should be taken?

    A: To respond to a suspected heart attack, the National Institutes of Health recommends that someone call 911 or other local emergency number to summon medical help. A heart attack is a medical emergency.
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  • How can you keep your circulatory system healthy?

    Q: How can you keep your circulatory system healthy?

    A: To keep the circulatory system healthy, it is important to exercise on a regular basis, eat a healthy diet and avoid smoking. It helps to keep the body active by doing exercises, such as walking, jogging, running, biking, skating, jumping and swimming. Additionally, it is crucial to reduce consumption of junk and oily foods.
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  • How do you prevent heart disease?

    Q: How do you prevent heart disease?

    A: Anyone of any age can prevent heart disease by adopting a healthy eating and diet plan early, according to the American Heart Association. That means choosing foods that are low in cholesterol, salt, sugar and bad fats, such as saturated fats and trans fats. Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables along with good protein sources, such as nuts and lean meats, is also important.
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  • What is a silent heart attack?

    Q: What is a silent heart attack?

    A: A silent heart attack is a heart attack that has no symptoms, according to the American Heart Association. It also sometimes refers to a heart attack with minimal or unrecognized symptoms. In any of these three cases, the person having a heart attack does not realize it.
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