Cancer

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Symptoms of prostate cancer include trouble urinating, decreased strength in the urine stream, blood in the urine or semen, general pain in the back and lower body, including the pelvic region, bone pain and erectile dysfunction, according to the Mayo Clinic. WebMD also lists the leaking of urine when laughing or coughing and the inability to urinate while standing up as additional symptoms.

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  • What can be expected in the final stages of lung cancer?

    Q: What can be expected in the final stages of lung cancer?

    A: According to the National Cancer Institute, during the final stages of lung cancer, a patient suffers myoclonus, dyspnea, fatigue, cough, rattle, delirium and fever. A study of 200 cancer patients revealed that noisy breathing, pain and urinary dysfunction were the most frequent symptoms during the last 48 hours of life.
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  • What are some warning signs of cancer?

    Q: What are some warning signs of cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, generalized signs and symptoms of cancer include unexplained weight loss, fever, fatigue, unexplained pain, skin changes, changes in bowel or bladder functions, wounds that do not heal, unusual bleeding and white patches inside the mouth. All of these signs and symptoms can point to a diagnosis of cancer if they are experienced for prolonged periods of time.
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  • What is the life expectancy for people with leukemia?

    Q: What is the life expectancy for people with leukemia?

    A: Studies from the National Cancer Institute place the average life expectancy for people with leukemia at 72 years for men and 78 years for women. The National CML Society states that the life expectancy for those with leukemia is measured in decades, and even matches that of the general population.
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  • What is a PET scan?

    Q: What is a PET scan?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, a PET scan is an imaging test that helps determine how tissues and organs in the body are functioning. Short for positron emission topography, a PET scan uses a radioactive drug tracer to show areas of the body that have unusually high levels of chemical activity, which typically relates to a disease or disorder. These areas show up as bright spots on a PET scan.
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  • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    Q: What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    A: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a form of cancer that starts in the lymphocytes, which are cells of the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes exist in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues and are part of the body’s immune system, according to the American Cancer Society.
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  • Can tanning lead to cancer?

    Q: Can tanning lead to cancer?

    A: Tanning can cause skin cancer, as it represents damage to the skin at the cellular level, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. Tanning is caused by the reaction of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays with melanin, a hormone in the skin that regulates color.
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  • What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    Q: What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    A: Mitosis is the process via which cells divide, producing copies of themselves. Cancer is essentially mitosis that is out of control. Cancer cells do not operate in the same way as other cells in the system they occupy, so they replicate and damage surrounding tissues.
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  • What is the worst type of cancer?

    Q: What is the worst type of cancer?

    A: Although lung cancer kills more people each year, pancreatic cancer is considered the deadliest type of cancer based on its general prognosis. Only five percent of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer live as long as five years following their diagnosis.
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  • What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    Q: What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    A: According to The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, nutritious foods that are healthy for cancer patients to eat include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and foods rich in protein and omega 3 fatty acids. Low-fat dairy and alternative dairy foods are also good to eat. Beverages cancer patients may drink include water, tea, milk, coffee and 100 percent fruit juices.
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  • What are the signs and symptoms of lymphoma?

    Q: What are the signs and symptoms of lymphoma?

    A: The main signs and symptoms of lymphoma include painless swelling in lymph nodes found in the groin, neck or under the arms, night sweats, chills, fever, and unexplained weight loss, according to the Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are appetite loss, increased lymph node pain after drinking and enhanced sensitivity to alcohol, constant fatigue, and itching.
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  • Is lung cancer curable?

    Q: Is lung cancer curable?

    A: According to Cancer.org, the ability to treat or cure lung cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and numerous other factors. Treatment options vary according to the severity of the cancer.
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  • What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    Q: What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    A: During a mammogram, a medical technician may discover that a patient has heterogeneously dense breasts. This medical term refers to extremely dense glandular tissue in the breast area. Dr. Margaret Polaneczky explains that, under this classification, the breast composition measures between 51 - 75 percent glandular. Large amounts of breast tissue compromise a mammogram test, and make it difficult to detect cancer, according to breast cancer expert, Dr. Stacey Vitiello.
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  • What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    Q: What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    A: The progression of prostate cancer is divided into four distinct stages; by the fourth stage the cancer will have spread to other parts of the body. In this final stage, the Gleason score can range from 2 to 10, and the cancer may have spread to nearby tissue such as the rectum, bladder or pelvic wall. It may also have spread to nearby lymph nodes, and often spreads to the bones.
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  • Is lymphoma curable?

    Q: Is lymphoma curable?

    A: Lymphoma is both treatable and curable, depending on the specific stage and cancer type, according to the American Society of Hematology. Lymphoma is divided into two categories, Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is highly curable.
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  • What are early signs of throat cancer?

    Q: What are early signs of throat cancer?

    A: The American Cancer Society states that early signs of throat cancer include hoarseness of voice, a sore throat, pain or trouble swallowing, and a lump on the neck. The early signs depend on the location of the cancer. For instance, if the cancer starts on the vocal cords, then hoarseness of voice is an early sign. If it starts above the vocal cords, hoarseness comes later.
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  • How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    Q: How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, the survival rate for stage IV cancer depends on the specific type of cancer involved. Many other factors also contribute to an individual patient's prognosis, such as age and overall health. A patient's oncologist is the best source for information on odds of survival.
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  • What are the effects of radiation therapy?

    Q: What are the effects of radiation therapy?

    A: The American Cancer Society notes that fatigue is a common side effect of radiation treatment. Fatigue is defined as feeling tired all the time, even after resting. A number of factors can lead to fatigue, including low red blood cell count, pain, poor nutrition, stress and chemotherapy drugs.
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  • Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    Q: Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    A: Cancer shows up on certain types of medical X-rays, making it an essential tool in detecting cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. X-ray radiation poses some health risks, but the potential diagnostic and preventive benefits typically outweigh the risks of the radiation.
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  • What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    Q: What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    A: The prognosis for prostate cancer depends on how far the cancer has spread once the doctor detects the disease, according to WebMD. Doctors use one of four stages to describe how advanced prostate cancer has become in a patient. Stage I has the best prognosis, and Stage IV has the worst. Better prognoses depend on the location of prostate cancer.
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  • What is the difference between carcinoma and sarcoma?

    Q: What is the difference between carcinoma and sarcoma?

    A: Carcinoma cancers affect cell development in skin tissue and tissue-lined organs, such as kidneys, while sarcomas are found in bones, nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues, according to WebMD. Carcinoma triggers abnormal cell growth in some of the body's most essential organs and often spreads rapidly, so cases are frequently diagnosed. Sarcoma is very rare, and the most common form only causes approximately one out of 100 adult cancer cases.
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  • What are some symptoms of prostate cancer?

    Q: What are some symptoms of prostate cancer?

    A: Symptoms of prostate cancer include trouble urinating, decreased strength in the urine stream, blood in the urine or semen, general pain in the back and lower body, including the pelvic region, bone pain and erectile dysfunction, according to the Mayo Clinic. WebMD also lists the leaking of urine when laughing or coughing and the inability to urinate while standing up as additional symptoms.
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