Cancer

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It is possible to die from leukemia, and the National Cancer Institute estimated in 2014 that there would be 52,380 new cases and 24,090 deaths in that year. Leukemia is one of the most common cancers among children but occurs more often in adults.

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  • What are the signs and symptoms of lymphoma?

    Q: What are the signs and symptoms of lymphoma?

    A: The main signs and symptoms of lymphoma include painless swelling in lymph nodes found in the groin, neck or under the arms, night sweats, chills, fever, and unexplained weight loss, according to the Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are appetite loss, increased lymph node pain after drinking and enhanced sensitivity to alcohol, constant fatigue, and itching.
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  • Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    Q: Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    A: Cancer shows up on certain types of medical X-rays, making it an essential tool in detecting cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. X-ray radiation poses some health risks, but the potential diagnostic and preventive benefits typically outweigh the risks of the radiation.
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  • What are early signs of throat cancer?

    Q: What are early signs of throat cancer?

    A: The American Cancer Society states that early signs of throat cancer include hoarseness of voice, a sore throat, pain or trouble swallowing, and a lump on the neck. The early signs depend on the location of the cancer. For instance, if the cancer starts on the vocal cords, then hoarseness of voice is an early sign. If it starts above the vocal cords, hoarseness comes later.
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  • What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    Q: What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    A: During a mammogram, a medical technician may discover that a patient has heterogeneously dense breasts. This medical term refers to extremely dense glandular tissue in the breast area. Dr. Margaret Polaneczky explains that, under this classification, the breast composition measures between 51 - 75 percent glandular. Large amounts of breast tissue compromise a mammogram test, and make it difficult to detect cancer, according to breast cancer expert, Dr. Stacey Vitiello.
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  • Is lymphoma curable?

    Q: Is lymphoma curable?

    A: Lymphoma is both treatable and curable, depending on the specific stage and cancer type, according to the American Society of Hematology. Lymphoma is divided into two categories, Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is highly curable.
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  • What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    Q: What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    A: The prognosis for prostate cancer depends on how far the cancer has spread once the doctor detects the disease, according to WebMD. Doctors use one of four stages to describe how advanced prostate cancer has become in a patient. Stage I has the best prognosis, and Stage IV has the worst. Better prognoses depend on the location of prostate cancer.
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  • What is the worst type of cancer?

    Q: What is the worst type of cancer?

    A: Although lung cancer kills more people each year, pancreatic cancer is considered the deadliest type of cancer based on its general prognosis. Only five percent of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer live as long as five years following their diagnosis.
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  • How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    Q: How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, the survival rate for stage IV cancer depends on the specific type of cancer involved. Many other factors also contribute to an individual patient's prognosis, such as age and overall health. A patient's oncologist is the best source for information on odds of survival.
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  • What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    Q: What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    A: Mitosis is the process via which cells divide, producing copies of themselves. Cancer is essentially mitosis that is out of control. Cancer cells do not operate in the same way as other cells in the system they occupy, so they replicate and damage surrounding tissues.
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  • What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    Q: What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    A: The progression of prostate cancer is divided into four distinct stages; by the fourth stage the cancer will have spread to other parts of the body. In this final stage, the Gleason score can range from 2 to 10, and the cancer may have spread to nearby tissue such as the rectum, bladder or pelvic wall. It may also have spread to nearby lymph nodes, and often spreads to the bones.
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  • What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    Q: What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    A: According to The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, nutritious foods that are healthy for cancer patients to eat include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and foods rich in protein and omega 3 fatty acids. Low-fat dairy and alternative dairy foods are also good to eat. Beverages cancer patients may drink include water, tea, milk, coffee and 100 percent fruit juices.
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  • What are some warning signs of cancer?

    Q: What are some warning signs of cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, generalized signs and symptoms of cancer include unexplained weight loss, fever, fatigue, unexplained pain, skin changes, changes in bowel or bladder functions, wounds that do not heal, unusual bleeding and white patches inside the mouth. All of these signs and symptoms can point to a diagnosis of cancer if they are experienced for prolonged periods of time.
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  • Is lung cancer curable?

    Q: Is lung cancer curable?

    A: According to Cancer.org, the ability to treat or cure lung cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and numerous other factors. Treatment options vary according to the severity of the cancer.
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  • Can tanning lead to cancer?

    Q: Can tanning lead to cancer?

    A: Tanning can cause skin cancer, as it represents damage to the skin at the cellular level, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. Tanning is caused by the reaction of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays with melanin, a hormone in the skin that regulates color.
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  • How bad is stage 4 cancer?

    Q: How bad is stage 4 cancer?

    A: According to the Cancer Institute of New South Wales, stage 4 cancer is the most severe stage of cancer and indicates distant spread. At this stage, cancerous cells are able to travel the body via blood vessels, which enables them to spread to any body part.
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  • What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?

    Q: What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?

    A: Ovarian cancer triggers many abdominal symptoms, such as pain, bloating and upset stomach, the National Ovarian Cancer Coalition states. An individual may urinate more often, feel full quickly during meals, or struggle with fatigue and back soreness. Some sufferers experience pain during sex or changes in their menstrual cycles.
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  • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    Q: What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    A: The National Cancer Institute explains that Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes. Rare Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed by the presence of lymphocyte-predominant cells.
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  • What are the effects of radiation therapy?

    Q: What are the effects of radiation therapy?

    A: The American Cancer Society notes that fatigue is a common side effect of radiation treatment. Fatigue is defined as feeling tired all the time, even after resting. A number of factors can lead to fatigue, including low red blood cell count, pain, poor nutrition, stress and chemotherapy drugs.
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  • What are pre-cancerous cells?

    Q: What are pre-cancerous cells?

    A: Precancerous cells, also called premalignant cells, are abnormal cells that have the potential to become cancerous, according to About.com. A precancerous cell is not destined to progress to cancer and can even return to a normal cell in the future.
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  • What is a doctor called who studies the brain?

    Q: What is a doctor called who studies the brain?

    A: A neurologist studies the nervous system, which is composed of the brain, the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system. This includes any part of the body, such as the eyes, ears and skin, that receive information through the senses.
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  • What can be expected in the final stages of lung cancer?

    Q: What can be expected in the final stages of lung cancer?

    A: According to the National Cancer Institute, during the final stages of lung cancer, a patient suffers myoclonus, dyspnea, fatigue, cough, rattle, delirium and fever. A study of 200 cancer patients revealed that noisy breathing, pain and urinary dysfunction were the most frequent symptoms during the last 48 hours of life.
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