Cancer

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Heterogeneously dense breasts is a term used in mammography to describe breasts with a higher percentage of glandular and supportive tissue than fat. It occurs in 40% of women and while normal, can make it more difficult to detect breast cancer on mammography. Dr. Margaret Polaneczky explains that, under this classification, the breast composition measures between 51 - 75 percent glandular.

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  • What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    Q: What is the relationship between mitosis and cancer?

    A: Mitosis is the process via which cells divide, producing copies of themselves. Cancer is essentially mitosis that is out of control. Cancer cells do not operate in the same way as other cells in the system they occupy, so they replicate and damage surrounding tissues.
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  • What are the symptoms of leukemia in children?

    Q: What are the symptoms of leukemia in children?

    A: Common symptoms of leukemia in children include fatigue or pale skin, infections and fever, easy bleeding or bruising, extreme weakness, shortness of breath, and coughing, according to WebMD. Other symptoms may include bone or joint pain, swelling in the abdomen, swelling above the collarbone, loss of appetite, weight loss, headaches, seizure, balance problems or abnormal vision.
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  • Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    Q: Does cancer show on a X-ray?

    A: Cancer shows up on certain types of medical X-rays, making it an essential tool in detecting cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. X-ray radiation poses some health risks, but the potential diagnostic and preventive benefits typically outweigh the risks of the radiation.
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  • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    Q: What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    A: The National Cancer Institute explains that Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes. Rare Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed by the presence of lymphocyte-predominant cells. It was formerly referred to as Hodgkin's disease.
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  • What is a PET scan?

    Q: What is a PET scan?

    A: According to Mayo Clinic, a PET scan is an imaging test that helps determine how tissues and organs in the body are functioning. Short for positron emission topography, a PET scan uses a radioactive drug tracer to show areas of the body that have unusually high levels of chemical activity, which typically relates to a disease or disorder. These areas show up as bright spots on a PET scan.
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  • What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    Q: What does "heterogeneously dense breast tissue" mean?

    A: Heterogeneously dense breasts is a term used in mammography to describe breasts with a higher percentage of glandular and supportive tissue than fat. It occurs in 40% of women and while normal, can make it more difficult to detect breast cancer on mammography. Dr. Margaret Polaneczky explains that, under this classification, the breast composition measures between 51 - 75 percent glandular.
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  • What is the worst type of cancer?

    Q: What is the worst type of cancer?

    A: Although lung cancer kills more people each year, pancreatic cancer is considered the deadliest type of cancer based on its general prognosis. Only five percent of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer live as long as five years following their diagnosis.
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  • What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    Q: What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    A: The progression of prostate cancer is divided into four distinct stages; by the fourth stage the cancer will have spread to other parts of the body. In this final stage, the Gleason score can range from 2 to 10, and the cancer may have spread to nearby tissue such as the rectum, bladder or pelvic wall. It may also have spread to nearby lymph nodes, and often spreads to the bones.
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  • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    Q: What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?

    A: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a form of cancer that starts in the lymphocytes, which are cells of the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes exist in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues and are part of the body���s immune system, according to the American Cancer Society.
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  • How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    Q: How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, the survival rate for stage IV cancer depends on the specific type of cancer involved. Many other factors also contribute to an individual patient's prognosis, such as age and overall health. A patient's oncologist is the best source for information on odds of survival.
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  • What are some warning signs of cancer?

    Q: What are some warning signs of cancer?

    A: According to the American Cancer Society, generalized signs and symptoms of cancer include unexplained weight loss, fever, fatigue, unexplained pain, skin changes, changes in bowel or bladder functions, wounds that do not heal, unusual bleeding and white patches inside the mouth. All of these signs and symptoms can point to a diagnosis of cancer if they are experienced for prolonged periods of time.
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  • What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    Q: What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?

    A: The prognosis for prostate cancer depends on how far the cancer has spread once the doctor detects the disease, according to WebMD. Doctors use one of four stages to describe how advanced prostate cancer has become in a patient. Stage I has the best prognosis, and Stage IV has the worst. Better prognoses depend on the location of prostate cancer.
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  • What is a doctor called who studies the brain?

    Q: What is a doctor called who studies the brain?

    A: A neurologist studies the nervous system, which is composed of the brain, the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system. This includes any part of the body, such as the eyes, ears and skin, that receive information through the senses.
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  • What are pre-cancerous cells?

    Q: What are pre-cancerous cells?

    A: Precancerous cells, also called premalignant cells, are abnormal cells that have the potential to become cancerous, according to About.com. A precancerous cell is not destined to progress to cancer and can even return to a normal cell in the future.
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  • How bad is stage 4 cancer?

    Q: How bad is stage 4 cancer?

    A: According to the Cancer Institute of New South Wales, stage 4 cancer is the most severe stage of cancer and indicates distant spread. At this stage, cancerous cells are able to travel the body via blood vessels, which enables them to spread to any body part.
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  • Is lung cancer curable?

    Q: Is lung cancer curable?

    A: According to Cancer.org, the ability to treat or cure lung cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and numerous other factors. Treatment options vary according to the severity of the cancer.
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  • Can tanning lead to cancer?

    Q: Can tanning lead to cancer?

    A: Tanning can cause skin cancer, as it represents damage to the skin at the cellular level, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. Tanning is caused by the reaction of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays with melanin, a hormone in the skin that regulates color.
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  • What is the life expectancy for people with leukemia?

    Q: What is the life expectancy for people with leukemia?

    A: Studies from the National Cancer Institute place the average life expectancy for people with leukemia at 72 years for men and 78 years for women. The National CML Society states that the life expectancy for those with leukemia is measured in decades, and even matches that of the general population.
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  • Is lymphoma curable?

    Q: Is lymphoma curable?

    A: Lymphoma is both treatable and curable, depending on the specific stage and cancer type, according to the American Society of Hematology. Lymphoma is divided into two categories, Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is highly curable.
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  • What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    Q: What are healthy foods for a diet for cancer patients?

    A: According to The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, nutritious foods that are healthy for cancer patients to eat include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and foods rich in protein and omega 3 fatty acids. Low-fat dairy and alternative dairy foods are also good to eat. Beverages cancer patients may drink include water, tea, milk, coffee and 100 percent fruit juices.
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  • What is lymphoma cancer?

    Q: What is lymphoma cancer?

    A: According to MedlinePlus, lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, a key part of the immune system. There are numerous different types of lymphoma, but the majority of lymphomas are classified as non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
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