The recommendation for the treatment of gout pain can include using anti-inflammatory drugs that are nonsteroidal, colchicine and corticosteroids, states the American College of Rheumatology. When gout pain is not very severe, home treatments can be effective, such as using an ice compress on the affected joint a few times a day and keeping the joint elevated and resting on a pillow, notes WebMD.
Gout is a type of arthritis that can affect many different joints in the body, but it most often affects the big toe joint. The symptoms of gout are sudden and intense pain, redness, inflammation and tenderness in the affected joint. The cause of the intense pain is an excess of urate crystals in the joint, states The American College of Rheumatology. To alleviate the pain and inflammation, patients may take either over-the-counter or prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen and indomethacin. Doctors can also prescribe steroid drugs either for oral use or to be injected into the affected joint, states Mayo Clinic.
To help with gout pain, a common drug prescribed by doctors is colchicine. For some patients, a drawback of using this drug is that it can cause extreme nausea and diarrhea. To lower the risk of gout attacks and other complications, doctors can prescribe drugs that either remove or prevent the formation of uric acid in the body, including probenecid and allopurinol.