Exercises for spinal stenosis (L2, L3), spondylolisthesis and osteopenia include weight-bearing exercises and various stretches, according to HealthTap doctors. It is best to consult a physical therapist to receive instructions on good core stabilization exercises.
Some doctors believe that spinal stenosis worsens with time, while others find that those who suffer from the condition can manage and improve it with the right treatment, notes the Morris Spinal Stenosis & Disc Center.
The best exercises are ones that strengthen the abdomen, stretch and round the lower back and reverse the effects of gravity. Five exercises that help this condition include the single knee-to-chest stretch, the double knee-to-chest stretch, upper abdominal crunches, lower abdominal walks and bar-hanging exercises. Those with cervical stenosis should not attempt the bar-hanging exercise. Individuals with spinal stenosis should avoid exercises that arch or compress the back, such as the Cobra, lifting weight over the head and running.
Doctors recommend finding the cause of spinal stenosis for each individual to develop specific treatment and exercise programs, explains the Morris Spinal Stenosis & Disc Center. Losing weight helps avoid further injury to the spinal canal and improves prognosis. It is also important to maintain the proper posture at all times to reduce the curves in the back. To correct posture, patients must tilt the lower pelvis forward and lift up from the lower part of the chest.