Exercises that patients with vertigo can do at home include the epley and half-somersault maneuvers, claims WebMD. These both involve moving the head and body in certain directions until the vertigo stops.
For the epley maneuver, the patient begins by sitting on the edge of the bed, with the head rotated 45 degrees toward the left side, suggests WebMD. With the pillow under the shoulder and in the same angle, the patient should quickly lie down, face up, and wait for about 30 seconds until the vertigo stops. Without raising the head, the head should twist 90 degrees to the right, and then stay in this position for 30 seconds. The patient should then move the entire body to the right side, so as to face the floor, and later sit up slowly.
To perform the half-somersault maneuver, a patient should kneel down and face the ceiling for a few seconds, notes WebMD. The individual should place the head in a somersault position for 30 seconds, turn the head toward the affected ear and wait for 30 seconds. The patient should then quickly raise the head to the back level, and raise it fully upright 30 seconds later. The process should be repeated as necessary at 15 minutes intervals.
After these exercises, the patient should avoid tilting the head, advises WebMD. In case of difficulties, the patient should consult a doctor.