Assistive exercises such as shoulder flexion, active exercises such as shoulder internal rotation and isometric exercises such as shoulder external rotation all help a broken shoulder recover from surgery. These movements are crucial for restoring flexibility and range of motion, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Assistive shoulder flexion involves clasping the hands together and lifting the arms over the head, either while lying down or in a seated position. It is important to hold the elbows as straight as possible. Three sessions of this exercise, with 10 to 20 repetitions in each session, help to restore function to the shoulder, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Active shoulder internal rotation requires bringing the hand behind the back and over to the opposite side. Repeating this movement 10 times per session with at least three sessions per day helps with shoulder recovery, states the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Isometric shoulder external rotation begins with standing with one side of the body touching a wall. This side is the one with the shoulder that goes through the exercise. Bending the elbow at a 90-degree angle, pushing the arm into the wall, holding the arm there for five seconds and then relaxing combine to make one repetition. Complete 10 repetitions in one session, recommends the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.