The Semont, Epley and Half Somersault maneuvers are exercises that can alleviate symptoms of vertigo. Before doing the exercises, a patient should consult a doctor, who establishes the type of vertigo and which ear is affected, advises WebMD.
In the Epley maneuver, the patient sits on a bed, turns his head 45 degrees to the side of the affected ear and then quickly lies down, while facing up, with the head on the bed and a pillow under the shoulders, according to WebMD. After waiting for 30 seconds for the vertigo to stop, the patient turns the head halfway to the opposite side of where the vertigo is felt and wait for another 30 seconds. Lastly, he should turn the entire body such that he faces the floor and then sit up slowly.
For the Soment maneuver, the patient should sit on the edge of the bed, turn the head 45 degrees to the side of the affected ear, quickly lie down on the opposite side and then wait for 30 seconds, explains WebMD. Without changing the direction of the head, the patient should move to lie on the opposite edge of the bed, stay there 30 seconds and then look at the floor.
In the Half Somersault maneuver, the patient kneels down and looks at the ceiling. Then, he adopts a somersault position, turns the head to the side of the affected ear and waits for 30 seconds. He should then elevate the head in an upright position and slowly stand up. For the rest of the day following any of these exercises, the patient should avoid tilting his head up or down at too great an angle.