Treatment for protein in the urine focuses on treating the underlying cause, according to WebMD. In some cases, the condition is mild and requires no treatment at all. If the patient has diabetes or high blood pressure the doctor may prescribe angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. In these patients, proper treatment is essential in preventing progressive damage to the kidneys.
The kidneys serve as filters that retain the products the body can use while eliminating waste in the urine. While they normally retain protein in this process, certain conditions and diseases cause the passing of proteins through this filtering system, resulting in protein in the urine, according to Mayo Clinic. Exposure to temperature extremes, fever, strenuous exercise or emotional stress can lead to temporary increases in the amount of protein in the urine.
Protein in the urine may also be an early sign of kidney damage, according to the National Kidney Foundation. A simple test that occurs in the doctor’s office detects protein in the urine. If the doctor suspects kidney disease he may order other tests, including checking the blood pressure, measuring the kidney function and an ultrasound of the kidneys. Patients with diabetes or other risk factors for kidney disease should have a urine test for proteins during routine visits.