Examples of neurological disorders include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy and stroke, as listed by MedlinePlus. Spina bifida, meningitis and brain tumors are other examples of neurological disorders.
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder and the most commonly diagnosed form of dementia, according to the National Institute on Aging. The disease affects memory and behaviors, and eventually, the patient loses the ability to communicate.
Parkinson's disease affects the nerves of the body. The first symptom that develops that often leads to the disease's diagnosis is a tumor, according to Mayo Clinic. A shuffling gait is a common symptom in later stages of the disease, which along with Alzheimer's, does not have a cure as of April 2015.
Strokes and epilepsy are two neurological conditions that may be present alone or in combination with each other, according to the National Stroke Association. Approximately 5 percent of stroke patients may experience a seizure within a few weeks of having a stroke. Patients who have more severe strokes are more likely to experience seizures. While one seizure following a stroke does not lead to an epilepsy diagnosis, additional onset or chronic seizures following a stroke may lead doctors to diagnose an individual with epilepsy.
Muscular dystrophy includes over 30 diagnoses that are grouped together as neurological diseases, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Types of muscular dystrophy include Duchenne, the most common form seen in children, and myotonic, which generally begins in adulthood.