A diet that helps improve acid reflux or severe acid reflux, also called gastroesophageal reflux disease, focuses on avoiding trigger foods, such as fried and fatty foods, highly acidic fruits, chocolates, and spicy and tangy foods, according to Healthline. Foods that may help reduce reflux symptoms include yogurt and fiber-rich foods.
Individuals with acid reflux should identify their triggers by keeping a food diary that monitors what they eat, when they eat and if symptoms arise after eating, suggests Healthline. High-fat foods to avoid include creamy sauces and salad dressings; fatty desserts, such as ice cream; bacon or ham fat; fatty lamb, pork or beef cuts; and full-fat dairy products, such as whole milk and butter. People with frequent acid reflux should also reduce their consumption of pineapple, limes, lemons, grapefruit and oranges.
Onions, garlic, and other spicy or tangy foods often cause heartburn symptoms, notes Healthline. Like fried and fatty foods, chocolate products cause the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, leading to the rise of stomach acid into the esophagus and a higher risk of acid reflux symptoms.
Probiotics, which are often found in yogurt, can possibly reduce the occurrence of acid reflux symptoms, as they contain good bacteria that improve digestion and fight bad bacteria, explains Healthline. Eating plenty of fiber also helps improve acid reflux and lowers risk of bowel problems.