Examples of communicable, or infectious, diseases include hepatitis, polio, influenza, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis. These diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites are capable of spreading among people through the air, blood and other bodily fluids.Continue Reading
Additional examples of communicable diseases include Ebola, cholera and smallpox. While these result in more serious afflictions, even the common cold is an infectious disease. Other popular diseases in this category are MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and norovirus, a primary contributor to foodborne illness.
Influenza, which accounts for 36,000 deaths annually, contains many evolving viral strains that have the potential of causing a pandemic. Viral hepatitis, attributable to 1.4 million deaths per year, causes 78 percent of liver cancers and exacerbates the effects of HIV. The HIV virus attacks the immune system and makes people more vulnerable to other types of infections. Today, many people suffering from HIV live for 15 years before reaching the disease's final stage, AIDS.
Tuberculosis and malaria also prove to be indomitable fatal diseases that occur mainly in Africa. Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterial disease, while malaria is a parasitic disease communicated by mosquitoes. Polio is a viral disease that attacks the nervous system, and while it can cause permanent damage to children, it rarely advances fatally.Learn more about Cold & Flu
The Texas State Historical Association states that examples of endemic diseases include syphilis, bacillary dysentery, tuberculosis, different types of pneumonia and influenza. According to Mosby's Medical Dictionary, an endemic disease is defined as a frequently occurring infectious disease that is specific to a geographical area.Full Answer >
Pneumonia is a communicable disease, which means it can be spread from one person to another, according to GlobalHealth.gov. Communicable diseases are also referred to as infectious or contagious diseases.Full Answer >
The state that has the most flu outbreaks varies year by year, with Oklahoma having the highest influenza rate during the 2014 flu season, according to Walgreens, and Nevada being hardest hit in 2013, according to Gallup. Walgreens used data from retail prescriptions, and Gallup used data from telephone surveys. Other states with high flu activity in 2014 included Texas, Mississippi and Tennessee, indicates Walgreens.Full Answer >
The Huffington Post says that study results released in 2013 indicate that Tamiflu does not prevent serious illnesses from developing in people who contract influenza or other viral illnesses. Tamiflu may also not be able to reduce the severity of influenza symptoms in the elderly.Full Answer >