Foods that may be eaten on a bland diet include low-fat dairy products, tofu, eggs and creamy peanut butter, states MedlinePlus. Additionally, foods such as pasta, bread and crackers that are made with refined white flour, vegetables that are cooked, canned or frozen, and lean tender meats are acceptable.
Broth or soup, weak tea, puddings, custards and refined hot cereals are also considered bland foods, explains MedlinePlus. Generally, foods that are spicy, have a high-fiber content or are not soft should be avoided on a bland diet. It is also important to avoid alcoholic beverages and drinks with caffeine. Specific foods to avoid include fresh berries and fruits, strong types of cheeses, raw vegetables and high-fat milk or dairy products. Cereals with bran or whole grains, fried foods, seeds and nuts should not be eaten.
People on a bland diet should stop smoking, eat at least two hours before bedtime, and eat small meals throughout the day, according to MedlinePlus. Drinking fluids slowly and chewing food well is also advisable. An individual may be put on a bland diet for a variety of reasons, including surgery on the intestines or stomach. People who experience vomiting, gas, nausea, ulcers or heartburn may also be treated with a bland diet.