Simple sugars, also called a monosaccharide, are molecules, such as glucose or fructose, that bond together to create more complex sugars, such as maltose or starch. Glucose is the simple sugar that is used as energy in the body.Continue Reading
Simple sugars consist of between three and seven carbon atoms. Other elements present in sugars are hydrogen and oxygen. In the human body, glucose is the most popular form of simple sugar.
By combining with oxygen, glucose produces the energy cells need to run certain processes. Glucose in the presence of oxygen yields carbon dioxide and water. This reaction releases 2,870 kilojoules of energy. In the body, glucose is normally stored in the form of glycogen, which is a polysaccharide made of chains of the monosaccharide glucose.Learn more about Nutritional Content
Foods rich in sugar or starch have the most carbohydrates. High fructose corn syrup, soda, bananas and fruit jam are at the top of the list, with 20 to 30 net carbohydrates in each serving.Full Answer >
All carbohydrates, such as sugar, pasta, fruits, rice, potatoes, legumes, bread, milk, yogurt and vegetables, are converted into glucose in the body. Other foods, such as fat and proteins, also provide energy to the body, but the main source of energy is from carbohydrates, as stated by GroupHealth.Full Answer >
The chemical equation for wine fermentation when starting from glucose is C6H12O6 = 2CO2 + 2CH3CH2OH, and when starting from maltose or sucrose, it is C12H22O11 = 4CO2 + 4CH3CH2OH. In both processes, the products are carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol. Yeast cells are used in the fermentation process to extract energy from the sugar.Full Answer >
Some foods that contain fructose are fruits and vegetables, processed foods and anything with high-fructose corn syrup as an additive. Fruits and vegetables such as zucchini, peas, watermelon, apples, grapes and asparagus have a high amount of natural fructose. Fruit juice also has fructose.Full Answer >