Q:

What are essential nutrients?

A:

Quick Answer

Essential nutrients are substances that are instrumental to the human body that the body cannot synthesize in the quantities needed to sustain itself. The six essential nutrients are protein, carbohydrates, water, fat, vitamins and various minerals.

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Full Answer

Carbohydrates are the body's primary source of energy, and they regulate blood sugar to remain within the appropriate amounts. Protein repairs body tissues, which is why bodybuilders need more than the average person. Water fortifies cells with nutrients, and minerals regulate fluids and blood sugar as well strengthen bones. Fats are another source of energy, and vitamins perform a variety of functions. The Food and Drug Administration sets daily recommended intake guidelines for all essential nutrients.

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